INDEX OF ARTICLES:
--click on any title to go directly to the article,
click on the article title to return to this list--
UFO ABDUCTED TOWN RESIDENTS IN 1965
ALIEN IMPLANT REMOVAL SURGERY
CANADA: COMMERCIAL PILOT REPORT
ANCIENT CIVILIZATION / ANCIENT
ANCIENT CALENDAR UNEARTHED IN PERU
STONE TOOLS USED TO BACK 'HOBBIT' THEORY
HUMAN PORTRAIT IN PREHISTORIC VILHONNEUR CAVE
ANCIENT ROCK ART MAY DEPICT EXPLODING STAR
EGYPTIAN TOMB REVEALS FLOWERS, NOT MUMMIES
ASTEROIDS / COMETS / NEAR EARTH OBJECTS
ASTRONOMERS GET FIRST GOOD LOOK AT
NORWAY METEOR IMPACT
COSMIC DEFENSE IDEA: FIGHT ASTEROIDS WITH ASTEROIDS
JUNE FORMATIONS FROM THE CROP CIRCLE
CRYPTOZOOLOGY / FLORA & FAUNA
BIGFOOT IN ILLINOIS
DRAGONS IN THE WATER
GEOLOGY / EARTH
THE TROPICS MAY BE EXPANDING
EARLY GLACIAL DEVELOPMENT, HISTORY OF ANTARCTIC ICE SHEET REVISED
VOLCANIC ACTIVITY INCREASING RAPIDLY
'HIGH CONFIDENCE' THAT PLANET IS WARMEST IN 400 YEARS
THE VOLCANO THAT ATE AUSTRALIA
BRITISH SCIENTISTS UNVEIL LATEST
CRAFT TO SEARCH FOR LIFE ON MARS
WAS THERE LIFE ON MARS? SHINY ROCK COATING MAY HOLD THE ANSWER
PROOF OF MARINE FOSSILS ON MARS
SPACE / SCIENCE
PLAN FOR CLOAKING DEVICE UNVEILED
IS THERE WATER ON THE MOON?
GIANT CRATER FOUND; TIED TO WORST MASS EXTINCTION EVER
MOON RACE FOR FUSION FUEL
PREHISTORIC ECOSYSTEM DISCOVERED IN ISRAELI CAVE
HAWKING SAYS HUMANS MUST COLONIZE SPACE
SCIENTIST TARGETS 2024 FOR CHINA'S FIRST MOON WALK
UFO / ET
2002 KENTUCKY COAL TRAIN COLLISION
UFOs SPOTTED OVER VOLCANOES
REVERSE ENGINEERING ADVANCED SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS FROM UFOs
TOP 10 STRANGEST GADGETS OF THE
REMAINS OF BOY PIRATE DISCOVERED
'UFO HACKER' TELLS WHAT HE FOUND
UFO ABDUCTED TOWN RESIDENTS IN 1965 SAYS AUTHOR
Were you in Grantham on the evening of November 9, 1965?
Yes? Then you were abducted by aliens but inconveniently have had the
memory wiped, according to a new book.
Indeed, only a cover-up by the Journal and all the usual Government
suspects has prevented the story being told ... until now.
Asylum – The Definitive UFO and Alien Abduction Experience is written by
Anthony R. Mallin and claims to be based on the story of a real person,
Clive Powers, who as a boy in 1960 was groomed by the aliens when they
touched down in Syston five years earlier.
When the Grantham landing happened in Green Lane, Powers suffered the
torment of abduction while 'drawn' out to the site with his mate.
He was sent to Rauceby and thence to an asylum in Croydon where his memory
was agonizingly unraveled by a mysterious psychiatrist.
It can be difficult to follow what's going on and it's difficult to check
as the author claims names have been changed, oddly, to avoid "possible
contraventions" of the Official Secrets Act. Perhaps there might have been
greater concerns about making enemies from further afield.
But there are plenty of place names and so on to tickle the fancy of the
Grantham reader, even if you were lucky enough not to get whisked away on
that evening 40 years ago.
Powers, who seemed to live in both Hamilton Road and Melbourne Road, went
to Belton Lane Primary School and St Wulfram's (where some pretty amazing
things happened). He worked at Parnell's TV shop and there is, inevitably,
a big Ministry of Defense cover-up surrounding RAF Spitalgate and possibly
the goings-on at Barkston Heath.
But the real villains of the piece are at the Journal. When our intrepid
hero is attempting to research what really happened he is met by sinister
"They wanted to know who we were and where we were from and how to make
contact with us. Without thinking twice we agreed to supplying our contact
details to them.
"Looking back that was stupid. Even now we don't actually know who these
people were and we immediately realized my quest for the truth was no
longer a private matter."
Hmmm. Actually that quote has been adjusted, because the author has
difficulty knowing when to use full stops and when to start new sentences
which adds to the rambling nature of the narrative and the suspicion that
he might just be completely barking.
But the camera never lies, surely? If you find yourself having a skeptical
moment, or if you're struggling to work out just what's going on, you can
flick to the end of the book to see the pictures of the aliens.
Let me nail my colors to the mast. I say it didn't happen ... but then in
my position I would, wouldn't I?
SOURCE: Grantham Journal
Conspiracy Journal 6/16/06 #370
ALIEN IMPLANT REMOVAL SURGERY
On December the 5th 2003, A&S. Research and Dr. Roger Leir performed the
eleventh surgery for removal of an object suspected of being an Alien
Implant. Most readers might be aware of the long hiatus since the last
surgery. This was due to limited funds and our concentration on other
non-surgical cases such as the Gary Lowery case, which involved the
expensive DNA research, reported on in the last issue of the journal.
Because A&S Research, a 501(c) 3 non-profit organization depends solely on
contributions and grants to operate coupled with the fact no charges are
made to any of the surgical patients, places a limitation on the amount of
research performed. The sale of all our educational material, including
videos and books can be obtained through our website, (Alienscalpel.com)
or by calling, 805-495-2613. In addition to the knowledge gained by the
reader or viewer, the costs may be used as a bonified tax-deductible
contribution. Also it should be known, there are no lack of individuals
who fit the stringent pattern of abduction for us to operate on. Our
e-mail continues to run about 300 hundred behind per month and contain
numerous requests for possible implant investigations.
Approximately one and half years ago a lady e-mailed me about a friend of
hers who she stated might fit the criteria for an implant removal. When we
receive calls from individuals who write us about so-called friends, we
are always suspicious they might actually be talking about themselves. Our
experience has taught us that most abductees do not want to admit they are
involved with the phenomena and remain quite reclusive. In this case
however, the person was telling the truth. She did indeed, have a close
friend who was having experiences that indicated an involvement with Alien
Abduction. Many months passed before a direct communication occurred
between the patient and myself. It took about one month of e-mails to
finally break down the barrier, which allowed the patient to trust me with
her telephone number.
Because of promised anonymity, we shall refer to her as Brenda. It took
several months of continued telephone calls and e-mails to actually
determine if Brenda was a candidate for the next step. She was then sent a
large package, containing questions which when evaluated would indicate
the extent of her involvement.
For many years, this 44-year-old female appeared to be having strange
dreams involving visitations of creatures and other representative
associations with the abduction phenomena. She was able to draw quite
accurately a figure she saw in her bedroom that woke her out of a deep
sleep by choking her. She asked him why he was doing what he did and he
simply stated, “I’m just trying to wake you up.” The Being she illustrated
in her drawing was what we have come to know as a “Preying Mantis Being”.
She stated she could see him quite clearly and described him in her
drawing with much detail.
There also was a history of her association with other Beings. In addition
a strong history of other characteristics associated with the phenomena
such as strange body markings, fears of Bears, a strong dislike of
circuses and clowns, desire for salty foods, aversion to strong lights in
a medical setting such as the light above a dental chair and the necessity
for her dentist to use large amounts of anesthesia to accomplish his task.
Next, she explained she had a strange metallic object somewhere in her
mouth. Brenda told us she had numerous x-rays taken by her dentist and was
questioned about the object. She told him she knew nothing about its
origin or how it could have gotten inside her mouth. They were uncertain
as to the exact location of the object due to the dental views taken. I
asked her to send the films for evaluation and she complied. We then used
dental consultants on our panel of specialists to review the films and
give us an opinion. What seemed to me initially to be a very simple
diagnostic assignment became more complex because they were not able to
determine the exact location of the object. In one view it would appear to
be in the gum area and in other views it appeared to be in the soft tissue
of the lining of the mouth. I then asked Brenda to have more x-ray views
taken according to the wishes of our dental experts. She complied without
hesitation or argument. Finally she was requested to have a CAT scan
performed. When this data arrived the dental consults agreed the object
was in her cheek. At that point all the reports and films were taken to
out radiological expert. He determined the object was about 6mm in length
and about 1mm in thickness, located superficial to one of the facial
muscles and relatively close to the skin of the right cheek.
Once this information was in our hands, the case was fully evaluated by
our scientific panel. We then agreed to perform the surgery for removal of
the object. It should be noted, as with the other surgeries we have
performed, Brenda had never undergone regressive hypnosis to advance her
memories. We have come to believe, if the process of abduction goes
according to plan, then the victim is to have no memory of the event or
events whatsoever. In many instances the surgical patient determines he or
she would like to have this procedure performed and so we try and help by
arranging a hypnotic regression at sometime following the surgical
extraction. In Brenda’s case, we called Budd Hopkins, who in turn
conversed with her at length on the telephone. He agreed to arrange a
session with her after the surgery was performed, sometime in January of
2004. We will continue to share pertinent information with Budd during the
time in-between the surgery and his regression.
Brenda arrived in California a couple of days before the day of the
surgery so that we could evaluate her laboratory tests and perform other
tests necessary to better understand the object contained within her
cheek. A gauss meter was used to determine if there was an electromagnetic
field surrounding the object. We physically took the patient out into a
parking lot, away from any electromagnetic sources and determined there
was a field surrounding the object of 2.5 mill gauss. In addition, with
the use of a Radio Frequency Detector, we determined there were emanations
coming from her cheek that registered at 92.7 and 102.9 megahertz. Also,
using a small compact instrument, which measures density, we were able to
pin point the exact location of the object. What does all this mean? To be
quite frank, I would have to say we do not know. It is data that will have
to be evaluated down the line and then compared to the findings from other
patients. We have had several other cases in which there were
electromagnetic fields surrounding the object but have never had the
opportunity to look for radio frequencies.
After evaluating all the laboratory data it was determined that Brenda was
in satisfactory physical health and the surgery could go forward. On
December the 5th, her surgery was performed. If it were not for the fact
we had use of a sophisticated and new Fluoroscan Unit, we would have never
been able to remove the object. The surgeon placed an instrument into the
wound and we observed the object along with the metallic instrument on a
television screen. We all stood dumbfounded as we watched the small
metallic object simply turn and dance away from the instrument. For almost
an hour a very frustrated and patient surgical team painstakingly sought
to grasp this illusive metallic rod. Suddenly there it was, between the
teeth of the instrument and came to the surface easily, seemingly attached
to nothing. What is the explanation for all the illusive movement? Was it
simply due to the object’s magnetic field or was there some other reason
we do not understand?
I removed the object from the surgical sponge and placed it in the
solution of blood serum for safekeeping and transportation. When this was
done I noted the stainless steel instrument I had just used to transfer
the object had been magnetized. This again is strange because these
instruments are made to reduce the possibility of this occurring.
The patient is recovering nicely from the procedure and has gone home to
her family. We have just sent the soft tissue surrounding the object to
the laboratory for analysis. The metallic object is about 6mm in length
and is about 1mm in diameter. It is bronze in color and seems to have
thickened and beveled ends. It is very lightweight and highly magnetic.
Once close up photographs have been performed with such equipment as the
atomic force microscope, the object will go for its first internal test of
scanning electron microscopy. The full results of these examinations will
be available in the MUFON Journal at a later date.
Alien Implant Removal: Surgery Pictures
All images by Michael Portanova, photographer for A & S Research.
#1 (l to r) George Noory, Tom Danheiser, Dr. Roger Leir
#2 Surgery image
#3 Surgery image
#4 Surgery image
#5 Implant (near scissors at top)
#6 Close-up of Implant
#7 George Noory & Dr. Leir
Alien Implant Removal Surgery December 15, 2003
"I've got to tell you, this was very fascinating," said George Noory, who
earlier in the day had attended an "alien implant" removal operation, that
was overseen by Dr. Roger Leir (alienscalpel.com), the guest for the first
half of Friday's show.
Brenda, the patient who had the implant, told George that over the years
she had spotted entities in her bedroom, and had had one particularly
haunting encounter with a winged humanoid who floated 5ft. off the ground.
Dental X-rays eventually revealed the implant which was embedded in the
cheek area under her eye.
The operation, of which an audio portion was played on the show, proved to
be difficult, Dr. Leir said, as the implant seemed to move every time they
attempted to dislodge it. Leir and his associates were aided by the use of
a fluoroscan, which allowed them to view the small metallic object during
"Thank God for that," said Brenda after the removal of the foreign object
which was found to be 3-4mm in length. In previous implant removals, lab
results possibly indicated the objects may be a type of nanotechnology,
said Leir, whose best guess as to their purpose is that they are "devices
for measuring genetic changes about the body," probably of
UPDATE: Dr. Roger discusses findings from 2005 alien implant removal
Coast to Coast Friday March 24th, 2006
Alien Implant Update
In the second half-hour, George Noory was joined by surgeon Dr. Roger Leir,
who discussed findings from an alien implant removal surgery he performed
on December 5, 2003.
Leir described the removed object as a magnetic, metallic rod, 6mm in
length with distinctive groove lines. Scanning electronic microscopy and
x-ray diffraction tests revealed the implant was composed primarily of
iron with an amorphous structure, which Leir said was odd for something
that was highly magnetic.
For his appearance, Dr. Leir provided several images showing an alien
implant he removed from his patient:
Leir stayed on through the second hour to take listeners' calls and also
talked about a movie he is currently developing called Earth's Original
Sin. In the final hour, George played audio from the December 5th implant
removal operation, which he and Coast line producer Tom Danheiser
NOTE: Audio clips with more information are available to paid Coast to
CANADA: COMMERCIAL PILOT REPORT
Calgary -- Barb Campbell writes she received this report:
"I am an airline Captain with Westjet Airlines. As a pilot I love taking
pictures of airplanes and the sky that surrounds us. I took the attached
picture of the winglet on one of our Boeing 737 NG aircraft on a flight to
Calgary at 41,000 feet while seated, as a passenger, in the last row of
When I saw the nice reflection the Sun was making on the winglet I was
ready and fired the shot with my Panasonic DMC-FZ 30 camera. To my
surprise when I looked at the picture in my computer at home I noticed a
dot on the upper right corner so I proceeded to zoom on it and realized
that perhaps there was a distant "object" in the picture.
I would like to ask you if you could study this picture and let me know
what you think of it. I have to admit that while I have never seen a UFO
in my 37 years of flying, I am a firm believer that we are not alone in
this Universe. I am sending 2 pictures, the original size and one that
will fit on your screen.
- - -
Barb Campbell, investigator Saskatchewan Paranormal Research Centre
Photos are Copyright (C)2006 F. H. and can be viewed at (photo resized)
SOURCE: Filer's Files #23 - 7 June 2006
Hacker Uncovered US Off-Planet Space Navy
Rense Note - This is - possibly - a profoundly important development. If
Mr. McKinnon's data and assumption are correct, it validates what I and
others have been postulating for many years: that the US Navy/Military may
well be operating off-planet via back-engineered ET technology (or WWII
German?) for a long time ... long enough to have a 'fleet' of space craft
and officers to either man them or otherwise control them. For those who
remember the Clementine mission, you will recall it was a US Navy project
which micro-mapped the entire Moon. If McKinnon stumbled onto a secret
file of 'Non-Terrestrial Officers' ... it would, indeed, suggest the US
Military has been quietly, efficiently, secretly running off-planet
operations for a long time. - JR
Gary McKinnon, the English hacker facing 70 years in U.S. prison for
searching Pentagon sites for UFO evidence, says the weirdest thing he
found was a list of "Non-Terrestrial Officers" and fleet transfers between
ships that don't exist in the U.S. Navy.
'I found a list of officers' names,' he claims, 'under the heading
'Yeah, I looked it up,' says Gary, 'and it's nowhere. It doesn't mean
little green men. What I think it means is not earth-based. I found a list
of fleet-to-fleet transfers, and a list of ship names. I looked them up.
They weren't U.S. navy ships. What I saw made me believe they have some
kind of spaceship, off-planet.'
ANCIENT CALENDAR UNEARTHED IN PERU
By Jennifer Viegas, Discovery News
June 2, 2006— Archaeologists have discovered an enormous
prehistoric calendar, formed by sculptures arranged in a circle, at the
Temple of the Fox in Buena Vista, Peru.
The calendar, which dates to 2200 B.C., is the oldest known structure of
its kind found in the Americas.
Similar monuments erected by the Mayans of Mexico have also been found,
but those have dated to approximately 2,000 years ago.
There have been European versions too.
“Early solstice markers are known in Ireland with dates earlier than Buena
Vista, but not, to my knowledge, with multiple instruments,” said Robert
Benfer, who oversaw the project and is a professor emeritus of
anthropology at the University of Missouri-Columbia.
“The most famous would be the case of (Egyptian ruler) Amenhotep, who at
1,500 B.C. had statues erected to gaze at the solstice when the Nile was
about to flood,” Benfer said.
The Peruvian calendar would have been a dramatic sight for onlookers 4,000
years ago. Its towering sculptures— made of mud plaster mixed with grass
and covered with clay— were painted bright yellow and red.
The researchers presented the findings recently at the annual meeting of
the Society for American Archaeology in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Benfer told Discovery News the temple and its sculptures seem linked to
astronomical alignments that would have guided practitioners of flood
plain agriculture, which persists in the region.
Major celestial events, such as the rising and setting of the sun during
equinoxes and solstices, would have drawn lines connecting points at the
temple’s entrance, sculptures, surrounding ridges and chambers.
One chamber creates a line aimed toward the rising sun on Dec. 21, which
marks the season when floodwaters begin to rise. On March 21, when these
waters recede, the same line points towards the Andean constellation of
Field director Neil Duncan, who worked with Peruvian archaeologist
Bernardino Ojeda, told Discovery News the chambers contained remnants of
“The offerings primarily consist of plant remains: cotton and cotton
seeds, fruits such as lucuma and guava, squash and gourds, beans and
grass,” Duncan explained.
He added that a sunken pit in the center of the temple also contained
shellfish, crab and mussel shells, and anchovy-sized fish bones.
“These are like ritual offerings, given the context in which we found
them,” Duncan said. “This type of ritual, where food or other offerings
are given to a deity or deities to appease them or secure supernatural
insurance, are ubiquitous all over the world.”
The researchers found no evidence of human sacrifice, but they did
discover a cotton-shrouded mummy of a woman in the fetal position.
“It is a very ancient Andean tradition to bury dead in places of power,”
explained Duncan. “This site certainly would fit the bill.”
Perhaps the most striking object found at the temple was a large
personified disk that frowns at the sunset on June 21, the traditional
start of the harvest.
The ancients may have enjoyed a bit of dry humor, given all of the
Hugo Ludeña, a researcher at the Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal
in Lima, however, thinks the frowning face represents Pacha Mama, an Earth
mother goddess who became sad when the sun set.
Benfer and his team plan to continue excavations at the Buena Vista site
STONE TOOLS USED TO BACK 'HOBBIT' THEORY
By Steve Connor, Science Editor 01 June 2006
Scientists have produced further evidence to support the
idea that a miniature species of human, nicknamed "the hobbit", lived on a
remote Indonesian island until becoming extinct more than 10,000 years
The latest study suggests the one meter-high creatures could make fairly
sophisticated stone tools despite having brains no bigger than
Specialists are divided over ancient bones found in a cave on the island
of Flores which seem to suggest that another human species lived alongside
Homo sapiens as recently as 12,000 years ago.
Skeletal remains of the creature - formally named Homo floresiensis -
suggested that adults walked upright, were about 3ft tall and, unlike
modern-day pygmies, had a small head in perfect proportion to the rest of
The most important specimen recovered from the floor of the cave at Liang
Bua in Flores was of a complete skull, although the bones of about eight
other individuals have also been dug out and analyzed.
The skull is so small that it can fit neatly into the palm of a hand. It
has a cranial capacity of just 400 cubic centimeters - about two or three
times smaller than the brain of modern humans.
Skeptics have argued that a creature with such a small brain could not
have possibly made the fine stone tools found at the same level in the
cave sediments - and presumably buried at the same time that H.
floresiensis had lived there.
Proponents of the hobbit concept have suggested that the creature used the
tools to hunt and butcher the miniature elephants, giant komodo dragons
and oversized rats, whose remains were also found alongside the human
However, last month skeptics poured scorn on the idea, saying that the
skull belonged to a person with microcephaly, a congenital disease
resulting in exceptionally small skulls and stunted growth.
James Phillips, professor of anthropology at the University of Illinois at
Chicago, said that it was wrong to suggest that the stone tools could have
been made by earlier species of humans, such as Homo erectus, a creature
that evolved more than 1.8 million years ago and predated modern humans by
many hundreds of thousands of years.
"These tools are so advanced that there is no way they were made by anyone
other than Homo sapiens," Professor Phillips said.
Now, however, another team of stone-tool experts has cast doubt on this
judgment, saying that similar stone tools have been uncovered on the
island that clearly predate the arrival of modern Homo sapiens.
Adam Brumm of the Australian National University in Canberra and his
colleagues report in the journal Nature that they have found hundreds of
almost identical stone tools at a site called Mata Menge just 30 miles
away from the Liang Bua cave. They say the tools are between 700,000 and
840,000 years old - too old to have been made by Homo sapiens - and that
the production techniques are practically identical to that used at Liang
Bua 18,000 years ago.
"The Mata Menga evidence negates claims that stone artifacts associated
with H. floresiensis are so complex that they must have been made by
modern humans," the scientists say. "Despite being separated by 30 miles
and at least 700,000 years, there are remarkable similarities between the
stone artifact assemblage from Mata Menge and that found with H.
floresiensis at Liang Bua."
No human remains have yet been found at Mata Menge so it is not clear who
made the stone tools found at the site, but the scientists point to the
only known possibility - Homo erectus. They suggest H. floresiensis could
therefore be a direct descendent of H. erectus and that the knowledge of
how to make the stone tools was passed down the generations to descendants
who had evolved into a miniature form.
"Pronouncements that H. floresiensis lacked the brain size necessary to
make stone artifacts are therefore based on preconceptions rather than
evidence," the researchers say.
Bones of contention
PILTDOWN MAN: The skull and stone tools of an apparent ape-man were dug
from gravel deposits in Piltdown, East Sussex between 1911 and 1915 and
were soon declared the "missing link" between apes and humans. In 1953, a
study showed that the artifacts were elaborate forgeries, a mixture of
human and primate bones. One of biggest scientific discoveries in human
origins was declared an embarrassing hoax.
TOUMAI MAN: French scientists discovered a six to seven million-year-old
skull in northern Chad in 2002. Formally named Sahelanthropus tchadensis,
the creature became the oldest known member of the human family. Other
scientists later dismissed it as belonging to an extinct species of ape
who did not habitually walk on two legs, a distinguishing characteristic
of the human family. The journal Science, however, voted the discovery its
Breakthrough of the Year.
DMANISI MAN: Scientists discovered several skulls of early humans dating
to about 1.8 million years ago near Dmanisi in Georgia. The small-brained
creatures belonged to a species called Homo erectus and reignited the
debate over early human migrations. One theory is that Homo erectus died
out and was replaced by Homo sapiens, another theory is that the two
species interbred and modern humans evolved not solely in Africa but in
several regions of the world.
HUMAN PORTRAIT IN PREHISTORIC VILHONNEUR CAVE
The artistic expertise achieved in the prehistoric cave at
Vilhonneur (Charente) "confirms the major importance of this site," stated
the regional archeology service of Poitou-Charente.
The interest lies "in the association between the paintings and the
contemporary human remains" that date back to the upper Paleolithic
period, 27000 years ago. The site was discovered in December 2005 by a
group of spelunkers, 25 kilometers from Angoulême.
Jean-Yves Baratin, archaeology curator for the Poitou-Charentes region,
underscored the significance of the human skeleton having been placed on
the ground inside a decorated room. This is only the second time that
human remains of that period were placed in rooms decorated with cave
A similar site was discovered in 2001 in Cussac (Dordogne), a cave that
experts have said was as important for engravings as paintings are for the
famed Lascaux caves. The Lascaux Cave is in Montignac, in the southwest
Dordogne region. It has long been considered one of the finest examples of
cave art. However, that art dates to 13,000 years, making the Vilhonneur
art much older. Another cave, Chauvet, discovered in the mid-1990s in
southeast France, features some 300 examples of Paleolithic animal art,
some dating back 31,000 years.
The remains at Vilhonneur are those of a young man. It has not yet been
determined if the cave was a tomb.
The Vilhonneur cave features a series of paintings, including one in which
a human hand, drawn with manganese or charcoal, is imprinted on the wall
by adding color around it.
A single painted face found in the cave also could be among the oldest
graphic representations of the human face. This unusual portrait, which
could be of a man, was drawn by a painter who "knew how to use an
abnormality on the surface of the cave wall and drew a face with four
black features," explained Baratin. A solidified mass surrounding the
painted elements may represent hair.
The site consists of two 9 square-meter chambers; one where the paintings
were discovered and one where the remains of five hyenas were found.
Archaeologists think that this may be part of a network of caves yet to be
Due to scientific interest in the prehistoric cave, the government took
over ownership on May 12. The priority is "for exploration and scientific
research, and therefore for the preservation of the site," explained the
Prefect of Charente, Michel Bilaud.
Vilhonneur cave will not be opened to the public.
ANCIENT ROCK ART MAY DEPICT EXPLODING STAR
By Ker Than, SPACE.com
June 6, 2006
(SPACE.com) -- A rock carving discovered in Arizona might
depict an ancient star explosion seen by Native Americans a thousand years
ago, scientists announced today. If confirmed, the rock carving, or "petroglyph"
would be the only known record in the Americas of the well-known supernova
of the year 1006.
The carving was discovered in White Tanks Regional Park just outside
Phoenix, in an area believed to have been occupied by a group of Native
Americans called the Hohokam from about 500 to 1100 A.D. The finding is
being announced today at the 208th meeting of the American Astronomical
Society in Calgary, Canada.
In the spring of 1006, stargazers in Asia, the Middle East and Europe
recorded the birth of a "new star" above the southern horizon of the night
sky, in the constellation Lupus, just south of Scorpio.
Unknown to them, what those ancient astronomers were actually witnessing
was the swan song of a star as it blew itself apart in a violent explosion
called a supernova.
Although nearly invisible today, the supernova of 1006, or SN 1006, was
perhaps the brightest stellar event ever to occur in recorded human
history. At its peak, the supernova was about the quarter the brightness
of the moon, so radiant that people could have read by its light at
midnight, scientists say.
The Hohokam petroglyph depicts symbols of a scorpion and stars that match
a model showing the relative positions of the supernova with respect to
the constellation Scorpius. The model was created by John Barentine, an
astronomer at the Apache Point Observatory in New Mexico and Gilbert
Esquerdo, a research assistant at the Planetary Science Institute in
"If confirmed, this discovery supports the idea that ancient Native
Americans were aware of changes in the night sky and moved to commemorate
them in their cultural record," said Barentine, who studies Southwest
archeology as a hobby.
Astronomer by day
Barentine thinks the finding could also help archeologists date other
petroglyphs in the Southwest and elsewhere in the world. Dating art made
by prehistoric Native Americans has traditionally been difficult because
many did not have a written language and shared little in common with the
culture and folklore of tribes that came later.
"Quantitative methods such as carbon-14 dating are alternative means to
assign ages to works of prehistoric art, but they lack precision of more
than a few decades, so any depiction in art that can be fixed to a
specific year is extremely valuable," Barentine said.
A similar petroglyph discovered near Penasco Blanco in Chaco Canyon
National Monument, New Mexico is also believed to represent a supernova,
but one that occurred later, on July 4, 1054.
EGYPTIAN TOMB REVEALS FLOWERS, NOT MUMMIES
Friday, June 30, 2006
Dug deep into white rock, the tomb is known only by the acronym KV63 --
the 63rd tomb found in the valley, a desert region near the southern city
of Luxor used as a burial ground for pharaohs, queens and nobles between
1500 and 1000 BC
LUXOR - The Associated Press - Archaeologists hoped the first tomb
discovered in the Valley of the Kings in 80 years would hold the mummy of
King Tut's mother. They opened the last of eight sarcophagi, revealing no
mummies but finding something almost as valuable: embalming materials and
ancient woven flowers.
Hushed researchers craned their necks and media scuffled inside the
stiflingly hot underground stone chamber on Wednesday as Egyptian
antiquities chief Zahi Hawass slowly cracked open the coffin's lid -- for
what scientists believe is the first time in more than 3,000 years.
But instead of a mummy, as archaeologists had expected, the coffin
revealed a tangle of fabric and rusty-colored dehydrated flowers woven
together in laurels that looked likely to crumble to dust if touched.
"I prayed to find a mummy, but when I saw this, I said it's better -- it's
really beautiful," said Nadia Lokma, chief curator of the Egyptian Museum
in Cairo. The flowers were likely the remains of garlands, often entwined
with gold strips, that ancient Egyptian royals wore around their shoulders
in both life and death, she said.
"It's very rare -- there's nothing like it in any museum. We've seen
things like it in drawings, but we've never seen this before in real life
-- it's magnificent," Lokma said.
Dug deep into white rock, the tomb is known only by the acronym KV63 --
the 63rd tomb found in the valley, a desert region near the southern city
of Luxor used as a burial ground for pharaohs, queens and nobles between
1500 and 1000 B.C.
The burial chamber was discovered accidentally last year by U.S.
archaeologists working on the neighboring tomb of Amenmeses, a late 19th
Dynasty pharaoh. It was the first uncovered since the famed tomb of King
Tutankhamen in 1922.
"For decades, archaeologists have been cleaning up tombs that were found
earlier, so it's very exciting to discover something new," said Otto
Schaden, an Egyptologist from the University of Memphis, who found the
tomb and heads excavations there.
Scientists cut a hole in the tomb's door and got their first glimpse into
the 12-foot-by-15-foot (3 1/2-meter-by-4 1/2-meter) chamber in February.
At the time, they believed it contained seven sarcophagi, but Lokma said a
total of eight were inside.
Since then, the lids of seven of the coffins -- including a tiny one built
for an infant and filled with feather-stuffed pillows -- were peeled back
one by one, revealing pottery shards and fabric but no mummies.
With the last opened on Wednesday, the tomb still had more mysteries than
Lokma hoped hieroglyphs would help scientists identify who the coffins and
tomb were made for and what happened to the bodies.
Termites had long ago devoured the wood of the final sarcophagus, leaving
only a tenth-of-an-inch-thick crust of resin frozen in the likeness of its
anonymous owner. Archaeologists strengthened the coffin by coating it with
white strips before opening it.
They will now begin analyzing the contents and transport the newly opened
coffin and two others up a steep shaft to higher ground, where the five
other sarcophagi have already been placed and where guards stand watch 24
hours a day, Lokma said.
Sixteen of the 28 funeral jars found in the tomb also have yet to be
The discovery broke the long-held belief that nothing is left to dig up in
the Valley of the Kings.
Hawass, who heads the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities, said he
believed the new tomb could have belonged to King Tut's mother. Closely
related Egyptian royals tended to be buried near each other and graves of
the rest of Tut's family have already been found, he said.
"It would make sense, his tomb is so close that it looks like he chose to
be buried next to his mother," who died years before the young king,
The tomb may also have been used as a secret embalming chamber under later
pharaohs before being forgotten for centuries, Lokma said.
Though the new discovery did not compare with the marvels of golden masks,
jewels and statues found in Tut's tomb, experts said it was a major
scientific discovery that could ultimately catapult understanding of
"These discoveries are always very thrilling, because they give us a new
glimpse into the ancient Egyptians' universe, and can push scientific
research forward," Lokma said.
ASTRONOMERS GET FIRST GOOD LOOK AT NEAR-EARTH ASTEROID
June 2, 2006
Last November the Japanese spacecraft Hayabusa made the first ever attempt
to land on an asteroid and collect a sample to bring back to Earth.
Although it is not yet known whether the sampling was successful, the
mission has provided scientists with an unprecedented close-up view of a
near-Earth asteroid, detailed in several papers published today in the
The asteroid Itokawa is typical of the thousands of asteroids with
Earth-crossing orbits. "This mission is so important because it's the
first visit we've ever had to an asteroid of this size. It's the smallest,
most common type of asteroid. It's the size that we care about. If one of
these strikes the earth, it could potentially cause a global catastrophe,"
says Erik Asphaug, an asteroid expert at the University of California,
Santa Cruz, who is not associated with the mission.
Roughly 500 meters long, Itokawa is composed of loosely packed rocky
rubble, barely held together under the asteroid's own gravity. Despite
predictions by some experts that most asteroids should have such a
rubble-pile structure (the result of millions of years of deep space
collisions), this is the first time an asteroid of this type has been
directly observed. Those studied previously were all found to be solid
chunks of rock. Itokawa, however, probably coalesced out of the debris
from collisions between these larger objects. Like all asteroids, its
mineral composition offers a glimpse of the building blocks of the solar
system. Earth and the other inner planets formed from chunks of rock that
were similar to Itokawa, made up of the silicates olivine and pyroxene, as
well as iron.
Though the Hayabusa mission's data collection was a tremendous success,
the scientists at the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) are less
certain about the sampling attempts. A small amount of debris may have
been captured as the spacecraft bounced off the asteroid in the first of
two touchdowns, so the JAXA team is now attempting to steer it back to
Earth. The craft, however, was seriously crippled in a series of setbacks;
with no battery power and very little fuel, it will no longer arrive next
summer as originally planned. Scientists will have to wait until 2010 to
examine what could be the first bits of asteroid ever brought to Earth.
ASTEROID PROVIDES PRISTINE RECORD OF SOLAR SYSTEM'S HISTORY
by Staff Writers
Ann Arbor MH (SPX) Jun 02, 2006
A small, near-Earth asteroid named Itokawa is just a pile of floating
rubble, probably created from the breakup of an ancient planet, according
to a University of Michigan researcher was part of the Japanese space
The finding suggests that asteroids created from rubble would be pristine
records of early planet formation.
Daniel Scheeres, U-M associate professor of aerospace engineering, was
part of the team that determined the asteroid's mass, surface environment,
and gravitational pull and helped interpret the images that were taken of
the asteroid from the spacecraft. Some of the findings will be discussed
in a special issue of the journal Science on June 2. The mission is led by
the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.
The Hayabusa space probe arrived at asteroid Itokawa last fall and orbited
for three months. During that time it descended twice to the surface of
the asteroid, which is named for the father of Japanese rocketry, to
In 2010 the probe will return to Earth and eject a sample canister that
will reenter the atmosphere and land in central Australia. Researchers
hope this will be the first asteroid sample brought back to Earth.
Scheeres said that the confirmation of Itokawa's makeup as rubble rather
than a single rock has large implications for theories of how asteroids
evolved, and will lead to a better understanding of the early solar
system. Asteroids are thought to be the remnants of material that formed
the inner planets, which include Earth, and could bear the record of
events in the early stages of planet formation.
It is a significant finding that Itokawa is a pile of rocks ranging in
size from tiny sand grains all the way up to boulders 50 meters wide,
because it verifies a number of theories about the makeup and history of
The existence of very large boulders and pillars suggests that an earlier
"parent" asteroid was shattered by a collision and then re-formed into a
rubble pile, the researchers conclude in the paper.
It's likely that most asteroids have a similar past, Scheeres said.
"Analysis of the asteroid samples will give us a snapshot of the early
solar system, and provide valuable clues on how the planets were formed."
Also, knowing if an asteroid is a single, big rock or a pile of rubble
will have a major influence on how to nudge it off course, Scheeres said,
should its orbit be aimed at Earth. An asteroid collision with Earth,
while unlikely, could have disastrous consequences. It's widely thought
that an asteroid collision caused the mass extinction of dinosaurs 65
million years ago, so some have discussed ways to demolish or steer an
approaching asteroid, should we see one coming.
Another striking finding, Scheeres said, is that regions of Itokawa's
surface are smooth, "almost like a sea of desert sand" and others are very
rugged. This indicates that the surfaces of asteroids are, in some sense,
active, with material being moved from one region to another. Gravity
holds the mass of rubble together.
"These are the first such detailed observations of an asteroid from this
close," Scheeres said.
NORWAY METEOR IMPACT
The Aftenposten newspaper in Norway reports [article below] that early
Wednesday morning, the country was struck by a meteor that had the
explosive force of the atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima in 1945.
The meteor hit the side of a mountain. There are no reports of damage or
casualties, but if the impact was as great as it appears, it is one of the
most significant such events in decades.
Aftenposten quoted Norwegian astronomer Knut Jørgen Røed Ødegaard as
saying, "There were ground tremors, a house shook and a curtain was blown
into the house. This is simply exceptional. I cannot imagine that we have
had such a powerful meteorite impact in Norway in modern times. If the
meteorite was as large as it seems to have been, we can compare it to the
Hiroshima bomb. Of course the meteorite is not radioactive, but in
explosive force we may be able to compare it to the (atomic) bomb."
Ødegaard seemed surprised by the fact that no astronomer anywhere in the
world was aware that this meteor was on its way.
Ødegaard said the meteorite was visible for over 100 miles. Despite the
fact that in summer, the midnight sky in Norway stays lit up by the sun,
the meteor flash was witnessed by almost everyone in the country.
Residents of the northern part of Norway, especially, reported seeing a
"ball of fire" that took several seconds to streak across the sky.
Peter Bruvold, who caught the meteor on camera, says, "I saw a brilliant
flash of light in the sky, and this became a light with a tail of smoke."
He then heard an enormous crash. He says, "I heard the bang seven minutes
later. It sounded like when you set off a solid charge of dynamite a
kilometer (over half a mile) away."
RECORD METEORITE HIT NORWAY
As Wednesday morning dawned, northern Norway was hit with an impact
comparable to the atomic bomb used on Hiroshima.
Peter Bruvold witnessed the meteorite streaking across the night sky.
The map shows the meteorite's direction of fall (the arrow) and the
possible impact area over Troms and Finnmark counties:
At around 2:05 a.m. on Wednesday, residents of the northern part of Troms
and the western areas of Finnmark could clearly see a ball of fire taking
several seconds to travel across the sky.
A few minutes later an impact could be heard and geophysics and seismology
research foundation NORSAR registered a powerful sound and seismic
disturbances at 02:13.25 a.m. at their station in Karasjok.
Farmer Peter Bruvold was out on his farm in Lyngseidet with a camera
because his mare Virika was about to foal for the first time.
"I saw a brilliant flash of light in the sky, and this became a light with
a tail of smoke," Bruvold told Aftenposten.no. He photographed the object
and then continued to tend to his animals when he heard an enormous crash.
"I heard the bang seven minutes later. It sounded like when you set off a
solid charge of dynamite a kilometer (0.62 miles) away," Bruvold said.
Astronomers were excited by the news
"There were ground tremors, a house shook and a curtain was blown into the
house," Norway's best known astronomer Knut Jørgen Røed Ødegaard told
Røed Ødegaard said the meteorite was visible to an area of several hundred
kilometers despite the brightness of the midnight sunlit summer sky. The
meteorite hit a mountainside in Reisadalen in North Troms.
"This is simply exceptional. I cannot imagine that we have had such a
powerful meteorite impact in Norway in modern times. If the meteorite was
as large as it seems to have been, we can compare it to the Hiroshima
bomb. Of course the meteorite is not radioactive, but in explosive force
we may be able to compare it to the (atomic) bomb," Røed Ødegaard said.
The astronomer believes the meteorite was a giant rock and probably the
largest known to have struck Norway.
"The record was the Alta meteorite that landed in 1904. That one was 90
kilos (198 lbs) but we think the meteorite that landed Wednesday was
considerably larger," Røed Ødegaard said, and urged members of the public
who saw the object or may have found remnants to contact the Institute of
Aftenposten's Norwegian reporter: Nina Lødemel
HERE'S WHERE THE METEORITE HIT
Residents of the Norwegian county of Nord-Troms were shaken when a
meteorite struck the valley of Reisadalen last week. Experts are debating
its impact, but they've found the site where it hit the ground.
This is where last week's meteorite is believed to have hit, at Reisadalen, east of Tromsø.
OLA SOLVANG / NORDLYS
An astronomer at the University of Oslo, Knut Jørgen Røed Ødegaard, told
Aftenposten.no last week that he thought the meteorite that was
photographed streaking through the sky could have had the same impact as
the atomic bomb that hit Hiroshima in 1945.
"Of course the meteorite is not radioactive, but in explosive force we may
be able to compare it to the (atomic) bomb," Røed Ødegaard said.
Truls Lynne Hansen of the Northern Lights Observatory (Nordlysobservatoriet)
in Tromsø disputes Røed Ødegaard's description, calling it an
"Our atmosphere is peppered with small stones from outer space all the
time," Hansen told newspaper Aftenposten. "Most burn up and disappear, but
some land here."
He thinks that what hit northern Norway last week was a stone weighing
around 12 kilos (about 26 pounds). "Out in space it generated enormous
speed, but after entering our atmosphere its tempo eased," Hansen said.
"This kind of meteorite isn't radioactive and it's not glowing when it
hits the ground."
The meteorite, whatever its size, created a stir nonetheless. Norway's
Defense Ministry tries to track all flying objects and be prepared via
radar on land, at sea and in the air.
"We can observe such meteorites," said John Espen Lien of the northern
military command in Bodø. "But everything happens so fast, and most of
them disappear before they hit the ground."
Aftenposten's reporter Ole Magnus Rapp
COSMIC DEFENSE IDEA: FIGHT ASTEROIDS WITH ASTEROIDS
By Robert Roy Britt, Senior Science Writer
20 June 2006
In a Space Age version of fighting fire with fire, French scientists have
suggested using one asteroid to destroy another rather than letting Earth
get pummeled. The offbeat plan is intentionally incomplete and would allow
the planet to be showered by fragments. But it might be better than a
No asteroids are presently known to be on collision courses with Earth.
But existing holes in the ground suggest that inevitably one will
eventually be found. There is no firm plan for how to deflect or destroy
an incoming asteroid, though scientists have pondered firing rockets at
them, moving them gently with solar sails, or nudging them with nuclear
Lock and load
The new idea is to capture a relatively small
asteroid—perhaps 100 feet (30 meters) wide—by sending a robot to it. The
robot would heave material from the asteroid's surface into space, and the
reaction force would gradually direct the asteroid to a Lagrange point,
one of a handful of nodes along Earth's orbit where the gravity of Earth
and the Sun balance out. Scientists know that objects can be kept stable
at a Lagrange point with little or no energy.
The captured rocky weapon would be held there, traveling around the Sun
ahead of or behind the Earth, held until needed.
Then, if a large asteroid threatens to hit us, the small one is moved into
its path, using the same heaving technique. The rocks collide, and the big
one is broken into somewhat less harmful bits. The collision disperses
the fragments of the incoming asteroid, so that not all of them hit the
Depending on the relative masses of the two
objects, between 10 and 20 percent of the incoming asteroid mass would
still hit, "but the fragments would be dispersed all over the Earth and,
hopefully, none would be large enough to reach the ground with a large
remaining destructive power," said Didier Massonnet of the CNES research
center in France.
Massonnet and colleague Benoit Meyssignac say the collision should be
engineered to occur at least 620,000 miles (1 million kilometers) from
Earth and would take about eight months to execute from the Lagrange
The plan is detailed in the July-September, 2006 issue of the journal Acta
Astronautica. The researchers first floated it at a scientific conference
last fall. One small asteroid that could fit the bill already been
identified; it is called 2000 SG344, and Massonnet suspects there are many
others that would work.
Fuel for thought
The researchers admit their entire scheme is not
quite ready for prime time.
"We are more confident in our capability to capture the asteroid than in
our capability to redirect it to an incoming body," Massonnet told
SPACE.com. "The scenario of this last stage requires further studies on
the very unstable trajectories which will be required."
Meanwhile, there is another aspect to the plan that could make it
Material mined from a small, nearby asteroid could provide liquid oxygen
for other space missions more efficiently than mining it from the Moon,
which other researchers have proposed. Liquid oxygen could be used as fuel
at a cosmic gas station that would allow spacecraft to be launched from
Earth with much smaller tanks and therefore more cheaply.
Other researchers have suggesting mining asteroids for their metals.
"Several thousands of tons of oxygen might become available sitting on the
outer rim of Earth's gravity field," the researchers write.
JUNE FORMATIONS FROM THE CROP CIRCLE CONNECTOR
It is now summer in the northern hemisphere, and with summer comes crop
circle season. The links below direct you to the Crop Circle Connector,
where you can see photos and read analyses of the formations.
9 June - North Farm, nr West Overton, Wiltshire
11 June - Waterditch Farm, nr Christchurch, Dorset
21 June - Silbury Hill, Nr Avebury, Wiltshire
21 June - Cess Road, Nr Martham, Norfolk
22 June - Lower Blue Bell Hill nr Aylesford, Kent
24 June - The Pilgrims Way, Burham nr. Maidstone Kent
30 June - Avebury Trusloe, nr Beckhampton, Wiltshire
17 June - Waterloo, near the "lion's mound" Belgium
8 June - Vrhovljan
15 June - Southern Finland
16 June - Les Deux-Sèvres (79) - La Mothe Saint Héray
21 June - Doernberg, near Kassel, Hessen
28 June Osimo - Castelfidardo (Ancona)
23 June Cerchio nel grano a Lizzano (Cesena)
10 June - Huntingburg, Dubois County, Indiana
2 June - Herington, Kansas
BIGFOOT IN ILLINOIS
Does Bigfoot live in Illinois?
June 14, 2006 - Professional "Bigfoot" trackers have returned to central
Illinois, looking for Sasquatch after reports of more activity.
Tom Biscaridi and his crew are in a McLean County forest looking for
tracks, droppings and split trees. He says there are a lot of signs of the
creature of folklore and he believes he's getting closer to tracking him
Biscaridi even brought a hand with him that he thinks could be from the
elusive creature. A man who reported a sighting in the woods says it was a
mother and baby Bigfoot.
The team's last sightings in the area were in February. They plan to
continue to come back to gather more evidence and set up traps. They're
also using infrared glasses and heat-seeking devices. They hope their
search will bring Bigfoot out of legend and into the light.
DRAGONS IN THE WATER
Dragon boat festivals are once again underway all across Canada, and while
tens of thousands of people will attend the events, very few are familiar
with the ancient history of the tradition.
The festivals, or rituals, started approximately 2500 years ago in
southern China along the banks of the Yangtze River and were originally
carried out to please the Asian water dragon deity. The rituals often
included human sacrifices and violent battles between crew members of
competing boats who hurled stones and struck opponents with bamboo sticks.
It was considered to be unlucky if there wasn't at least one drowning
during the course of the event.
The Asian water dragon is not alone in its class. In Canada alone there
are many stories and eyewitness accounts of aquatic beasts comparable to
the Chinese water dragon. These aquatic beastie boys and girls have been
given names; Ogopogo, Champ, Manipogo, Kempenfelt Kelly, The Cadboro Bay
Sea Serpent, The Thetis Lake Monster, The Lake Erie Monster, The Wendigo,
The New Brunswick Lake Utopia Monster — the list goes on.
The number of eye witness accounts of these underwater monstrosities
coming to the surface is staggering, yet even with the help of giant nets,
submarines, underwater cameras, sonar, and crews of observers no solid
evidence has been ever been obtained to prove that these monsters exist.
The most famous of Canadian aquatic beasts is undoubtedly Ogopogo of Lake
Okanagan, located in the south central interior of British Columbia.
According to numerous sightings each year, Ogopogo is 20 to 50 feet long
with a horse shaped head and snake-like body and favors an area of the
lake south of Kelowna near Peachland. The indigenous people of BC knew of
the monster which they called N'ha-a-itk, or Lake Demon, long before
European settlers came to Canada. They placed the monster's lair at a cave
under Squally Point near Rattlesnake Island. According to Ogopogo expert
Arlne Gaal, the First Nations' custom of offering a small animal to
appease the lake demon when traveling near the lair was adopted by
fearful European settlers who also patrolled the shoreline, in case the
Lake Champlain, a lake mostly within the borders of the United States but
stretching north into Quebec, is home to another oceanic oddity: Champ.
There have been over 240 sightings of Champ, the first of which, by
Sheriff Nathan H. Mooney in 1883, reported a gigantic water serpent over
25 feet in length which rose five feet out of the water. Other
eyewitnesses present at this event were close enough to clearly see round
white spots inside the creature's mouth.
Another beast from Quebec goes by the name of Memphre. Lake Memphremagog,
home to Memphre, stretches 33 miles from Newport, Vermont to Magog,
Quebec. There has been an average of eight sightings per year of this
particular prehistoric pond dweller, the fist of which dates back to 1816.
One of the most compelling recent sightings was reported in July 1996 when
four people in two boats saw a 20 foot long creature with several humps
swim approximately 50 yards between their boats and the shore. A similar
sighting of the beast took place three hours before and was seen by three
persons standing on shore. To date there have been more than 215 reported
and documented sightings
Manipogo, of Lake Manitoba, has a history dating back to 1908. There have
been numerous sightings of the creature which is rumored to be snake-like
in appearance with a long tubular body and a head comparable to a sheep's.
In the 1950's the Manitoba Government launched an official expedition to
search for the serpent to no avail. A photograph taken by two fishermen in
1962 showed what they said was an image of Manipogo, but was not clear
enough to be considered verifiable proof.
Thetis Lake is a very popular swimming destination for Vancouver Islanders
during the summertime, and is also the reputed home of the Thetis Lake
Monster, a fact widely unknown among swimmers. This freakishly scary fiend
of a fish is quite different from most lake monsters in that it has a
humanoid body similar to that of the beast from the film The Creature from
the Black Lagoon. In 1972, two teenagers on the shore of the lake said
they witnessed a scaly, humanoid form suddenly rise from the water. The
two teens turned and took off, but the creature caught up and cut one the
boy's hands with a barbed fin on its skull.
There are many theories that attempt to explain these unsolved modern
mysteries. Many believe that the monsters are relics from another time;
prehistoric beasts who survived the ages. Some say the creatures are
spiritual guardians who protect their sacred aquatic turf. Others believe
that they are an undiscovered species of long necked seal. There has been
much speculation that the monsters are actually plesiosaurs; aquatic
dinosaurs from the Triassic period (over 200 million years ago). Still,
most people are skeptical and believe that the beasts are nothing more
than floating logs, strange reflections off of waves, or flat out hoaxes.
One notable similarity among these elusive entities can be found in the
places they are rumored to dwell. Almost all of the river and lake
systems that the monsters call their home are, or have been at some point,
connected to the sea. They also all harbor, or have harbored migratory
fish, and are deep, cold bodies of water.
So, if your summer plans this year include outdoor water sports, you might
want to think twice before jumping in — you never know what might be
waiting for you just below the surface.
SOURCE: Epoch Times
Conspiracy Journal 6/23/06
THE TROPICS MAY BE EXPANDING
Newswise — Atmospheric temperature measurements by U.S. weather satellites
indicate Earth’s hot, tropical zone has expanded farther from the equator
since 1979, says a study by scientists from the University of Utah and
University of Washington.
Researchers say the apparent north-south widening of the tropics amounts
to 2 degrees of latitude or 140 miles. But they do not know yet if the
tropical expansion was triggered by natural climate variation or by
human-caused phenomena such as depletion of the atmosphere’s ozone layer
or global warming due to the greenhouse effect.
The study is being published in the Friday May 26 issue of the journal
“It’s a big deal. The tropics may be expanding and getting larger,” says
study co-author Thomas Reichler, an assistant professor of meteorology at
the University of Utah. “If this is true, it also would mean that
subtropical deserts are expanding into heavily populated mid-latitude
Droughts and unusually dry conditions in recent years in the subtropical
American Southwest and Mediterranean Europe may be related to expansion of
the tropics, he added.
Reichler conducted the study with principal author Qiang Fu, who earned
his Ph.D. degree at the University of Utah and now is an associate
professor of atmospheric sciences at the University of Washington in
Seattle. Other co-authors were Professor John M. Wallace and graduate
student Celeste Johanson, also atmospheric scientists at Washington.
Satellites Take Earth’s Temperature
Reichler said the study makes no conclusion
about the cause of the tropical expansion, but is purely observational,
based on 1979-2005 measurements by the TIROS-N and NOAA 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12 and 14 weather satellites. NOAA is the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration, parent agency of the National Weather Service.
There has been debate over the interpretation of atmospheric temperature
measurements collected by microwave sounding units (MSUs) on the weather
satellites. But Science reported in a May 12 news story (“No Doubt About
It, the World Is Warming,” page 825) that scientists with competing views
hashed out their differences and now agree the weather satellite data show
warming of the lower atmosphere, or troposphere, which extends from the
ground up to 55,000 feet at the equator and 23,000 feet at the poles.
While those measurements dealt with global averages, the new study shows
specifically that Earth’s mid-latitudes got about 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit
warmer during the past 26 years, suggesting there has been a change in the
average position of the subtropical jet streams. These rivers of air – one
in the Northern Hemisphere and one in the Southern Hemisphere – move west
to east and mark the meteorological transition from tropical to
“We analyzed 26-year-long satellite measurements of atmospheric
temperatures and found a distinct and very robust pattern of warming,
which suggests that each subtropical jet stream has moved poleward by
about 1 degree latitude,” Reichler says. “This poleward movement took
place over both hemispheres, indicating that the tropics have been
widening. … Independent [weather balloon] observations of the atmosphere
confirm these findings.”
He adds: “The possible expansion of the tropics may be a totally new
aspect of climate change. We don’t know for sure what triggered it. My
research is investigating whether it is related to global warming or not.
… One can certainly think of various mechanisms of how global
warming-related changes in the atmosphere could induce the changes we see.
But it’s very speculative at this point. That’s what our research is going
to look at.”
The tropical zone is defined geographically as the portion of Earth’s
surface characterized by hot weather and located between the Tropic of
Cancer at 23.5 degrees north latitude and the Tropic of Capricorn at 23.5
degrees south latitude. But meteorologists generally consider the tropics
extend 30 degrees latitude north and south of the equator.
The subtropics – which also tend to have hot climates – are the indefinite
belts in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres that are between tropical
and temperate zones. The U.S. desert Southwest is considered subtropical,
Earth has two polar jet streams at polar latitudes, one in each
hemisphere, and two subtropical jet streams closer to the equator, also
one in each hemisphere. The jet streams, at altitudes of roughly 30,000
feet, are relatively narrow streams or tubes of high-speed air moving
generally west-to-east, but in a path that meanders widely in a
north-south direction. They represent boundaries between warm, tropical
air masses and cooler air closer to the poles. In the Northern Hemisphere,
the polar jet stream generally is found between 30 degrees and 70 degrees
north latitude, while the subtropical jet stream generally is confined
between 20 degrees and 50 degrees north latitude.
The average position of each subtropical jet stream marks the location of
dry, subtropical desert regions on the land below, such as southwestern
United States. But in winter, Pacific cyclones can move along the track of
the jet, bringing storms to California.
Pushing the Subtropical Jets toward the Poles
The study implies that warmer
mid-latitude temperatures mean the
subtropical jet streams have moved farther from the equator based on the
idea that warmer air makes the lower atmosphere, or troposphere, expand
and bulge upward. Thus, warmer mid-latitude temperatures create a bulge
that pushes the subtropical jet streams toward the poles.
The study found that while the lower atmosphere or troposphere at
mid-latitudes got warmer during the past 25 years, the overlying
stratosphere got cooler.
“This pattern of warming in the troposphere where we live and cooling of
the stratosphere above may actually cause a change of the jet positions,”
Global warming might cause tropical expansion another way, he adds. The El
Nino climate phenomenon – characterized by a pool of warm water in the
western tropical Pacific moving eastward toward the Americas – often
causes warmer, drier summers at mid-latitudes. Other studies have shown
tropical sea surface temperatures have warmed during the past 25 years. If
ocean warming by El Nino can cause warmer, drier summers, then so should a
general increase in tropical ocean temperatures – a possible mechanism for
tropical expansion, Reichler says.
The researchers considered the possibility that the 26-year warming trend
might be an illusion caused by data from the strong El Nino of 1997, which
caused record mid-latitude temperatures in 1998. But the mid-latitude
warming trend remained even when data from the 1997 El Nino was excluded.
If global warming isn’t responsible for tropical expansion, another
possible cause is the depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer due to
pollutants such as refrigerant gases. Ozone loss cools the stratosphere
while the troposphere warms – the same pattern from global warming due to
FASTER ATMOSPHERIC WARMING IN SUBTROPICS PUSHES JET STREAMS
Newswise — The atmosphere is warming faster in subtropical areas, around
30 degrees north and south latitude, than it is elsewhere, University of
Washington-led research shows. But scientists examining more than 25 years
of satellite data also found that each hemisphere's jet stream has moved
toward the pole by about 1 degree of latitude, or 70 miles. That could
widen the tropics and expand some of the world's driest regions, they say.
"It is direct observational evidence of atmospheric circulation changes
seen from satellites," said Qiang Fu, a University of Washington associate
professor of atmospheric sciences and lead author of a paper detailing the
findings in the May 26 edition of the journal Science.
Co-author John M. Wallace, a UW atmospheric sciences professor, said it is
not clear yet whether the movement of the jet streams is key evidence for
global warming or just an anomaly. He said more work is needed to
understand precisely why the jet streams are moving, but he added that if
the movement continues the long-term impact on rainfall could be serious.
"The jet streams mark the edge of the tropics, so if they are moving
poleward that means the tropics are getting wider," Wallace said. "If they
move another 2 to 3 degrees poleward in this century, very dry areas such
as the Sahara Desert could nudge farther toward the pole, perhaps by a few
The researchers analyzed satellite temperature data collected from 1979
through 2005 and found the troposphere was warming faster in a band around
30 degrees north latitude – which crosses the southern United States,
southern China and north Africa – and around 30 degrees south latitude –
which crosses southern Australia, South Africa and southern South America.
The troposphere is the layer from the Earth's surface to about 7.5 miles
in altitude, the part of the atmosphere in which most weather occurs.
While a poleward shift of jet streams is a strongly supported prediction
by computer models of 21st century climate, the models also show the
fastest warming will occur in the tropical upper troposphere. Instead, the
research found that warming was actually a bit faster at 30 degrees
latitude in both hemispheres than over the equator. The enhanced warming
at 30 degrees latitude has helped to reshape the atmosphere's pressure
surfaces in a way that pushed the jet streams toward the poles, Fu said.
The position of the jet streams – the band of strongest westerly winds
aloft – is important because it determines the northern and southern
limits of the major wet and dry belts on the surface.
Other authors of the paper are Celeste Johanson, a UW atmospheric sciences
research assistant and graduate student, and Thomas Reichler, an assistant
professor of meteorology at the University of Utah. The work was supported
by grants from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The scientists examined measurements from devices called
microwave-sounding units on NOAA satellites. The satellites use similar
equipment and techniques to measure microwave radiation emitted by oxygen
in the atmosphere and determine its temperature.
Fu and colleagues previously analyzed these measurements to show that the
troposphere actually is warming as much as the Earth's surface, a key
piece of evidence to demonstrate that the Earth is warming faster than can
be accounted for by natural processes.
The new research suggests that faster subtropical warming of the
troposphere, which moves the jet streams, also could shift mid-latitude
storm tracks poleward, Wallace said. That could reduce winter
precipitation in regions such as southern Europe, including the Alps, and
Fu noted the research also appears to show that enhanced warming in the
troposphere corresponds closely with enhanced cooling in a higher
atmospheric layer called the stratosphere, which extends from about 7.5
miles in altitude to about 31 miles.
"It's a very intriguing problem, why the increase in tropospheric
temperatures and the decrease in stratospheric temperatures in the
subtropical region happens in tandem, almost exactly," he said.
EVIDENCE OF EARLY GLACIAL DEVELOPMENT, HISTORY OF
ANTARCTIC ICE SHEET REVISED
Newswise — Syracuse University Professors Linda C. Ivany and Scott D.
Samson along with colleagues at the University of Leuven in Belgium and
Hamilton College have found evidence that expands our understanding about
how the ice sheet covering most of Antarctica really began. Their findings
were published in the article “Evidence for an Earliest Oligocene Ice
Sheet on the Antarctic Peninsula,” in the May 2006 issue of the journal,
Geology. The research was supported by funding from the National Science
Foundation’s Office of Polar Programs.
“One of the most fundamental climate shifts that this planet has undergone
since the events that precipitated the extinction of the dinosaurs is the
‘greenhouse to icehouse transition’—the time when Earth went from having
virtually no ice on it at all to one with a more or less permanent ice
sheet covering Antarctica,” says Ivany, professor of earth science in The
College of Arts and Sciences at SU and principal investigator on the
project. “This happened about 34 million years ago, and is marked by
dramatic changes in the chemistry of the oceans and the appearance of ‘ice
rafted debris’ in ocean sediments around Antarctica, carried there by
icebergs from land that floated out and melted far from the continent,
releasing the sand and rock that had been frozen into them.”
Though scientists are quite sure that glaciers grew on Antarctica at this
time, it is not clear where that ice was, nor how much of it there was
initially. This is because most of the continent is now under the ice, and
it is difficult to find places where sediments are exposed that record
this interval of time.
Until now, the assumption has been that glaciers were confined to the
eastern part of Antarctica, where the biggest ice sheet is today. Ivany’s
research team found evidence that glaciers may have covered a much bigger
area at the early stages of this transition. Sediments on Seymour Island,
off the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, have been dated to just
this time, and show features characteristic of deposition by glacial ice.
Because this island is at the far northern reaches of the Peninsula, in
western Antarctica, they suggest that the initial pulse of glaciation was
far more extensive than originally suspected.
Scientists believe that growth of the Antarctic ice sheet was initiated by
a drop in greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere in combination
with a change in ocean circulation caused by South America pulling away
from Antarctica. The climatic response to these gradual changes now
appears to be even bigger than previously thought, showing that Earth
cooled fast enough to allow the growth of ice on the entire continent all
Ivany’s team concludes that because Earth’s climate system is capable of
shifting this rapidly and dramatically to such a new and different state,
their discovery may provide an insight into how things could change in the
future if we continue to alter our environment.
To view the article in Geology, visit the journal’s website at
VOLCANIC ACTIVITY INCREASING RAPIDLY
Volcanic activity in the Pacific Ring of Fire appears to be increasing as
volcanoes in Japan and New Zealand become active and eight volcanoes in
the Philippines are put on the watch list.
Mt. Merapi on the island of Java continues to emit large quantities of
gasses and magma, endangering the lives of thousands who live on its
Meanwhile, Mt. Sakurajima in southern Japan erupted yesterday at 5:30 PM
local time. Sakurajima is one of Japan's most active volcanoes.
The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology announced that it
was monitoring eight volcanoes that are showing eruptive signs. Philvocs
Director Renato Solidum said that the increased volcanism in the country
could lead to "strong earthquakes." Volcanic activity is often associated
with quakes, as was true on Java two weeks ago, when a 6.2 quake related
to Mt. Merapi's activity severely damaged local towns and cities, leaving
more than 6,000 people dead, 36,000 injured and nearly half a million
Volcanologists are also began monitoring Mount Ngauruhoe, one of New
Zealand's most active volcanoes, after seismographs on Wednesday showed a
rise in the frequency and magnitude of earthquakes in the area.
Ngauruhoe periodically emits steam and gas but has not erupted since
Many of the volcanoes that are either erupting or on watch lists are
normally active, but it is not normal for so many to become active at
once. Scientists speculate that rising sea levels due to melt of glacial
and continental ice will contribute to increased volcanism, but have not
expected that the small sea level rise seen so far would be responsible
UPDATE: New Scientist Magazine reports that one way to know if a volcano
is going to blow is to look for tall, green plants at the place where the
magma is likely to rupture. Satellites reveal that plants grow taller and
greener in the “seams” that eventually split open during an eruption.
PLANTS PREDICT WHERE RUMBLING VOLCANOES WILL BLOW
09 June 2006
NewScientist.com news service
WANT to know where a rumbling volcano is likely to split at
the seams? Look for the tallest and greenest plants.
Vigorous plant growth on the flanks of a volcano like that at Rabaul,
Papua New Guinea (above), can indicate where magma is most likely to spurt
out. Satellite images reveal that shrubs and trees grow taller and greener
along stripes where the volcano eventually ruptures.
Nicolas Houlié from the University of California, Berkeley, and his
colleagues studied satellite images of Mount Etna in Sicily and Mount
Nyiragongo in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. When they compared
before and after pictures of the volcanoes they found a significant
increase in plant reflectivity and greenness along the eruption fissures.
These changes were visible up to two years before the eruptions, the team
says in a forthcoming issue of Earth and Planetary Science Letters.
Theories for why this pattern of growth occurs include better water supply
in the cracks where the plants grow, and more carbon dioxide seeping out
of the ground.
"I was happy to see this paper as this technique could apply to many
volcanoes and be of great help," says Agust Gudmundsson, a volcanologist
at the University of Göttingen in Germany. Knowing which way lava is
likely to flow would help in planning evacuations.
From issue 2555 of New Scientist magazine, 09 June 2006, page 22
"HIGH CONFIDENCE" IN SURFACE TEMPERATURE
SINCE 1600 A.D.
Chair Gerald North speaks at a public briefing
(National Academies/John Bavier)
June 22 -- There is sufficient evidence from tree rings, retreating
glaciers, and other "proxies" to say with confidence that the last few
decades of the 20th century were warmer than any comparable period in the
last 400 years, according to a new National Research Council report. There
is less confidence in reconstructions of surface temperatures from 1600
back to A.D. 900, and very little confidence in findings on average
temperatures before then.
'HIGH CONFIDENCE' THAT PLANET IS WARMEST IN 400 YEARS;
Less Confidence in Temperature Reconstructions Prior
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Date: June 22, 2006
WASHINGTON -- There is sufficient evidence from tree rings,
boreholes, retreating glaciers, and other "proxies" of past surface
temperatures to say with a high level of confidence that the last few
decades of the 20th century were warmer than any comparable period in the
last 400 years, according to a new report from the National Research
Council. Less confidence can be placed in proxy-based reconstructions of
surface temperatures for A.D. 900 to 1600, said the committee that wrote
the report, although the available proxy evidence does indicate that many
locations were warmer during the past 25 years than during any other
25-year period since 900. Very little confidence can be placed in
statements about average global surface temperatures prior to A.D. 900
because the proxy data for that time frame are sparse, the committee
Scientists rely on proxies to reconstruct paleoclimatic surface
temperatures because geographically widespread records of temperatures
measured with instruments date back only about 150 years. Other proxies
include corals, ocean and lake sediments, ice cores, cave deposits, and
documentary sources, such as historic drawings of glaciers. The globally
averaged warming of about 1 degree Fahrenheit (0.6 degrees Celsius) that
instruments have recorded during the last century is also reflected in
proxy data for that time period, the committee noted.
The report was requested by Congress after a controversy arose last year
over surface temperature reconstructions published by climatologist
Michael Mann and his colleagues in the late 1990s. The researchers
concluded that the warming of the Northern Hemisphere in the last decades
of the 20th century was unprecedented in the past thousand years. In
particular, they concluded that the 1990s were the warmest decade, and
1998 the warmest year. Their graph depicting a rise in temperatures at the
end of a long era became known as the "hockey stick."
The Research Council committee found the Mann team's conclusion that
warming in the last few decades of the 20th century was unprecedented over
the last thousand years to be plausible, but it had less confidence that
the warming was unprecedented prior to 1600; fewer proxies -- in fewer
locations -- provide temperatures for periods before then. Because of
larger uncertainties in temperature reconstructions for decades and
individual years, and because not all proxies record temperatures for such
short timescales, even less confidence can be placed in the Mann team's
conclusions about the 1990s, and 1998 in particular.
The committee noted that scientists' reconstructions of Northern
Hemisphere surface temperatures for the past thousand years are generally
consistent. The reconstructions show relatively warm conditions centered
around the year 1000, and a relatively cold period, or "Little Ice Age,"
from roughly 1500 to 1850. The exact timing of warm episodes in the
medieval period may have varied by region, and the magnitude and
geographical extent of the warmth is uncertain, the committee said. None
of the reconstructions indicates that temperatures were warmer during
medieval times than during the past few decades, the committee added.
The scarcity of precisely dated proxy evidence for temperatures before
1600, especially in the Southern Hemisphere, is the main reason there is
less confidence in global reconstructions dating back further than that.
Other factors that limit confidence include the short length of the
instrumental record, which is used to calibrate and validate
reconstructions, and the possibility that the relationship between proxy
data and local surface temperatures may have varied over time. It also is
difficult to estimate a mean global temperature using data from a limited
number of sites. On the other hand, confidence in large-scale
reconstructions is boosted by the fact that the proxies on which they are
based generally exhibit strong correlations with local environmental
conditions. Confidence increases further when multiple independent lines
of evidence point to the same general phenomenon, such as the Little Ice
Collecting additional proxy data, especially for years before 1600 and for
areas where the current data are relatively sparse, would increase our
understanding of temperature variations over the last 2,000 years, the
report says. In addition, improving access to data on which published
temperature reconstructions are based would boost confidence in the
results. The report also notes that new analytical methods, or more
careful use of existing methods, might help circumvent some of the current
limitations associated with large-scale reconstructions.
The committee pointed out that surface temperature reconstructions for
periods before the Industrial Revolution -- when levels of atmospheric
greenhouse gases were much lower -- are only one of multiple lines of
evidence supporting the conclusion that current warming is occurring in
response to human activities, and they are not the primary evidence.
The National Research Council is the principal operating arm of the
National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. It
is a private, nonprofit institution that provides science and technology
advice under a congressional charter. A committee roster follows.
Copies of Surface Temperature Reconstructions for the Last 2,000 Years
will be available from the National Academies Press; tel. 202-334-3313 or
1-800-624-6242 or on the Internet at
http://www.nap.edu. Reporters may
obtain a pre-publication copy from the Office of News and Public
Information (contacts listed above).
[This news release and report are available at
Contacts: Bill Kearney, Director of Media Relations
Megan Petty, Media Relations Assistant
Office of News and Public Information
SOURCE: News Release:
Report in brief:
THE VOLCANO THAT ATE AUSTRALIA
June 30, 2006
IT WOULD have made the biggest modern-day volcanic
eruptions look quite puny.
Half-a-billion years ago, as an explosion of life was starting to produce
diverse new forms, a volcano began spewing lava.
Before it was over, new research suggests, lava floods buried more than a
million square kilometers - almost a fifth of Australia's area today - to
an average depth of 500 meters.
Centered several hundred kilometers south of where Darwin is now, the
eruption might also have triggered a mass extinction of new species.
"You can imagine the gasses pouring into the atmosphere, a lot of
greenhouses gasses," said Linda Glass, a geochemist for the Northern
Territory Geological Survey.
Dr Glass discovered the extent of the eruption after spending five months
driving around northern Australia collecting rocks for investigation.
The rocks "just look like boring basalt". But they revealed an
"It was a very large igneous event. Nothing is comparable with it today.
It makes Hawaii's [volcanoes] look like a blip."
Dr Glass found evidence of 16 lava flows, piled on top of each another,
one 200 meters thick.
Her research colleague, a University of Melbourne geologist, David
Phillips, said erosion had made it difficult to say exactly how big the
"lava floods" had been.
However, the volcano might have erupted for a million years, spewing out a
million cubic kilometers of lava. In some places it might have been more
than 1.5 kilometers thick.
Rocks found as far away as south-western Western Australia and even
Antarctica might have been born in the lava flood.
"It certainly would have had global effects," Dr Phillips said. "A
proliferation of life took place in the Cambrian period of geology, 500 to
550 million years ago. We do know there were extinction events 500 to 515
million years ago which wiped out a number of species."
The eruption might have been triggered by shifting plate tectonics, which,
about the same time, rotated Australia 90 degrees anti-clockwise.
BRITISH SCIENTISTS UNVEIL LATEST CRAFT TO SEARCH FOR LIFE
by Phil Hazlewood
London, England (AFP) Jun 12, 2006
IMAGE: The ExoMars rover will vie to be ESA's first on the
Image credit: ESA
British scientists on Monday took the wraps off a prototype craft to
search for signs of life on Mars, hailing it the smartest piece of
equipment ever designed for exploration of the red planet.
The rover, nicknamed Bridget, will contain high-tech equipment that will
gather and test rock and other samples from beneath the planet's surface
to determine whether life ever existed on Mars, still does or could in the
Bridget is vying for approval in the European Space Agency's
700-million-euro ($910-million) ExoMars mission, scheduled for launch in
Mike Healy, whose company is designing the six-wheel rover, told reporters
the technology would build on that of the admired but ill-fated Beagle 2,
a lander that disappeared after separating from ESA's Mars Express in late
"The Beagle was really advanced in comparison to most of the stuff NASA is
doing. This will be more advanced. This will be the most advanced thing to
land on Mars," said the scientist, from space manufacturer EADS Astrium.
The three-meter by 1.8-meter (9.8-feet by 5.9-feet) craft, which is
expected to cost about 150 million euros ($189 million), will also cover
more ground that NASA's Spirit and Opportunity exploration rovers, he
Spirit and Opportunity have been slowly scouting Mars since landing in
"They have done maybe 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) in total," Healy said.
(The actual total, according to NASA, is 14.86 kilometers, or 9.23 miles.)
"The rover here (Bridget) will have done that within four to six months at
the most. It's got to go to 10 sites that are up to one kilometer (0.6
"It won't be commanded on the ground. It will get there quicker and spend
more time searching using its sophisticated technology... It will bring
back more information."
In addition, a "smart" sensor system has been designed to avoid the
assumed pitfalls that befell Beagle 2, when scientists were unable to
gauge where it landed after separation. Beagle 2's tiny payload meant it
could not be fitted with this and other backup equipment.
The sensors will allow adjustments to be made depending on Mars' hostile
atmosphere, enabling parachutes and airbags to be deployed to allow a
A model of the rover was put on display at a central London news
conference to announce 1.7 million pounds (2.5 million euros, 3.1 million
dollars) of investment for British research and development for ExoMars.
The machine has already been put through its paces in Spain. Designers
have been testing its capabilities on the barren flanks of Mount Teide
volcano in Tenerife, said to have similarities to the Martian landscape.
"It's got a tighter turning circle than Peter Crouch but we haven't got it
to dance yet," joked Healy, a reference to the England football team's
leggy striker, who has taken to dancing like a robot when he scores.
Bridget is expected to weigh 150 kilos (330 pounds) with its equipment,
including a unique drilling system that can bore up to two meters (6.5
feet) below Mars' surface.
ExoMars is part of the ESA's Aurora Program, set up in 2001 to explore
the Solar System using innovative new technology.
The mission includes an orbiter and a descent module that will land the
rover onto the Martian surface. The orbiter will operate as a data relay
satellite between the Earth and the vehicle on the Martian surface.
WAS THERE LIFE ON MARS? SHINY ROCK COATING MAY HOLD
Imperial College London News Release
For immediate release
Friday 30 June 2006
A mysterious shiny coating found on rocks in many of
Earth's arid environments could reveal whether there was once life on
Mars, according to new research.
The research, published in the July edition of the journal Geology,
reveals that the dark coating known as desert varnish creates a record of
life around it, by binding traces of DNA, amino acids and other organic
compounds to desert rocks. Samples of Martian desert varnish could
therefore show whether there has been life on Mars at any stage over the
last 4.5 billion years.
The researchers hope that these results will encourage any future Mars
Sample Return mission to add desert varnish to its Martian shopping list.
The source of the varnish, which looks like it has been painted onto the
rocks, has intrigued scientists since the mid nineteenth century,
including Darwin, who was so fascinated that he asked the geochemist
Berzelius to investigate it. It was previously suggested that its dark
color was the result of the presence of the mineral manganese oxide, and
that any traces of life found within the varnish came from biological
processes caused by microbes in this mineral.
However, the new research used a battery of techniques, including high
resolution electron microscopy, to show that any traces of life in the
varnish do not come from microbes in manganese oxide. The research reveals
that the most important mineral in the varnish is silica, which means that
biological processes are not significant in the varnish's formation. On
desert rock surfaces, silica is dissolved from other minerals and then
gels together to form a glaze, trapping organic traces from its
Dr Randall Perry, lead author of the research from the Department of Earth
Science and Engineering at Imperial College London, explained that as life
is not involved in desert varnish formation, the varnish can act as an
indicator of whether life was present or absent in the local environment.
Dr Perry said: "If silica exists in varnish-like coatings in Martian
deserts or caves, then it may entomb ancient microbes or chemical
signatures of previous life there, too. Desert varnish forms over tens of
thousands of years and the deepest, oldest layers in the varnish may have
formed in very different conditions to the shallowest, youngest layer.
"These lustrous chroniclers of the local surroundings can provide a window
back in time. Martian desert varnish would contain a fascinating
chronology of the Martian setting," he added.
The research was carried out by researchers at Imperial College and the
Universities of Auckland (NZ); Wisconsin-Parkside and Washington (US); and
Nottingham Trent (UK).
- - - - - - - - - -
**Images of rocks covered with black desert varnish in Death Valley
California and Petroglyphs from Grimes Point Nevada (dating back thousands
of years) are available **
About desert varnish
Desert varnish is found across the world in areas including the Atacama
desert in Chile, the Mojave desert in Southern California, USA and Canyonlands National Park, Utah, USA.
It is often found on canyon walls.
It is one of fourteen different types of rock coatings.
Desert varnish was used by prehistoric and Neolithic people to create
images known as petroglyphs, which they crafted by scraping away the dark
varnish to reveal the light rock underneath.
Desert varnish is sometimes mistaken for fusion crust, the melted glassy
exterior of a meteorite that forms when the meteorite passes through the
For further information please contact:
Imperial College London Press Office
Tel: 020 7594 6702
PROOF OF MARINE
FOSSILS ON MARS
by Sir Charles W. Shults III
Xenotech Research 6/23/06
Subtitle: Sea urchin from Sol 034 matches terrestrial features
[NOTE: This site has excellent color-corrected images, articles full of
information, and is highly recommended!]
Some of the best images from Opportunity were released very early in the
mission. Sol 028 microscopic images contained some of the best and
clearest features and are still outstanding in content and detail. I have
located a terrestrial urchin that matches the most prominent features of
this particular fossil organism well enough for the uninitiated to see for
A - the cleft that appears on so many of the spherules, similar to the
cleft on a peach
B - the margins around the cleft that are raised and divided by sutures,
almost like lips
C - shallower clefts that surround the major cleft in a roughly pentagonal
D - a prominent single bump at the apex of the shell on both the
terrestrial Sea Gopher (left) and the Martian urchin (right)
There are other features that are fainter but that match perfectly. Note
that many trillions of the "blueberries" have this cleft so prominently
that it can be seen in the panoramic images as well as the microscopic
Sea urchins are close relatives of sea biscuits and sand dollars, and all
share many features of their anatomy. Many of the Martian specimens are
clearly sand dollars, others are like sea biscuits, and some are clearly
urchins. All three classes existed on Mars, just as they do in our seas
here on Earth.
STEREO VIEWS OF THE MARTIAN URCHIN
Cross-eyed stereo pairs showing the features in three dimensions
This view is the traditional left and right pair from two horizontal
displacements of the microscopic imager.
Note that they are taken at different times and so there is a shadow from
the metal probe from the imager falling on the left urchin. This actually
turns out to be an advantage - the five pointed star shape can very
clearly be seen under the shadow, confirming that this cannot possibly be
a concretion or other crystal form.
This view combines both rotation (by 30 degrees clockwise) and
Between the two, I have assembled a unique perspective stereo view of this
organism. The gray corner corresponds to a lack of image data in that
This view is from vertical displacement and is therefore rotated 90
degrees to accommodate that.
It shows the features from a third solid perspective, confirming their
In all of these views, you can see that the clefts are real and not
imaging artifacts. They remain constant in all images, they retain their
form in all angles and rotations, and they remain solid in three
dimensions as well. This is absolute proof that they cannot be imaging
All of the above images are on the NASA/JPL web site at this location:
Now, let's look at the features in closer detail.
Here is the original horizontal orientation showing the clefts and some
margins marked in red. The five pointed star can be seen on the top of the
urchin where the sunlight is reflecting off of the surface. This specimen,
like many other Martian fossils, is scoured and sandblasted shiny, which
removes many of the details that would normally make identification
easier. This is a very strong supporting piece of evidence for my claim
that the "blueberries" are in fact fossils of sea urchins, sea biscuits,
sand dollars, and trilobites (which often rolled in a ball when they
PLAN FOR CLOAKING DEVICE UNVEILED
Researchers in the US and Britain have unveiled their
blueprints for building a cloaking device. So far, cloaking has been
confined to science fiction; in Star Trek it is used to render spacecraft
Professor Sir John Pendry says a simple demonstration model that could
work for radar might be possible within 18 months' time.
In the journal Science two separate teams, including Professor Pendry's,
have outlined ways to cloak objects.
These research papers present the math required to verify that the
concept could work. But developing an invisibility cloak is likely to pose
Both groups propose methods using the unusual properties of so-called "metamaterials"
to build a cloak.
These metamaterials can be designed to induce a desired change in the
direction of electromagnetic waves, such as light. This is done by
tinkering with the nano-scale structure of the metamaterial, not by
altering its chemistry.
John Pendry's team suggest that by enveloping an object in a metamaterial
cloak, light waves can be made to flow around the object in the same way
that water would do so.
"Water behaves a little differently to light. If you put a pencil in water
that's moving, the water naturally flows around the pencil. When it gets
to the other side, the water closes up," Professor Pendry told the BBC.
"A little way downstream, you'd never know that you'd put a pencil in the
water - it's flowing smoothly again. Light doesn't do that of course, it hits the pencil and scatters. So you
want to put a coating around the pencil that allows light to flow around
it like water, in a nice, curved way."
The work provides a mathematical "recipe" for bending light waves in such
a way as to achieve a desired cloaking effect.
John Pendry, along with colleagues David Smith and David Schurig at Duke
University in North Carolina, US, have been testing suitable metamaterials
for the device they plan to build.
This, Sir John explained, would consist of a sphere or cylinder wrapped in
a sheath of metamaterial which could cloak it from radio waves.
"It's not tremendously fancy, but that for us would be quite an
achievement," he told the BBC News website.
Professor Ulf Leonhardt, author of another cloaking paper in Science,
described the effect for light as a "mirage".
"What you're trying to do is guide light around an object, but the art is
to bend it such that it leaves the object in precisely the same way that
it initially hits it. You have the illusion that there is nothing there,"
he told the BBC's Science in Action program.
The work could have uses in military stealth technology - but engineers
have not yet created the materials that could be used to cloak an aircraft
or a tank, John Pendry explains. Professor Pendry's research has been
supported by the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa).
Several other scientific teams have proposed ideas for cloaking devices.
One theoretical paper proposed using a material known as a super lens to
cancel out light being scattered from an object.
IS THERE WATER ON THE MOON?
Many nations are planning trips to the moon, in order to be
the first to lay claim to the precious Helium 3 fuel there. But when it
comes to setting up a mining operation on the moon, they all have the same
problem: lack of water. Now that problem may be solved.
Leonard David writes in space.com that the solution may be simpler than we
thought. We will bombard the moon with tons of ice. Craters will become
lakes and the problem will be solved! The new project is appropriately
called SLAM. Researcher Alan Stern says, "When we have people on the moon,
they are going to need water. This is an exceptionally efficient, low-cost
way to get it there…It appears to be entirely feasible, simple, and really
The same thing happens whenever a comet, which is mainly ice, strikes the
moon. This fact has scientists puzzled: why isn’t there water there now,
since this has happened so often in the past?
The answer is that there may already BE water on the moon. Satellites that
have orbited the moon in the past detected hydrogen that might be part of
water ice at the poles. But no one knows for sure if the ice is really
there, or if it is, how MUCH is there.
GIANT CRATER FOUND: TIED TO WORST MASS EXTINCTION EVER
By Robert Roy Britt, Senior Science Writer
01 June 2006
An apparent crater as big as Ohio has been found in
Antarctica. Scientists think it was carved by a space rock that caused the
greatest mass extinction on Earth, 250 million years ago.
The crater, buried beneath a half-mile of ice and discovered by some
serious airborne and satellite sleuthing, is more than twice as big as the
one involved in the demise of the dinosaurs.
The crater's location, in the Wilkes Land region of East Antarctica, south
of Australia, suggests it might have instigated the breakup of the
so-called Gondwana super continent, which pushed Australia northward, the
"This Wilkes Land impact is much bigger than the impact that killed the
dinosaurs, and probably would have caused catastrophic damage at the
time," said Ralph von Frese, a professor of geological sciences at Ohio
How they found it
The crater is about 300 miles wide. It was found by looking at differences
in density that show up in gravity measurements taken with NASA's GRACE
satellites. Researchers spotted a mass concentration, which they call a
mascon—dense stuff that welled up from the mantle, likely in an impact.
"If I saw this same mascon signal on the Moon, I'd expect to see a crater
around it," Frese said. (The Moon, with no atmosphere, retains a record of
ancient impacts in the visible craters there.)
So Frese and colleagues overlaid data from airborne radar images that
showed a 300-mile wide sub-surface, circular ridge. The mascon fit neatly
inside the circle.
"And when we looked at the ice-probing airborne radar, there it was," he
The Permian-Triassic extinction, as it is known, wiped out most life on
land and in the oceans. Researchers have long suspected a space rock might
have been involved. Some scientists have blamed volcanic activity or other
The die-off set up conditions that eventually allowed dinosaurs to rule
The newfound crater is more than twice the size of the Chicxulub crater in
the Yucatan peninsula, which marks the impact that may have ultimately
killed the dinosaurs 65 million years ago. The Chicxulub space rock is
thought to have been 6 miles wide, while the Wilkes Land meteor could have
been up to 30 miles wide, the researchers said.
Postdoctoral researcher Laramie Potts assisted in the discovery.
The work was financed by NASA and the National Science Foundation. The
discovery, announced today, was initially presented in a poster paper at
the recent American Geophysical Union Joint Assembly meeting in Baltimore.
The researchers say further work is needed to confirm the finding. One way
to do that would be to go there and collect rock from the crater to see if
its structure matches what would be expected from such a colossal impact.
MOON RACE FOR FUSION FUEL
Scientists like Apollo 17 astronaut Harrison Schmitt claim
Helium-3 can produce fusion, and there is enough on the moon to power the
earth for hundreds of years. Russia and China both want a permanent base
on the moon by 2020, to mine for Helium-3. The U.S. may seek to cut the
moon off from anyone but the U.S. Under the guise of missile defense then,
weapons-equipped satellites could be deployed to secure the earth-to-moon
corridor. Allegedly, aliens are mining our moon and humans have been
warned to stay away. The key to space travel may lie waiting to be scooped
up on the surface of our moon.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #23 - 7 June 2006
PREHISTORIC ECOSYSTEM DISCOVERED IN ISRAELI CAVE
JERUSALEM (Reuters) - Israeli scientists said on Wednesday
they had discovered a prehistoric ecosystem dating back millions of years.
The discovery was made in a cave near the central Israeli city of Ramle
during rock drilling at a quarry. Scientists were called in and soon found
eight previously unknown species of crustaceans and invertebrates similar
"Until now eight species of animals were found in the cave, all of them
unknown to science," said Dr Hanan Dimantman, a biologist at the Hebrew
University of Jerusalem. He said the cave's ecosystem probably dates back
around five million years when the Mediterranean Sea covered parts of
The cave was completely sealed off from the world, including from water
and nutrients seeping through rock crevices above. Scientists who
discovered the cave believe it has been intact for millions of years.
"Every species we examined had no eyes which means they lost their sight
due to evolution," said Dimantman. Samples of the animals discovered in
the cave were sent for DNA tests which found they were unique, he said.
The cave has been closed off as scientists conduct a more detailed survey.
"This is a cave of fantastic biodiversity," Dimantman said.
© Reuters 2006
TEENAGER DISCOVERS PREHISTORIC ECOSYSTEM
10 June 2006
NewScientist.com news service
IT IS not every day you stumble across a complete
prehistoric ecosystem, sealed off for millions of years. Yet that is what
teenager Matan Avital did after he volunteered to explore a cave
discovered by quarry workers near the Israeli city of Ramle.
Animals new to science appear fairly regularly, especially invertebrates,
but it is rare to discover an entire ecosystem. So far eight new species
have turned up, including a blind albino shrimp (pictured, page 6) and a
scorpion. Scientists from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem who are
exploring the cave say they expect to find more.
Pitch black, some 2.5 kilometers long and with its own lake, the Ayalon
Cave, as it has been named, lies deep under a layer of impermeable chalk.
The cave's menagerie dates back around 5 million years. All the animals
found so far lack eyes.
The ecosystem is probably powered not by the sun but by chemoautotrophs
that oxidize sulphur as an energy source, says Amos Frumkin of the Hebrew
University. Like plants on the surface, these bacteria form the base of
the food chain.
From issue 2555 of New Scientist magazine, 10 June 2006, page 6
HAWKING SAYS HUMANS MUST COLONIZE SPACE
By Sylvia Hui, Associated Press
13 June 2006
HONG KONG (AP)—The survival of the human race depends on
its ability to find new homes elsewhere in the universe because there's an
increasing risk that a disaster will destroy the Earth, world-renowned
scientist Stephen Hawking said Tuesday.
The British astrophysicist told a news conference in Hong Kong that humans
could have a permanent base on the moon in 20 years and a colony on Mars
in the next 40 years.
"We won't find anywhere as nice as Earth unless we go to another star
system," added Hawking, who arrived to a rock star's welcome Monday.
Tickets for his lecture planned for Wednesday were sold out.
He added that if humans can avoid killing themselves in the next 100
years, they should have space settlements that can continue without
support from Earth.
"It is important for the human race to spread out into space for the
survival of the species," Hawking said. "Life on Earth is at the
ever-increasing risk of being wiped out by a disaster, such as sudden
global warming, nuclear war, a genetically engineered virus or other
dangers we have not yet thought of."
The 64-year-old scientist—author of the global best seller "A Brief
History of Time"—is wheelchair-bound and communicates with the help of a
computer because he suffers from a neurological disorder called
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS.
Hawking said he's teaming up with his daughter to write a children's book
about the universe, aimed at the same age range as the Harry Potter books.
"It is a story for children, which explains the wonders of the universe,"
his daughter, Lucy, added.
They didn't provide other details.
SCIENTIST TARGETS 2024 FOR CHINA'S FIRST MOON WALK
By Associated Press
20 June 2006
SHANGHAI, China (AP) – China plans a manned lunar mission
by 2024 that will include a walk on the moon's surface, a top Chinese
scientist was quoted as saying in a Hong Kong newspaper.
The announcement by lunar program vice director Long Lehao shows long-term
preparations are moving ahead for the country's ambition space exploration
The program went into overdrive following China's first successful manned
space mission in 2003 and may include a spacewalk by an additional manned
mission next year.
Named “Chang'e'' after a mythical Chinese moon-inhabiting fairy, the lunar
program will begin with the launch next spring of a 2-ton moon orbiting
satellite, the program's chief scientist Ouyang Ziyuan was quoted as
saying in the official Shanghai Daily newspaper.
The orbiter is due to stay in space at least a year and record images of
the lunar surface, study lunar microwaves, the distribution of usable
metals, and the thickness of lunar soil.
Long, who is Ouyang's deputy, was quoted by Hong Kong's Beijing-backed Wen
Wei Po on Monday as saying the moon walk will be preceded by the landing
of a robot explorer on the moon's surface in 2017 that will return with a
chunk of the lunar surface on board.
The program envisions landing a vehicle by 2020 on the moon that would
collect soil samples and conduct other tests, possibly in preparation for
a manned lunar base.
Ouyang said scientists working on the lunar flights have overcome four
major design hazards mainly related to flight control and communications,
according to the Shanghai Daily.
The United States hopes to return astronauts to the moon by 2018, nearly a
half-century after men last walked the lunar surface.
President Bush has called for the retirement of the space shuttles by 2010
and the creation of a crew exploration vehicle for ferrying astronauts to
the international space station and ultimately to the moon and Mars.
The crew exploration vehicle's first manned trip will be to low-Earth
orbit, probably no earlier than 2012, according to NASA plans.
2002 KENTUCKY COAL TRAIN COLLISION WITH UFO
PAINTSVILLE -- At exactly 2:47 a.m. on January 14, 2002,
while working a coal train enroute from Russell, Kentucky to Shelbiana,
Kentucky, our trailing unit and first two cars were severely damaged as we
struck an unknown floating or hovering object. I know it was 2:47 because
my watch froze, and to this day shows that time.
Along with my watch the entire electrical systems on both locomotives went
haywire. Approaching a bend near milepost 42 in an area referred to as the
Wild Kingdom, for the many different types of animals spotted there, my
conductor and I saw lights coming from around the way. This ordinarily
means another train is coming and will pass on the other track. The outlay
of the area is this, the river, #1 track, #2 tracks and a straight up
mountainside, carved out for the laying of these tracks. I killed our
lights as not to blind the oncoming crew.
As we rounded the corner our onboard computer began to flash in and out,
speed recorder went nuts, and both locomotives died. Alarm bells began to
ring and that's when we saw the objects. Apparently scanning the river for
something. At least three objects had several "search" lights trained
there, the first object hovered about 10 to 12 feet above the track.
It was metallic silver in color with multiple colored lights near the
bottom and in the middle. There were no windows or openings of any kind
that we could see. It was 18 to 20 feet in length and probably ten feet
high. With both engines dead as we rounded the corner we made little noise
and the first object did not respond in time, I estimate that we hit the
object at 30 mph with 16,000 trailing tons behind us. It clipped the top
of our lead unit then skipped back slicing a chunk out of our trailing
unit and first two coal cars. The other objects vanished.
Our emergency brakes had initiated due to the loss of power and we stopped
approximately a mile and a half to two miles after impact. Our power
restored after we were stopped and we notified our dispatcher, located in
Jacksonville, Florida of what had happened. We were told to inspect the
cars to see if they'd hold the rail and try to limp into milepost cmg 60
which used to be the Paintsville yard which is no longer in full
operation. We checked everything out and the cab of the rear locomotive
was demolished and smoking, the second two cars looked as if they had been
hit with a giant hammer, but looked like they'd hold the rail.
We pulled into Paintsville yard at approximately 5:15 am. The huge
overhead lights lining the yard were noticeably dark and the only lights
came from what we assumed were railroad officials vehicles parked near the
end of the track. We pulled to a stop and began unloading our grips off
the wounded train. We could hear what sounded like an army of workers
immediately tending to our train. Vehicle doors slamming, guys running by
in weird outfits and lights glaring from all directions, the one thing
missing was railroad officials.
A guy named Ferguson shook my hand and asked me to follow him into the old
yard office. We did, once inside they, and by they I mean I have no idea
who these people were, began to ask us hundreds of questions, they then
told us for our own protection we'd be medically tested before we could
I asked repeatedly to talk to my road foreman or trainmaster and not only
were these requests denied but they confiscated my conductor's cellular
phone. Hours later we were led outside the old yard office and the strange
things continued to happen, the two locomotives and two cars were removed
from the rest of the train we had brought in and my only guess was parked
four tracks over under a huge tent like structure buzzing with activity.
We were lead off the property and told, due to national security, our
silence on this matter would be appreciated.
We were then put in a railroad vehicle and taken to Martin, Kentucky were
we went through questioning again with railroad officials and were then
drug tested. After all of this we were sent on to Shelbiana, where we took
rest for eight hours and worked another train back to Russell. Working
back we passed by Paintsville, no sign of the engines, cars, tent, people,
SOURCE: Peter Davenport-Director National UFO
Conspiracy Journal 6/9/06 #369
UFOS SPOTTED OVER VOLCANOES
[Note: for whatever reason, UFOs seem to be attracted to
Earth's active volcanoes. One such sighting was photographed this month in
Peru. Examples of some earlier sightings are also included here.]
PERU - DAYLIGHT UFO PHOTOGRAPHED OVER UBINAS VOLCANO
From Scott Corrales, The Journal of Hispanic
According to the preliminary report by Dr. Anthony Choy, this UFO was
photographed by Marco Antonio Zeballos, a member of the Civil Defense
Regional Committee (CRDC), when the witness was in the town of Matalaque
preparing to evacuate families affected by the volcano.
Researcher Choy says that the photo has not yet been subjected to detailed
scrutiny. However, in his opinion, there is a high likelihood that it is
an anomalous object that crossed the camera's field of view, without
entirely dismissing that it could be an insect or bird that flew past
quickly, causing distortion in the image.
He also reported that Mr. Zeballos did not observe the probable UFO and
only realized its presence when the photos were reviewed, adding that this
is not the first time that sightings have occurred in that part of Peru.
This suggests a possible relationship between anomalous aerial phenomena
and natural or human disasters.
The Ubinas Volcano has presented activity since April 19, 2006, producing
audible explosions and the formation of eruption columns of up to 3 km
high. For this reason, families living near the volcano have been
Dr. Choy highlighted the importance that the photo was taken by an active
official with the National Civil Defense Institute, as well as his
openness by providing the image to a reporter for the "Correo de Tacna"
Credits: Photo © Marco Antonio Zeballos
Report by Dr. Anthony Choy; Correspondent Julio Berlanga (Enigmas Perú)
Translation (c) 2006. Scott Corrales, IHU. Special thanks to Ana Luisa
EXTRATERRESTRIAL UFO INFLUENCE,
EFFECT OF POLAR REVERSAL OR MILITARY EXPERIMENT IN MEXICAN VOLCANO?
India Daily Technology Team
Jun. 10, 2005
Something strange is happening in a Mexican
hot spot. Mexico's Volcano of Fire, located on the border of Colima and
Jalisco states about 300 miles west of Mexico City, is showing signs of
activity not seen in two decades of monitoring, Mexican volcano scientists
warned on June 9 in San Marcos, Mexico. The volcano has erupted six times
in the last three weeks. The most recent eruption June 6 expelled lava and
ash more than two miles into the sky. Nearby communities have been
evacuated. Mexican officials are concerned the volcano could explode,
spewing ash for hundreds of miles.
Similar strange volcanoes erupted in Andaman-Nicobar in India. The
eruptions have similarities.
What is really strange is the periodic harmonic tremor. According to some
scientists the tectonic activities may have been triggered artificially.
One possibility is that the hot spot of active volcano is disturbed by
some extraterrestrial experiments controlled by aliens. Mexico recently
has reported excessive sightings of UFOs. The other alternative can be
that some kind of military experimentation is going on there.
Some scientists are finding similarities in tectonic plate movements in
Sumatra and in Mexico. They have started questioning if the intensive
volcanic and tectonic activities are caused by extraterrestrial
experiment. The other possibility is that all these massive tectonic
activities are happening because of terrestrial polar reversal that is
happening silently and will continue till the end of 2012.
The third alternative is that some covert military experimentation is
causing the activities.
A strong rumor in Mexico points to the fact that extraterrestrial UFOs
have built deep underground bases. The sightings are common these days. As
a matter of fact UFO sightings have gone up all over Central and South
America. Brazilian Military authorities even may have experienced an UFO
One thing is certain that the Mexican volcano is not following the volcano
science and as a result has become extremely unpredictable. The
unpredictability was also seen in the Sumatra quake and the after shocks.
That raises question about what is causing so many Earthquakes, Tsunamis,
Landslides and Volcanoes in the last eighteen months.
Is Earth’s crust becoming unstable or some artificial means are being used
by some entity (terrestrial or extraterrestrial) to create such massive
shifts and activities deep into the earth.
The whole world is now watching this volcano erupt.
Copyright © 2004-2005, Indiadaily.com.
All Rights Reserved.
The photo shows an unidentified object
above the volcano that is often watched by UFOs. Indonesia officials
evacuated 11,000 villagers from around Mount Merapi volcano as it shot out
lava and superheated clouds of gas on June 6,2006. The mountain's lava
dome has swelled in recent weeks, raising fears that it could suddenly
collapse and send scalding clouds of fast-moving gas and debris into
SOURCE: Filer's Files #23 - 7 June 2006
CHILE: CIGAR-SHAPED UFO PHOTOGRAPHED OVER VOLCANO
March 30, 2005
A mysterious cigar-shaped object was
photographed in the vicinity of the Osorno volcano; local residents claim
such phenomena are common in the region (TERRA.cl)
Santiago March 30 - During the month of February and in the midst of
summer vacation in the vicinity of Lake Llanquihue, a variety of aerial
phenomena were reported that were subsequently associated with the UFO
Farmers from neighboring communities furnished eyewitness reports in
strange lights with irregular movements, usually vanishing from sight near
the Osorno Volcano.
One such sighting was recorded on Jorge Quinn's photo camera as he spent
his vacation near the site. The image was completely accidental and the
UFO's presence was discovered only after his return to Santiago de Chile.
The image shows a cigar-shaped UFO, a configuration catalogued as one of
the most common and largest in the UFO phenomenon.
It should be noted that Southern Chile is considered a 'hot zone' on a
global level as regards the presence of unidentified flying objects. Over
the past 20 years, highly interesting photographs of unknown objects have
been recorded in the vicinity of the Osorno Volcano.
Translation (c) 2005 Scott Corrales,
Institute of Hispanic Ufology (IHU)
Special thanks to Camilo Valdivieso
UFOS PHOTOGRAPHED OVER MEXICAN VOLCANO
The eruption of Mexico's gigantic volcano Popocatepetl
("Smoking Mountain" in old Nahuatl language) that took place Monday,
December 18, 2000, brought not only fear and uncertainty but also a
unexpected event captured by merely accident.
On 12.21.2000 the main headlines of local newspapers Milenio and Extramex
present a photograph of an unknown luminous flying object over the
erupting volcano Popocatepetl located near from Mexico City and Puebla.
The spectacular photograph taken by reporter Alfonso Reyes last Tuesday 19
at 6:10 AM while making a report of the violent awakening present a bright
luminous object that contrast with the black clouds of smoke emanated from
the volcano crater. The photo was taken in a 20 seconds exposure time and
a 24 mm angular lens according to Mr. Reyes testimony. However he did not
saw actually the flying object and was until the development of the film
that he discovered what the camera captured. Due to the long exposure time
the camera captured the luminous descending trajectory of the object that
seems to make a quick turn into the crater direction. The possibility of a
meteor was discarded considering the described trajectory of the object
and also no airplane or helicopter were present in that place for obvious
This is not the first time that strange unknown objects have been seen
flying over this volcano. In June 29, 1999 the surveillance camera of the
CENAPRED, the government agency for disasters prevention was monitoring
Mount Popo taking pictures at time intervals. At 1:20PM the camera
captured a strange disk shape dark object very near from the volcano
crater and emerging among the smoke clouds. No explanation was given by
the agency at the time but researchers continued gathering photographic
and video evidences of continuous objects present over the smoking
volcano. Certainly the photograph taken by Alfonso Reyes deserves a
serious and dedicated analysis. Meanwhile this event as well as the others
still remain unexplained.
In June 29, 1999 the surveillance camera of the CENAPRED, the government
agency for disasters prevention was monitoring Mount Popo taking pictures
at time intervals. At 1:20PM the camera captured a strange disk shape dark
object very near from the volcano crater and emerging among the smoke
In December 21, 2000 the main headlines of local newspapers Milenio and
Extramex present a photograph of an unknown luminous flying object over
the erupting volcano Popocatepetl located near from Mexico City and
In February 14, 2001, the CENAPRED live cams captured again an amazing
event where a huge white cigar shaped ufo approached the volcano in a
direct maneuver to hit the crater at relatively slow speed. Here are two
extracts from the video images.
Popocatepetl Feb 14, 2001
And it goes on in 22 February 2001 ... and on
and on since then.
ENGINEERING ADVANCED SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS FROM UFOs
India Daily Technology Team
Jun. 9, 2005
Invisible space modules capable of hovering at any altitude
anywhere in the world is what scientists and engineers were looking for to
design the ultimate enemy surveillance mechanisms for special operations
The answer finally came from reverse engineering extraterrestrial UFOs.
The antigravity propulsion, electromagnetic stealth and navigation provide
the ideal combination where a space module can literally be hidden for all
terrestrial “eyes” electronic or otherwise.
The ideal situation is you can the enemy all the time but they cannot see
you. Once in a while some of them see you and they make a big deal out of
it only to discover that you don’t exist.
The ultimate stealth works by teleporting the object to higher dimensions
with the help of electromagnetic flux. This opens the gate to spatial
fifth or higher dimensions. Hiding the module in that dimension and then
bring it back to our four dimensions when needed can literally devastate
The special operations forces can complete targeting pin pointed attacks
to devastate and eliminate the enemy in no time.
Extraterrestrial UFOs play hide and seek games all the time. That is the
reason they are just not accounted for officially. You can chase an UFO
and be successful to track the same using terrestrial technologies based
on quantum physics.
The spatial physics can describe existence of force and matter in an
entirely different state. Now the scientists and engineers have started
realizing that dreams may be true in another parallel Universe at a much
Copyright © 2004-2005, Indiadaily.com. All Rights Reserved.
TOP 10 STRANGEST GADGETS of the FUTURE
[NOTE: Please visit the referenced site to view images of
This week, our editors have compiled a list of the 'Top 10 Strangest
Gadgets of the Future', from solar powered LEDs to memory LCD screens,
it’s all here. Which ones are your favorites?
10. Citizen’s Memory LCD
Citizen Japan has unveiled a new LCD technology — called “memory liquid
crystal” — that retains the image even when turned off. Basically, its
inorganic membrane and angled orientation keep the crystals frozen without
needing power. Practical applications would include watches and mobile
9. EyeMove PC
The EyeMove PC combines the functionality of a digital projector and
computer into one circular-shaped device. Simply hang it on your wall or
place it flat on a desk and project games, movies, or applications. No
word yet on if this concept will go into production. With the wireless
controller you can forget the old mouse, your keyboard, joystick, you have
it all in one with a touch screen wireless controller.
8. Scarpar - The All-Terrain Motorized Board
The Scarpar is a futuristic board that “apparently gives you the best of
snowboarding, surfing, skating and motocross”. It’s slated for a 2007
release. Pricing has not yet been announced. Video clip after the jump.
7. 3D Video Game
Combining interactive art and gaming, xBlocks delivers a unique experience
to say the least. It’s currently on display at Fabbrica del Vapore in
Using standard game controllers, two opposing players must help their
characters navigate in and around a three dimensional maze. The real
challenge comes, not from traditional game mechanics but rather from
moving with your character as he sprints around corners and jumps between
the installation’s two play surfaces.
6. Transparent Toaster
This innovative “Transparent Toaster” concept uses special heating glass
to warm a single slice of bread. Unfortunately, the glass does not reach a
high enough temperature — at this time — to actually toast the bread. No
word yet on if this concept will go into production.
5. Origami DVD Player
This Origami DVD Player concept uses a fully-flexible display technology
(e-paper) to ensure maximum portability. When not in use, the screen folds
up neatly back into the case. From the image, it looks to sport integrated
speakers as well. No word yet on if this concept will go into production.
As a product, it would target the business traveler who wants a convenient
way to watch DVD movies.
4. Self Cooling Beer Can
Tempra Technology and Crown Holdings have partnered to develop the world’s
first self cooling beer can. It looks like a normal 500ml can, but
features an integrated self-cooling device that reduces the “contents by a
minimum of 30° Fahrenheit (16.7° C) in just three minutes.”
“When activated, the all natural desiccant contained within a vacuum draws
the heat from the beverage through the evaporator into an insulated
The VirtuSphere takes gaming to a whole new level, allowing users to walk
inside a virtual space “while being totally immersed” — through the
head-mounted display system. Built-in sensors detect movement and transmit
that information to a linked computer. A special platform inside the
sphere allows it to rotate in any direction as the user walks. Two video
clips after the jump.
The VirtuSphere is currently the only technology in the world, which
permits the user to move about in virtual space through the most natural
movement of all – by walking.
2. Heliodisplay M2i
IO2Technology has just released a new version of their Heliodisplay
multimedia projector called “M2i”, it features a larger 30-inch diagonal
(76cm) display area (4:3 aspect), 1600-2200 lumens brightness, 1024 x 768
SXGA resolution, and ‘virtual touch screen’ controls. Video after the jump.
The interactive M2i allows desktop navigation in a PC environment such
that floating images or video can be manipulated supporting a ‘virtual’
touch screen enabling cursor control.
1. “On Target” Video Game Urinal
Set back into each urinal is a pressure-sensitive display, which activates
an interactive game when used. This game includes sounds and images,
bringing entertainment value to where you’d least expect. It will most
likely will be installed in airports and schools “with the functional
purpose of improving hygiene.” The projection of the project into a museum
space was conceived of as a critical-ironic measure, questioning the
concept of art, but extending it at the same time.
Honorable Mention - Bright Walk
There’s a good reason why these shoes are called “Bright Walk“, built-in
Piezo-electric sensors convert the impact from running or walking into
static energy which than power electro luminescent polymers to produce
Honorable Mention - Solar Powered LED Light
The LightCap is basically a solar powered water bottle which has a
built-in LED light in its lid. It features a waterproof solar panel,
battery pack, and “will stay bright for hours while the rechargeable
Ni-Cad batteries will last for at least 300 cycles” on a four hour charge
— in sunlight. This device measures 8 ¼” tall and 3 ¾” wide with a 32 oz
capacity. Set it in the sun or hang it from a railing during the day and
you’ll have light all night long!
Honorable Mention - Intelligent Spoon
Connie Cheng and Leonardo Bonanni have developed the world’s first
“Intelligent Spoon”. It’s equipped with sensors to measure temperature,
acidity, salinity, and viscosity. Download the recorded data to any
computer via a cable for further processing. Apart from consolidating
measurements that are normally done by an array of equipments into a
single spoon, the information obtained can be used to advise the users
what their next step should be; for example, it tells the user if there is
not enough salt in the brine prepared to make pickles.
and PAG E-NEWS: June 6
REMAINS OF BOY PIRATE DISCOVERED
By Michael Levenson, Globe Staff - June 2, 2006
He was a boy, no more than 11, when pirates captured the
ship he and his mother were sailing on in the Caribbean. As he watched the
pirates haul off the ship's cargo of sugar and tobacco, John King made a
decision: He would leave his mother and join the pirate crew, led by
Captain Sam Bellamy.
Now, 290 years later, King's remains -- his fibula, silk stocking, and
shoe -- have been identified among the wreck of Bellamy's ship, the
Whydah, 1,500 feet off the coast of Wellfleet. While teenage pirates were
common in the 18th century, King is considered to be the youngest ever
Researchers excavating the Whydah used 18th century Caribbean court
records and modern forensics to make the determination.
Their find opened a window onto the strange and brief life of a young boy
swept up in a lost world of ocean piracy.
"It's a whole touchstone to a period in history which is often
misunderstood or it's been twisted around by all these novels," said Ken
Kinkor, a historian at the Expedition Whydah Sea-Lab and Learning Center
in Provincetown, which made the discovery. "Even though we find treasures,
the best treasures aren't always gold or silver. It's the knowledge we get
from the past."
King's tale ranges through the Caribbean, to the coast of Venezuela, and
finally to his watery grave off Wellfleet. It involves high-seas
plundering, an appearance by the Puritan clergyman Cotton Mather, and a
public hanging in Boston.
The boy's journey first entered the official records on Nov. 9, 1716. That
is the date recorded in an Antiguan court deposition when Bellamy hoisted
a black flag aboard his sloop, the Marianne, and attacked the Bonetta, the
ship on which King and his mother were sailing, en route from Antigua to
The deposition, written by the commander of the Bonetta, tells how Bellamy
plundered the boat for 15 days. The document also records a few of the 80
men on the Bonetta -- among them, a goldsmith named Paul Williams, a
gunner's mate named William Osbourne, and an Indian boy and a black man,
whose names were not recorded. Then the document, which Kinkor tracked
down a few years ago in a London archive, tells of a boy, "one John King,"
who stubbornly demanded to join Bellamy's crew.
King "was so far from being forced or compelled" to join, the record says,
"that he declared he would kill himself if he was restrained, and even
threatened his Mother, who was then on board as a passenger."
After the show of defiance, Bellamy let the boy aboard, Kinkor said. The
moment has tantalized pirate enthusiasts for some time, who have struggled
to understand why a pirate captain would let a boy join his crew.
"I tend to think that from what we know of Bellamy he was kind of a
charismatic individual," Kinkor said. "I think Bellamy may have admired
the kid's spirit. This kid, I can almost see him begging Bellamy to let
him join and Bellamy not having the heart to refuse."
Three months later, Bellamy and the boy would be dead.
From St. Croix, they sailed through the Leeward Islands, passed Venezuela,
and crossed back toward America, plundering ships along the way, according
to Kinkor. Between Cuba and Haiti, they attacked the Whydah, a 100-foot
heavily armed slave galley, and Bellamy took the boat for his own. Up the
Carolinas they sailed to Cape Cod, where a fierce storm sank the Whydah,
killing roughly 140 men aboard, including Bellamy and King.
Thoreau reflected on the famous shipwreck in his book, "Cape Cod".
"A storm coming on, their whole fleet was wrecked, and more than a hundred
dead bodies lay along the shore," he wrote, referring to Marconi Beach in
Six who survived were hung for piracy in Boston; two were acquitted with
the help of Cotton Mather. An Indian survivor was sold into slavery,
The boat, broken to bits, lay on the sea floor until 1984, when Barry
Clifford, a Cape Cod native captivated by the tale as a boy, located the
wreck using sonar. Clifford hauled up some 200,000 artifacts -- pistols,
coins, and cannons -- and helped create the Whydah Center to display them.
He hardly paid attention to King's fibula, stocking and shoe, found
preserved in a lump of minerals in 1989 and put away in storage for years.
Clifford said he thought they belonged to a very small sailor, until
Kinkor persuaded him recently to have them tested. "I had been looking at
this shoe and thinking, 'My God, these people were small back then,"
Last month, John de Bry, director of the Center for Historical Archaeology
in Florida, and David R. Hunt, an anthropologist at the Smithsonian
Institute in Washington, D.C., analyzed photographs of the 11-inch bone
and determined that it belonged not to a small man, but to a boy between 8
and 11 years old. Because King was the only boy recorded aboard the
Whydah, Kinkor said he feels certain that the fibula is King's.
Although the English Navy used boys as "powder monkeys" to haul gunpowder
from the magazine to the cannons, Kinkor said he did not know of any
records of a pirate so young as King.
The Whydah Center, which has the bone, stocking and shoe on display in
Provincetown, plans to put them on a cross-country tour with National
Geographic later this year, Clifford said.
CAPTION: A drawing of the Whyda, the pirate ship
that John King is believed to have been sailing on when he died.
(Expedition Whydah Sea-Lab & Learning Center)
CAPTION: The silk stocking, shoe and fibula
believed to be John King's, found in the wreckage off Wellfleet.
(Expedition Whydah Sea-Lab & Learning Center)
- - - -
Michael Levenson can be reached at
© Copyright 2006 Globe Newspaper Company.
'UFO HACKER' TELLS WHAT HE FOUND
By Nigel Watson June 21, 2006
The search for proof of the existence of UFOs landed Gary
McKinnon in a world of trouble.
After allegedly hacking into NASA websites -- where he says he found
images of what looked like extraterrestrial spaceships -- the 40-year-old
Briton faces extradition to the United States from his North London home.
If convicted, McKinnon could receive a 70-year prison term and up to $2
million in fines.
Final paperwork in the case is due this week, after which the British home
secretary will rule on the extradition request.
McKinnon, whose extensive search through U.S. computer networks was
allegedly conducted between February 2001 and March 2002, picked a
particularly poor time to expose U.S. national security failings in light
of the terror attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.
McKinnon tells what he found and discusses the motivation behind his
online adventures in this exclusive phone interview with Wired News.
What was your motive or inspiration for carrying out your
computer hacking? Was it the War Games movie?
This is a bit of a red herring. I have seen it but I wasn't
inspired by it. My main inspiration was The Hacker's Handbook by Hugo
Cornwall. The first edition that I read was too full of information ... It
had to be banned, and it was reissued without the sensitive stuff in it.
Without this book would you have been able to do it?
I would have done it anyway because I used the internet to get
useful information. The book just kick-started me. Hacking for me was just
a means to an end.
In what way?
I knew that governments suppressed antigravity, UFO-related
technologies, free energy or what they call zero-point energy. This should
not be kept hidden from the public when pensioners can't pay their fuel
Did you find anything in your search for evidence of UFOs?
Certainly did. There is The Disclosure Project. This is a book
with 400 testimonials from everyone from air traffic controllers to those
responsible for launching nuclear missiles. Very credible witnesses. They
talk about reverse-(engineered) technology taken from captured or
destroyed alien craft.
Like the Roswell incident of 1947?
I assume that was the first and assume there have been others.
These relied-upon people have given solid evidence.
What sort of evidence?
A NASA photographic expert said that there was a Building 8 at
Johnson Space Center where they regularly airbrushed out images of UFOs
from the high-resolution satellite imaging. I logged on to NASA and was
able to access this department. They had huge, high-resolution images
stored in their picture files. They had filtered and unfiltered, or
processed and unprocessed, files.
My dialup 56K connection was very slow trying to download one of these
picture files. As this was happening, I had remote control of their
desktop, and by adjusting it to 4-bit color and low screen resolution, I
was able to briefly see one of these pictures. It was a silvery,
cigar-shaped object with geodesic spheres on either side. There were no
visible seams or riveting. There was no reference to the size of the
object and the picture was taken presumably by a satellite looking down on
it. The object didn't look manmade or anything like what we have created.
Because I was using a Java application, I could only get a screenshot of
the picture -- it did not go into my temporary internet files. At my
crowning moment, someone at NASA discovered what I was doing and I was
I also got access to Excel spreadsheets. One was titled "Non-Terrestrial
Officers." It contained names and ranks of U.S. Air Force personnel who
are not registered anywhere else. It also contained information about
ship-to-ship transfers, but I've never seen the names of these ships noted
Could this have been some sort of military strategy game or outline of
The military want to have military dominance of space. What I
found could be a game -- it's hard to know for certain.
Some say that you have given the UFO motivation for your hacking as a
distraction from more nefarious activities.
I was looking before and after 9/11. If I had wanted to distract
anyone, I would not have chosen ufology, as this opens me up to ridicule.
Tell me about your experiences with law enforcement and the procedures
you have gone through.
I was arrested by the British National Hi Tech Crime Unit in
March 2002. They held me in custody for about six or seven hours. My own
computer and ones I was fixing for other people were taken away. The other
machines were eventually returned, but they kept my hard drive that was
sent to the U.S. It was November 2002 when the U.S. Department of Justice
started their efforts to extradite me.
The British Crown Prosecution Service dropped charges against you
because your activities did not involve British computers.
I was to be officially charged in 2003 but a warrant wasn't
given until 2004.... In June or July 2005, I was scooped from the street
by Scotland Yard. I was kept at Belgravia Police Station overnight. I just
wore what I had on when I was out; I didn't get a chance to wear a suit in
court. I was given police bail.
When will they make a decision about extradition?
It's down to the Home Secretary, John Reid. The deadline for
representations is 21 June 2006. Even after that date, it could be as much
as 11 months for him to decide on my fate.
How have you been coping?
God, it's very worrying and stressful. It's been worse because
I'm unemployed. I worked on and off in IT, contracting and stuff, before
this, but no one will touch me with a large barge pole now.