INDEX OF ARTICLES:
--click on any title to go directly to the article,
click on the article title to return to this list--
ANCIENT CIVILIZATION / ANCIENT
NEW TOMB FOUND
NEAR KING TUT
WERE FIRST BLONDES TO HAVE FUN
MERCHANT SHIP FOUND
TOMBS UNEARTHED IN HENAN
CRYPTOZOOLOGY / FLORA & FAUNA
DOZENS OF NEW SPECIES IN 'LOST WORLD'
SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE OF BIGFOOT COLONY
GEOLOGY / EARTH
LOSS DOUBLES IN PAST DECADE
'WARMEST FOR MILLENNIUM'
CLIMATES SUGGEST EARTH ON PATH TO GLOBAL WARMING
EARTH IN 1000 YEARS
MYSTERIOUS FLASHES ABOVE EARTH
EATING DOWNTOWN L.A.
SPACE ROCK REOPENS
CRATER HAS WATER
SIMILAR TO ROSWELL DEBRIS
MARS TWIN TOWERS
SPACE / SCIENCE
MIGHT INDICATE MINING
STRUCTURES ON THE MOON
TOP TEN LIST OF
SEQUENCE COMPLETE GENOME OF WOOLLY MAMMOTH
UFO / ET
ARE WE ALONE?
FOR UFO COVERUP
BASE OFF S CALIFORNIA COAST?
NINE THEORIES OF
WALES UFO CRASH
UFO SLEUTH ON
TRAIL OF MYSTERY AT SEA
CLOSER TO AN ERA OF MIND CONTROL
GIVING DÉJÀ VU
A SECOND LOOK
SEARCH FOR THE PARANORMAL
THE PARADOX OF
OBJECTS NEAR AIRPLANES PHOTOGRAPHED
Jalisco, Mexico, 01-28-06
The UFO Casebook received the following report on 01-30-06 of a
sighting with photographs on 01-28-06:
I'm going to send you two clear examples of objects which are
flying near airplanes. I can only see one object in the second photo; but it
flying very fast. In the first photograph, I didn't see the object but it
appeared when the picture was uploaded to my computer. It was a cloudy day when
the photos were taken. The photos were taken with a Kodak Easy Share DX4530
digital camera in auto mode, near the airport of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.
A big thanks to ofnava for sending in his report and photos.
SOURCE: UFO Casebook 2-06-06
SWEDISH FIGHTER CHASES UFO
Clas Svahn UFO-Sweden reports, " The experienced Swedish Air Force pilot flew a
J-35F "Draken" fighter plane on a routine training mission between the islands
of Öland and Gotland in the Baltic Sea southeast of Sweden when he was diverted
to chase a target by the ground control radar about noon in the summer of 1977.
The ground control had picked up a target further East of Sweden, and the pilot
was at the time of the call around 100 kilometers from the target.
Identifying unknown targets were routine during these days, Swedish military
went up several times every week identifying Russian and American spy planes
flying in a strip outside Gotland. This time the target behaved different. The
radar control on ground, situated 100 kilometers from the object, reported it to
be stationary, something that was later confirmed by the pilot as he approached
the object. In a taped telephone interview made on June 19, 1999, the pilot told
me that he approached the target at a speed of Mach 0,9 and soon got the object
on his own radar screen. He was flying at 1.000 meters altitude straight towards
the UFO. and had the object 500 meters above his altitude.
"When I was 10 kilometers from the object it suddenly started to move straight
up", he told me. "I never saw it with my naked eye, but could follow it on my
radar and decided to light up (the after burner) and started to follow the
target. I had a perfect lock on it all the time. His "Draken", which was the
latest model J-35F, climbed at an angle of 70 degrees trying to keep up with the
target. According to the pilot he never came closer than 6-8 kilometers. "When I
was at 10.000 meters the object flew out of the radar range, straight out in
space. It was at an altitude of 40 to 50 kilometers at that time.
I aborted the chase but stayed in the area for 2-3 minutes trying to locate the
object but was unable to find anything." "My aircraft was leaving vapor trails
behind me, but the object left none", he says. "I really looked for them but
there were none." The weather was fine with 3/8 cumulus. His comments were, "I
do not know of any single aircraft that would have been able to - from zero -
out fly a "Draken" at that time." He never reported the incident after landing
at the airbase F-12 in Kalmar at the time but reported to ground control that
the object was gone as he came to the scene. "The ground control radar did not
look at vertical movements after they had led me to the target, so when the
object started moving upwards it just seamed to have vanished of the screen for
them", the pilot said. The incident came to UFO-Sweden's attention when he sent
an e-mail to us a couple of years ago. On June 19, 1999, I made a telephone
interview with him. Sadly he died in a helicopter accident a year after.
Thanks to Clas Svahn UFO-Sweden
SOURCE: Filer's Files #6 - 8 Feb 2006
NEW TOMB FOUND NEAR KING TUTBy Rossella Lorenzi, Discovery News
See pictures of the inside of King Tut's tomb:
Feb. 11, 2006 — American archaeologists have found King Tut's neighbors in the
Valley of the Kings, making the first discovery of a new tomb in the desert
valley since King Tutankhamun's was uncovered in 1922, according to Egypt's
Supreme Council of Antiquities.
Called KV 63 — it is the 63rd discovered since the valley was first mapped in
the 18th century — the new, intact tomb was found just 16 feet away from the boy
pharaoh's resting place by a team of archaeologists from the University of
Memphis, led by Otto Schaden.
Schaden discovered the tomb, buried under 13 feet of rubble and stones, by
accident, while conducting "routine digs" on the nearby tomb of King Amenmesses,
a 19th Dynasty pharaoh.
"The tomb appears to date to the 18th Dynasty (ca. 1539-1292 B.C.) and it
contains five human mummies and several pottery vessels," the University of
Memphis said in a statement.
So far, archaeologists have not entered the burial site, as workers are still
clearing rubble. However, Egyptian authorities had a first look Friday into the
rectangular single chamber through an opening of its four-foot-high door.
Five wooden sarcophagi in human shapes with colored funerary masks laid
surrounded by more than 20 jars, sealed with pharaonic seals, Zahi Hawass, head
of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, said.
The jars were placed haphazardly, as if the burial was completed in a hurry.
"For an unknown reason they were buried rapidly in the small tomb," Hawass said.
Though the Valley of the Kings, on the West bank of the Nile outside Luxor, was
the burial ground for many pharaohs, the University of Memphis archaeologists do
not think the K63 mummies are royal.
Most likely, they were members of a pharaoh's court from the 18th Dynasty, when
Egypt's power was at its height.
The first of the New Kingdom, the 18th Dynasty's capital was in Thebes, the
present day city of Luxor. It included pharaohs such as Amenhotep I, the warrior
pharaoh, Queen Hatshepsut, Egypt's only female pharaoh, Akhenaten, the "heretic"
pharaoh and Tutankhamun, the boy pharaoh.
According to Patricia Podzorski, curator of Egyptian Art at the University of
Memphis, the KV 63 discovery has finally broken the century-long belief that
there wasn't anything left to discover in the Valley of the Kings.
"Many archaeologists said the valley was done 100 years ago¦ obviously, they
were wrong," Podzorski said.
CAVE GIRLS WERE FIRST BLONDES TO HAVE FUNRoger Dobson and Abul Taher
THE modern gentleman may prefer blondes. But new research has found that it was
cavemen who were the first to be lured by flaxen locks.
According to the study, north European women evolved blonde hair and blue eyes
at the end of the Ice Age to make them stand out from their rivals at a time of
fierce competition for scarce males.
The study argues that blond hair originated in the region because of food
shortages 10,000-11,000 years ago. Until then, humans had the dark brown hair
and dark eyes that still dominate in the rest of the world. Almost the only
sustenance in northern Europe came from roaming herds of mammoths, reindeer,
bison and horses. Finding them required long, arduous hunting trips in which
numerous males died, leading to a high ratio of surviving women to men.
Lighter hair colors, which started as rare mutations, became popular for
breeding and numbers increased dramatically, according to the research,
published under the aegis of the University of St Andrews.
“Human hair and eye color are unusually diverse in northern and eastern Europe
(and their) origin over a short span of evolutionary time indicates some kind of
selection,” says the study by Peter Frost, a Canadian anthropologist. Frost adds
that the high death rate among male hunters “increased the pressures of sexual
selection on early European women, one possible outcome being an unusual complex
of color traits.”
Frost’s theory, to be published this week in Evolution and Human Behavior, the
academic journal, was supported by Professor John Manning, a specialist in
evolutionary psychology at the University of Central Lancashire. “Hair and eye
color tend to be uniform in many parts of the world, but in Europe there is a
welter of variants,” he said. “The mate choice explanation now being put forward
is, in my mind, close to being correct.”
Frost’s theory is also backed up by a separate scientific analysis of north
European genes carried out at three Japanese universities, which has isolated
the date of the genetic mutation that resulted in blond hair to about 11,000
The hair color gene MC1R has at least seven variants in Europe and the
continent has an unusually wide range of hair and eye shades. In the rest of the
world, dark hair and eyes are overwhelmingly dominant.
Just how such variety emerged over such a short period of time in one part of
the world has long been a mystery. According to the new research, if the changes
had occurred by the usual processes of evolution, they would have taken about
850,000 years. But modern humans, emigrating from Africa, reached Europe only
35,000-40,000 years ago.
Instead, Frost attributes the rapid evolution to how they gathered food. In
Africa there was less dependence on animals and women were able to collect fruit
for themselves. In Europe, by contrast, food gathering was almost exclusively a
male hunter’s preserve. The retreating ice sheets left behind a landscape of
fertile soil with plenty of grass and moss for herbivorous animals to eat, but
few plants edible for humans. Women therefore took on jobs such as building
shelters and making clothes while the men went on hunting trips, where the death
rate was high.
The increase in competition for males led to rapid change as women struggled to
evolve the most alluring qualities. Frost believes his theory is supported by
studies which show blonde hair is an indicator for high estrogen levels in
Jilly Cooper, 69, the author, described how in her blonde youth she had
“certainly got more glances. I remember when I went to Majorca when I was 20, my
bum was sore from getting pinched.”
However, Jodie Kidd, 27, the blonde model, disagrees with the theory: “I don’t
think being blonde makes you more ripe for sexual activity. It’s much more to do
with personality than what you look like. Beauty is much deeper than the color
of your hair.”
Film star blondes such as Marilyn Monroe, Brigitte Bardot, Sharon Stone and
Scarlett Johansson are held up as ideals of feminine allure. However, the future
of the blonde is uncertain.
A study by the World Health Organization found that natural blonds are likely to
be extinct within 200 years because there are too few people carrying the blond
gene. According to the WHO study, the last natural blond is likely to be born in
Finland during 2202.
ANCIENT GREEK MERCHANT SHIP FOUNDBy Jennifer Viegas, Discovery News
Feb. 3, 2006 — Photographs taken by an undersea robot are providing the first
public glimpse of a wrecked ancient Greek merchant ship loaded with olive oil
and wine that probably capsized in a sudden gust of wind off the coast of the
island of Chios in the fourth century B.C.
The images represent a breakthrough in underwater technology since the
exploration of the Titanic; the robot photographer in this case was fully
autonomous, according to a recent MIT press release.
Scientists program the robot, called "SeaBED," with missions that can be changed
via an acoustic modem once the robot is launched.
The project, which brought together research teams from MIT, the Woods Hole
Oceanographic Institution, the Greek Ministry of Culture and the Hellenic Center
for Marine Research, is also providing clues about ancient vessels and early
Brendan Foley, one of the project's leaders and a researcher in WHOI's Deep
Submergence Laboratory, told Discovery News that the single-masted ship was
about 55 feet long and 16 feet wide. He believes some of its wooden hull is
still intact beneath sea floor sediments.
Strewn across the eastern Aegean Sea floor below 200 feet of water lies what's
left of the ship's cargo.
Since the remains are tightly contained within the dimensions of the wreckage
site, the researchers theorize wind might have violently heeled the ship,
shifted the cargo and then made the ship unstable before it capsized.
Foley and his colleagues think the vessel once carried around 1,000 ceramic jars
called amphorae, several of which have survived.
"The amphorae from Chios are slightly less than 39 inches tall, and contained
approximately five gallons," Foley said. He explained that chemical analysis,
along with other evidence, suggests many contained wine.
He added, "As far as olive oil, sometimes olive pits are found in amphoras.
Occasionally amphoras show sign of re-use, with resin-lined amphoras containing
olive pits. So, we surmise based on previous archaeological evidence and texts
that the amphoras on the Chios Classical wreck carried wine and also possibly
Since the containers came from Chios, the researchers suspect that if the
shipment was intended for a single market, the vessel likely was headed for
Corinth or Athens before it capsized.
"However," Foley said, "in 356-354 B.C., just before we think this ship sank,
Athens fought a war against Chios and other former allies in the eastern Aegean,
called the 'Social War.' Questions we have are, 'What was the nature of Chios'
economy after the Social War? Did Chios and Athens resume their trade upon the
conclusion of that war? Did Chios find new markets instead?"
Another unsolved mystery is the fate of the men who manned the vessel. The
scientists think there were three or four, and they might have survived.
"The ship wrecked less than a mile from shore, so it is possible that the crew
and any passengers might have made their way to shore by swimming or by clinging
to bits of floating wreckage," Foley said.
Jonathan Adams, a specialist in maritime archaeology at the University of
Southampton in England, told Discovery News that while this vessel is not the
oldest shipwreck, a distinction that goes to a 3,300-year-old boat that sunk off
the coast of Turkey, it "is interesting due to its well-organized cargo, which
suggests the Greeks were already quite industrialized."
Adams also said the research is noteworthy because it could enhance our
understanding of trade in the classical world, and because the exploration
utilized such high-tech equipment.
This June, Foley and his colleagues plan to return to the Aegean to study an
underwater volcano and two other ancient shipwrecks.
TITANIC'S MISSING PIECES?February 27, 2006
Now that the new discovery of the keel sections of Titanic have been publicly
released, it is time for the Titanic enthusiasts to mull over the information.
Although a discovery of this magnitude answers several questions, it poses even
more questions about its interpretation. The naval architect, Roger Long gave a
very plausible explanation of how two relatively intact keel sections could be
found in a newly discovered debris field east of the main bow and stern sections
of the wreck site. I find that I have so many questions to address regarding his
potential scenario of the sinking. At times I found myself talking to the
television and saying "No way!"
Obviously I was not the only one that was saying something similar. Parks
Stephenson, one of the show's technical experts that was portrayed at Woods Hole
and member of the marine forensics panel of the Society of Naval Engineers, has
a different take on the data retrieved from the discovery. His views can be
found on his web site at Marconigraph.com and his analysis of the sinking seems
more logical to me. That is not to say it is right or wrong, but I am more
comfortable with his thoughts at the present time.
I am very grateful to David Concannon and Robert Williams for setting this whole
investigative theory into an active hunt for the new evidence. In 2003, both
Robert Williams and Fred McLaren spent their entire dives doing "sand sweeps"
outside the perimeter of the main sections of Titanic in pursuit of keel pieces.
Even though they had limited success, their time spent on the bottom ruled out
sections that needed to be explored. I am sure that the limited amount of dives
available to the latest research team can owe these researchers a debt of thanks
for narrowing their search pattern.
As the new evidence is being "digested" by the many interested Titanic
enthusiasts, including me, there will be many new and ingenious interpretations
of the new discovery. For further analysis of the bow and stern sections of the
ship, please visit our corporate web site and in the text of the homepage,
select Educational Services for photographs of the wreck site from this year's
scientific research Titanic exploration. I certainly need more information to
satisfy my own curiosity. This new evidence does not rule out the grounding
theory but certainly assists in a more accurate portrayal of speculation about
Titanic's sinking. I think that Roger and Parks explanations, both very
different, are a wonderful foundation for further research and study. I commend
all of these individuals for putting together a thoroughly enjoyable evening
that will be talked about for years to come!
3,000-YEAR-OLD TOMBS UNEARTHED IN HENAN
ZHENGZHOU, Feb. 9 (Xinhuanet) -- Archaeologists in the central China province of
Henan have excavated 336 tombs dating back more than 3,000 years.
Arranged in a U shape, the tombs were unearthed near Hebi City at the Liuzhuang
ruins of the Shang Dynasty (1600-1046 B.C.). Funeral objects were discovered in
208 of the 336 tombs, including tomahawks, strings of turquoise stone beads,
ancient cooking vessels and basins.
The most noticeable among these tombs contained a stone coffin, which was formed
by 13 stones. Archaeologists also discovered that in some of the tombs, stones
were put beside the head or feet of the tomb owner.
Judging from the few funeral objects in each tomb and the shape and structure of
the tombs, archaeologists said that the tombs belonged to a clan of middle to
lower class of their day.
This is the first time that such a great number of Shang tombs have been
unearthed in Henan Province and the discovery provides valuable evidence for
studying the funeral rituals, social structure, and culture of the Shang
Dynasty, said Zhao Xinping, a research fellow with the Henan Provincial Cultural
Heritage and Archaeological Research Institute.
The discovery of the stone coffin, which had not previously been seen in central
China at that time, provides clues to the origin of the Shang people, Zhao said.
Located to the south of Liuzhuang Village of Qibin District in Hebi City, the
Liuzhuang ruins covers more than 300,000 sq m. So far an area of 7,700 sq m. has
SCIENTISTS FIND DOZENS OF NEW SPECIES IN 'LOST WORLD'Conservation.org 2-7-6
JAKARTA, Indonesia - Scientists surveying an isolated Indonesian jungle
discovered dozens of new species of frogs, butterflies and plants, and glimpsed
large mammals that have been hunted to near- extinction elsewhere, the team
The expedition also found rare animals that were remarkably unafraid of humans
during the rapid survey of the Foja Mountains, an area with more than a million
hectares of old growth tropical forest in Indonesia's easternmost Papua
province, said Bruce Beehler, a co-leader of the month-long trip.
Two Long-Beaked Echidnas, a primitive egg-laying mammal, simply allowed
scientists to pick them up and bring them back to their camp to be studied, he
said, noting that the enigmatic animals were probably so unwary because they
never had seen people before.
The December 2005 expedition - organized by the U.S.-based environmental
organization Conservation International and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences
- was funded by the National Geographic Society, the Swift Foundation, the
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the Global Environment Project Institute.
Papua, the scene of a decades-long separatist rebellion that has left an
estimated 100,000 people dead, is one of Indonesia's most remote provinces,
geographically and politically, and access by foreigners is tightly restricted.
The 11-member team of U.S., Indonesian and Australian scientists needed six
permits before they could legally fly by helicopter to an open, boggy lakebed
surrounded by forests near the range's western summit, where they set up camp at
an altitude of 1,500 meters (yards).
"There was not a single trail, no sign of civilization, no sign of even local
communities ever having been there," said Beehler, adding that two headmen from
the Kwerba and Papasena tribes, the customary landowners of the Foja Mountains,
accompanied the expedition.
"They were as astounded as we were at how isolated it was," he told The
Associated Press in a telephone interview from Washington D.C. "As far as they
knew, neither of their clans had ever been to the area."
The scientists said they discovered 20 frog species - including a tiny
microhylid frog less than 14 millimeters (a half inch) long - four new butterfly
species, and at least five new types of palms during their trip.
Their findings, however, will have to be published and then reviewed by peers
before being officially classified as new species, a process that could take six
months to several years.
One of the most remarkable discoveries was the Golden-mantled Tree Kangaroo, an
arboreal jungle-dweller new for Indonesia and previously thought to have been
hunted to near extinction, and a new honeyeater bird, which has a bright orange
face-patch with a pendant wattle under each eye, Beehler said.
Because of the rich diversity in the forest, the group rarely had to stray more
than a few kilometers (miles) from their base camp.
"We've only scratched the surface," said Beehler, vice president of Conservation
International's Melanesia Center for Biodiversity Conservation, who hopes to
return later this year with other scientists to continue the field work.
One of the reasons for the rainforest's isolation, he said, was that only a few
hundred people live in the region and game in the mountain's foothills was so
abundant that they had no reason to venture into the jungle's interior.
There did not appear to be any immediate conservation threat to the area, which
has the status of a wildlife sanctuary, he said.
"No logging permits are given to this area, there is no transport system - not a
single road," Beehler said.
"But clearly with time everything is a threat. In the next few decades there
will be strong demands, especially if you think of the timber needs of nearby
countries like China and Japan. They will be very hungry for logs."
SOCIETY CLAIMS SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE OF BIGFOOT COLONY
JOHOR BAHARU -- The Johor Wildlife Protection Society said it has "scientific
evidence" to prove the existence of Bigfoot whose reported sightings recently in
the Johor jungles have excited the world's media.
Not just one Bigfoot but a whole colony of the giant, hairy creatures which the
society named "Orang Lenggor" (Lenggor People) as one was spotted in an area by
that name, said the society's secretary Tay Teng Hwa.
"We will make public the evidence soon," he said today.
He said a member of the society had studied the creatures for six years and
interacted directly with the colony.
"The adult creatures are between 10 and 12 feet tall while their children are 6
to 7 footers. Seventy per cent of the Orang Lenggor have a human appearance but
the rest resemble apes," he said.
Tay declined to reveal the location of the Bigfoot colony or the type of
"scientific evidence" in the possession of the society.
The claim by the society followed a statement by Johor Menteri Besar Datuk Abdul
Ghani Othman that he was convinced about the existence of Bigfoot based on
information provided by Orang Asli.
Tay said the society decided to reveal its discovery because foreigners armed
with sophisticated equipment were entering the Johor jungles to track down
Bigfoot without the knowledge of the state government.
"We are worried these foreigners might find Bigfoot and then announce to the
world as their discovery," he said.
Relating the background to the society's study of the creatures, he said a
member of the society, who was a logger, came across Bigfoot when the creature
encroached into the logging company's base camp to look for food. Since that
incident, the member began to study the creatures and went close to their
Tay said the creatures, despite their size and rough appearance, were timid and
showed no aggression to humans who approached them.
The "Orang Lenggor" had a covering of black hair on their bodies when they were
young but the hair gradually turned brown as they grew older, he said.
"They like to eat fish and fruits they gather in the jungles, including durian.
They also have a liking for river water that contains dissolved salt and would
walk for miles to get it," he added. Tay said the society would organize an
expedition to the "Orang Lenggor" colony in either March or April.
Source: Bernama/Malaysian National News Agency
Conspiracy Journal 2/24/06 #354
GREENLAND ICE LOSS DOUBLES IN PAST DECADE, RAISING SEA LEVEL FASTERNews Release: 2006-023 February 16, 2006
The loss of ice from Greenland doubled between 1996 and 2005, as its glaciers
flowed faster into the ocean in response to a generally warmer climate,
according to a NASA/University of Kansas study.
The study will be published tomorrow in the journal Science. It concludes the
changes to Greenland's glaciers in the past decade are widespread, large and
sustained over time. They are progressively affecting the entire ice sheet and
increasing its contribution to global sea level rise.
Researchers Eric Rignot of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.,
and Pannir Kanagaratnam of the University of Kansas Center for Remote Sensing of
Ice Sheets, Lawrence, used data from Canadian and European satellites. They
conducted a nearly comprehensive survey of Greenland glacial ice discharge rates
at different times during the past 10 years.
"The Greenland ice sheet's contribution to sea level is an issue of considerable
societal and scientific importance," Rignot said. "These findings call into
question predictions of the future of Greenland in a warmer climate from
computer models that do not include variations in glacier flow as a component of
change. Actual changes will likely be much larger than predicted by these
The evolution of Greenland's ice sheet is being driven by several factors. These
include accumulation of snow in its interior, which adds mass and lowers sea
level; melting of ice along its edges, which decreases mass and raises sea
level; and the flow of ice into the sea from outlet glaciers along its edges,
which also decreases mass and raises sea level. This study focuses on the least
well known component of change, which is glacial ice flow. Its results are
combined with estimates of changes in snow accumulation and ice melt from an
independent study to determine the total change in mass of the Greenland ice
Rignot said this study offers a comprehensive assessment of the role of enhanced
glacier flow, whereas prior studies of this nature had significant coverage
gaps. Estimates of mass loss from areas without coverage relied upon models that
assumed no change in ice flow rates over time. The researchers theorized if
glacier acceleration is an important factor in the evolution of the Greenland
ice sheet, its contribution to sea level rise was being underestimated.
To test this theory, the scientists measured ice velocity with interferometric
synthetic-aperture radar data collected by the European Space Agency's Earth
Remote Sensing Satellites 1 and 2 in 1996; the Canadian Space Agency's
Radarsat-1 in 2000 and 2005; and the European Space Agency's Envisat Advanced
Synthetic Aperture Radar in 2005. They combined the ice velocity data with ice
sheet thickness data from airborne measurements made between 1997 and 2005,
covering almost Greenland's entire coast, to calculate the volumes of ice
transported to the ocean by glaciers and how these volumes changed over time.
The glaciers surveyed by those satellite and airborne instrument data drain a
sector encompassing nearly 1.2 million square kilometers (463,000 square miles),
or 75 percent of the Greenland ice sheet total area.
From 1996 to 2000, widespread glacial acceleration was found at latitudes below
66 degrees north. This acceleration extended to 70 degrees north by 2005. The
researchers estimated the ice mass loss resulting from enhanced glacier flow
increased from 63 cubic kilometers in 1996 to 162 cubic kilometers in 2005.
Combined with the increase in ice melt and in snow accumulation over that same
time period, they determined the total ice loss from the ice sheet increased
from 96 cubic kilometers in 1996 to 220 cubic kilometers in 2005. To put this
into perspective, a cubic kilometer is one trillion liters (approximately 264
billion gallons of water), about a quarter more than Los Angeles uses in one
Glacier acceleration has been the dominant mode of mass loss of the ice sheet in
the last decade. From 1996 to 2000, the largest acceleration and mass loss came
from southeast Greenland. From 2000 to 2005, the trend extended to include
central east and west Greenland.
"In the future, as warming around Greenland progresses further north, we expect
additional losses from northwest Greenland glaciers, which will then increase
Greenland's contribution to sea level rise," Rignot said.
For information about NASA and agency programs on the Web, visit:
For University of Kansas Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets information,
Alan Buis (818) 354-0474, JPL, Pasadena, Calif.
Erica Hupp/Dwayne Brown (202) 358-1237/1726, NASA Headquarters, Washington
CLIMATE 'WARMEST FOR MILLENNIUM'
In the late 20th Century, the northern hemisphere experienced its most
widespread warmth for 1,200 years, according to the journal Science. The
findings support evidence pointing to unprecedented recent warming of the
climate linked to greenhouse emissions.
University of East Anglia researchers measured changes in fossil shells, tree
rings, ice cores and other past temperature records or "proxies". They also
looked at people's diaries from the last 750 years.
Timothy Osborn and Keith Briffa of UEA analyzed instrument measurements of
temperature from 1856 onwards to establish the geographic extent of recent
warming. Then they compared this data with evidence dating back as far as AD
The analysis confirmed periods of significant warmth in the Northern Hemisphere
from AD 890 - 1170 (the so-called "Medieval Warm Period") and for much colder
periods from 1580 - 1850 (the "Little Ice Age").
The UEA team showed that the present warm period is the most widespread
temperature anomaly of any kind since the ninth century.
"The [period of the] last 100 years is more striking than either [the Medieval
Warm Period or Little Ice Age]. It is a period of widespread warmth affecting
nearly all the records that we analyzed from the same time," co-author Timothy
Osborn told the BBC.
Osborn and Briffa used 14 sets of temperature records from different locations
across the Northern Hemisphere. The records included long life evergreen trees
growing in Scandinavia, Siberia and the Rockies which had been cored to reveal
the patterns of wide and narrow tree rings over time. Wider rings related to
The chemical composition of ice from cores drilled in the Greenland ice sheets
revealed which years were warmer than others. The researchers used proxy data
developed from the diaries of people living in the Netherlands and Belgium
during the past 750 years that revealed, for example, the years when the canals
"These records extend over many centuries and even thousands of years. We simply
counted how many of those records indicated that, in any one year, temperatures
were warmer than average for the region they came from," said Dr Osborn.
Professor John Waterhouse, director of the Environmental Sciences Research
Centre Anglia Ruskin University in Cambridge commented: "Although we're getting
increasingly accurate measurements of present-day temperature, we've got nothing
like that from the past to compare those with. There's much uncertainty in past
reconstructions. You've got to look at the reconstructed data in the past in
light of the likely errors that those data have."
But he added: "As we get more and more evidence in, it is looking as if the
current period is the warmest for over 1,000 years."
In November, Science published a paper showing atmospheric levels of the
greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane are higher now than at any time in
the past 650,000 years.
Conspiracy Journal 2/17/06 #353
STUDIES OF ANCIENT CLIMATES SUGGEST EARTH IS
February 17, 2006
NOW ON A FAST TRACK TO GLOBAL
Human activities are releasing greenhouse gases more than 30 times faster than
the rate of emissions that triggered a period of extreme global warming in the
Earth's past, according to an expert on ancient climates.
"The emissions that caused this past episode of global warming probably lasted
10,000 years. By burning fossil fuels, we are likely to emit the same amount
over the next three centuries," said James Zachos, professor of Earth sciences
at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Zachos presented his findings this week at the annual meeting of the American
Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in St. Louis. He is a leading
expert on the episode of global warming known as the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal
Maximum (PETM), when global temperatures shot up by 5 degrees Celsius
Fahrenheit). This abrupt shift in the Earth's climate took place 55 million
years ago at the end of the Paleocene epoch as the result of a massive release
of carbon into the atmosphere in the form of two greenhouse gases: methane and
Previous estimates put the amount of released carbon at 2 trillion tons, but
Zachos showed that more than twice that amount--about 4.5 trillion tons--entered
the atmosphere over a period of 10,000 years (Science, June 10, 2005). If
present trends continue, this is the same amount of carbon that industries and
automobiles will emit during the next 300 years, Zachos said.
Once the carbon is released into the atmosphere, it takes a long time for
natural mechanisms, such as ocean absorption and rock weathering, to remove
excess carbon from the air and store it in the soil and marine sediments.
Weathering of land rocks removes carbon dioxide permanently from the air, but is
a slow process requiring tens of thousands of years. The ocean absorbs carbon
dioxide much more rapidly, but only to a point. The gas first dissolves in the
thin surface layer of the ocean, but this surface layer quickly becomes
saturated and its ability to absorb more carbon dioxide declines.
Only mixing with the deeper layers can help restore the ability of the surface
water to absorb additional carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. But the natural
processes that mix and circulate water between the ocean surface and deeper
ocean layers work very slowly. A complete "mixing cycle" takes about 500 to
1,000 years, Zachos said.
The greenhouse emissions that triggered the PETM initially exceeded the ocean's
absorption capacity, allowing carbon to accumulate in the atmosphere.
Unfortunately, humans appear to be adding carbon dioxide to the air at a much
faster rate: about the same amount of carbon (4.5 trillion tons), but within a
few centuries instead of 10,000 years. What was emitted 55 million years ago
over a period of about 20 ocean mixing cycles is now being emitted over a
fraction of a cycle.
"The rate at which the ocean is absorbing carbon will soon decrease," Zachos
Compounding this concern is the possibility that higher temperatures could
retard ocean mixing, further reducing the ocean's capacity to absorb carbon
dioxide. This could have the kind of "positive feedback" effect that climate
researchers worry about: reduced absorption, leaving more carbon dioxide in the
air, causing more warming.
Higher ocean temperatures could also slowly release massive quantities of
methane that now lie frozen in marine deposits. A greenhouse gas 20 times more
potent than carbon dioxide, methane in the atmosphere would accelerate global
warming even further.
Such positive feedback or "threshold" effects probably drove global warming
during the PETM and a few other ancient climate extremes, Zachos said, and they
could happen again. It is possible that we already are in the early stages of a
similar climate shift, he said.
"Records of past climate change show that change starts slowly and then
accelerates," he said. "The system crosses some kind of threshold."
Clues to what happened during the PETM lie buried deep inside the sediment at
the bottom of the sea, which Zachos and his colleagues have probed during
several cruises of the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP). Composed mainly of clay and
the carbonate shells of microplankton, this sediment accumulates slowly, but
steadily--up to 2 centimeters every millennium--and faithfully records changes
in ocean chemistry. The layer of sediment deposited during the PETM, now buried
hundreds of meters below the seafloor, tells a clear and compelling story of
sudden change and slow recovery, he said.
During the PETM, unknown factors released vast quantities of methane that had
been lying frozen in sediment deposits on the ocean floor. After release, most
of the methane reacted with dissolved oxygen to form carbon dioxide, which made
the seawater more acidic. Acidic seawater corrodes the carbonate shells of
microplankton, dissolving them before they can reach the ocean floor and
reducing the carbonate content of marine sediment.
Zachos led an international team of scientists that analyzed sediment cores
recovered from several locations during an ODP cruise in the southeastern
Atlantic. Collected at depths ranging from 2.5 to 4.8 kilometers (1.6 to 3.0
miles), each sediment core bore a telltale PETM imprint: a 10- to 30-centimeter
layer of dark red carbonate-free clay sandwiched between bright white
By relating the thickness of the clay layer to the rate of accumulation of
marine sediment, Zachos estimated that it took 100,000 years after the PETM for
carbon dioxide levels in the air and water to return to normal. This finding is
consistent with what geochemists have predicted using models of how the global
carbon cycle will respond to carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil
"We set out to test the hypotheses put forward by a small group of geochemists
who model the global carbon cycle, and our findings support their predictions,"
Zachos said. "It will take tens of thousands of years before atmospheric carbon
dioxide comes down to pre-industrial levels. Even after humans stop burning
fossil fuels, the effects will be long lasting."
SOURCE: University of California, Santa Cruz
WATERWORLD: HOW LIFE ON EARTH WILL LOOK IN 1000 YEARS
By the next millennium the global map will have been redrawn by disastrous
climate changes, according to a new forecast. An apocalyptic vision of life
1,000 years from now has been painted by a team of scientists studying the
effect of global warming.
If mankind does not put its house in order, temperatures could have risen by 15C
(27F) by the year 3000 and sea levels by more than 11 meters (36ft), flooding
much of London, the team, from the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research,
says in a report for the Environment Agency. Abrupt changes could make Britain
much hotter, or even — such is the uncertainty of the predictions — first colder
and then hotter.
This could happen if the North Atlantic current system collapsed, denying
Britain the warming effect of the Gulf Stream. Ocean surface temperatures would
fall by 3C (5.4F), but as the Arctic sea ice melted, they would rise again by 8C
(14.4F) in an abrupt turnabout over a period of no more than about 20 years.
Climate Change on the Millennial Timescale is the first study to examine
comprehensively the impacts of global warming beyond the end of this century. It
calls for continued efforts to cut the emission of global-warming gases to
prevent the changes from getting out of control.
Baroness Young of Old Scone, the chief executive of the Environment Agency,
said: "We are running out of road on decision-making. Unless we dramatically
change the use of fossil fuels then we will be committing future generations to
the most severe impacts of climate change."
By the year 3000, the report says:
- Global warming could have more than quadrupled, with temperature rises of as
much as 15C, if we continue burning fossil fuels
- Sea levels will still be rising at the end of this millennium and the total
increase could reach 11.4 meters. This dwarfs estimates made by the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that sea levels will rise by between
16cm and 69cm by the 2080s
- Anything more than a two-meter rise would flood large areas of Bangladesh,
Florida and many low-lying cities, and displace hundreds of millions of people
- Abrupt climate changes are possible even after emissions cease because changes
may be set in motion that cannot be stopped
- The acidity of the oceans will fall significantly, posing a threat to marine
organisms such as corals and plankton. That, in turn, would affect the whole
- The changes could be even greater than this if the climate turns out to be
more sensitive to greenhouse gas emissions than the study assumes.
The solution, the team says, is to reduce emissions to zero by 2200.
Tim Lenton, lead author of the study, said: "While most studies stop at year
2100 with temperatures and sea level rising, we explored where they are heading
into the next millennium. Only by starting to reduce carbon dioxide emissions
now can we avoid dangerous climate change."
The message is that the world can afford to burn only about a quarter of its
known reserves of fossil fuels. This implies a small increase in global
emissions up to 2025, and reducing and eliminating them by 2200.
"If we follow business-as usual then we will commit future generations to
dangerous climate change," Dr Lenton said. The risk was that of returning the
Earth to a hot state it had not been in since 55 million years ago.
Baroness Young said: "Tough decisions are needed soon. Many of our coastal towns
could be in jeopardy and immediate action needs to be taken if we are to avoid
many of these impacts.
"We need to get tough on energy efficiency. This means much tighter standards
for buildings and government providing proper incentives for businesses from the
transport sector if we are to meet our 2010 target of 20 per cent carbon
reduction and tackle more strenuous targets for 2020."
Source: The Times Online
Conspiracy Journal 2/24/06 #354
VIDEOS HELP EXPLAIN MYSTERIOUS FLASHES ABOVE EARTHRobert Roy Britt, LiveScience Managing Editor
LiveScience.com Thu Feb 16, 2006
Back in the 1980s, airline pilots were told they must have been seeing things
when they reported flashes of light shooting toward space atop thunderstorms.
But in recent years, scientists have photographed the mysterious flashes and
come up with interesting names for them: elves, blue jets, tigers and sprites.
The flashes are associated with thunderstorms, and each type is incredibly brief
and behaves differently.
A new effort has produced the best images and video of sprites ever obtained.
The research, to be detailed Feb. 22 in the online version of the journal
Geophysical Research Letters, should help scientists better understand the
physics and chemistry of the events.
"By analyzing the high-speed images in sequence, we've been able to clearly
define, for the first time, the processes by which sprites develop and what
happens inside of them," said Steven Cummer of Duke University. "This
understanding of sprite structure is a necessary step to further elucidate
sprite dynamics and their possible effects on the upper atmosphere."
You’re not crazy(http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/planetearth/red_sprites_991208.html)
Sprites were first imaged, by accident, in 1989, proving that airline pilots
were not crazy. In the late 1990s, researchers began to make high-speed videos
of the events.
Like lightning, sprites are electrical discharges. They are driven by a strong
electrical field above a thunderstorm and so are associated with regular
lightning, Cummer and his colleagues reported last year.
The duration of a sprite is literally less than the blink of an eye. They
generally occur 20 to 50 miles above a thunderstorm, so spotting them from the
ground requires a vantage point away from the clouds.
The new videos, shot last summer from a mountain in Colorado overlooking Kansas
and Nebraska, were taken at 5,000 frames per second. The trickiest part: Because
the cameras gather so much data, they could only be turned on when the
researchers thought they spotted a sprite. Over the course of two months, the
team captured 66 sprites on seven different nights.
The observations show that sprites normally start nearly 50 miles high.
Streamers rain down from the bottom of an initial, diffuse halo. The streamers
branch out on the way down. As all this is unfolding in the blink of an eye, a
bright column of light expands vertically from the starting point, reaching
toward both Earth and space.
Bright streamers then shoot higher into the night. Bright dots appear. Other
researchers have spotted these but nobody knows what they are. The dots glow
longer than the rest of the sprite. Some of the dots occur where streamers
collide, the new images reveal.
See the video in Quicktime
http://www.dukenews.duke.edu/mmedia/video/sprites.ram; credit: Steven
Cummer, Duke University
The dots might be important for understanding the chemistry of sprites and how
they affect the atmosphere.
"Electrons with enough energy to produce light can also produce interesting
chemical species not normally generated," Cummer said. "Such chemicals might be
long-lived and could be transported to other locations through the atmosphere."
Future research could yield insight into the connection between sprites and the
traditional lightning we see below a storm, Cummer said.
See more images of elves, blue jets, tigers and
Image Gallery: Lightning
Earth's Lightning Zaps Space, Too
Mystery Ocean Glow Confirmed in Satellite Photos
First Artificial Neon Sky Show Created
The Science of Lightning
Copyright © 2006 SPACE.com.
EARTH'S WOBBLE HAS PAUSEDThe Polar Motion Anomaly 2005/2006 Continues
At the moment the Earth has almost no net wobble motion, aside from very minor
quivers such as are typically caused by atmospheric and tidal conditions.
Chandler’s Wobble is virtually flat line. The daily track of the location of the
Spin Axis is showing only tiny little rotations of a few days in duration in
almost the same spot. Something has paused the normal spiral motion of the Spin
Axis. We can now deduce that there is a
relatively large, developing anomaly in the spiraling motion of the spin axis,
including an huge phase shift, a shortening of the length of the normal 7 year
cycle, the tightening of the spiral motion into an exceptionally small spiral,
and a major acceleration in the drift of the Spin Axis (secular drift of the
poles, or so-called True Polar Wander). This anomaly is on-going and portends
major changes in tectonic activity during ensuing years.
(ECB – February 8, 2006, MWM) For at least three and a half weeks there has been
almost no movement of the spin axis in the normal spiral track of Chandler’s
Wobble. See an extensive analysis of the pause in the wobble as of February 8,
2006 at the website. It is also being sent to subscribers via email directly
after this Bulletin. See the background report (as of Jan 18, 2006) and the
latest plot: Go immediately and see the current wobble track. This introduction
and all updates related to polar motion is written with the graph at
UPDATE 2/18: EARTH'S WOBBLE MAY BE RESUMING
Earth's Wobble May Be Resuming, Spin Axis now on heading due South towards
England down the X Plot
As previously discussed, this is likely a direction in which some portion of the
previous wobble pattern will "recover". Still almost no relative motion on the Y
Plot. To see the graphs, scroll down this page:
UPDATE 2/22: THE WOBBLE HAS MOVED MORE IN LAST WEEK
THAN DURING ALL OF JANUARY
The pace of motion of the Spin Axis in its wobble continues to appear to be
normalizing. Based on computer projections for the likely path, which the track
of the real wobble appears to be manifesting, it is highly probable that a major
phase shift has occurred in Chandler's Wobble. It is also more likely than not
that a significant jump in the average location of the pole has occurred but it
is too early to define the amount. At the moment both the X and Y plots are
showing the Wobble headed for another X Motion Peak but I am finding it
difficult to believe that it will continue in that pattern. As Hotno predicted,
it is likely to be nearly another two months before the new pattern is
SOURCE: EARTH CHANGES BULLETINS by MW Mandeville
MYSTERY BLOB EATING DOWNTOWN L.A.By Dana Bartholomew, Staff Writer
Los Angeles officials were still scratching their heads today over what caused a
mysterious black goo to burble from streets downtown, forcing the evacuation
hundreds of apartment dwellers.
A Los Angeles Fire Department spokesman said investigators had yet to identify
the "black tarry substance" more than 24 hours after it erupted at Olive Street
and Pico Boulevard. But he said there might be "a correlation" with a petroleum company drilling
"The samples we have taken - this was determined to be (a) nontoxin,
nonflammable, nonhazard," said fire Capt. Ernie Bobadilla. "We're looking to
I.D. the scope of the problem.
"This problem is not a simple fix."
About 200 residents were forced to flee as a hazardous materials team and dozens
of firefighters worked throughout the day to identify what was first deemed "a
black tarry substance" and later morphed into a "watery mud."
While outside temperatures struggled to break 60, sidewalks in the vicinity
steamed at 103 degrees, Los Angeles Fire Department spokesman Ron Myers said.
"It's worrisome in the fact that it will keep the street closed and residents
will be evacuated till the building is considered safe," Myers said.
Firefighters were alerted at 3 a.m. by complaints of a sewer-like smell at an
apartment house at 1220 S. Olive St. near Pico Boulevard, but found nothing.
They returned at 1 p.m. to find a Slimer-like ooze lurking beneath central Los
"We were called back because there was a gooey substance, a tarry-type
substance, coming out the underground electrical vaults, out of manhole covers
in the street, through the sidewalks and possibly in one older apartment
building," Myers said.
A 120-foot stretch of Olive buckled 1 1/2 feet, he said. The pre-1933
unreinforced masonry apartment building shifted one foot from its foundation.
Sidewalks were as hot as Jacuzzis.
And a pressurized liquid shot from every street orifice located above what used
to be a historic oil field downtown.
No one was injured in what amounted to a black lagoon. Hazmat and Urban Search
and Rescue crews determined that the mysterious substance wasn't flammable,
"Incident commanders are evaluating some form of drilling operation one or two
blocks away as the possible cause," he added.
"They told us to get out from the building, because, probably, I don't know,
anything could happen. The basement was flooding," resident Mary Robles told
KABC-TV, Channel 7.
By late afternoon, the American Red Cross had set up an evacuation center for
the 150 adults and 50 children forced to flee the stuff of nightmares.
"We're opening a shelter," said Nick Samaniego, spokesman for the Red Cross of
Greater Los Angeles. "We're looking for a place to put them."
Dana Bartholomew, (818) 713-3730
ATMOSPHERIC 'SPRITES' CAPTURED
NewScientist reports, "Mysterious flashes of light called "sprites", that occur
above thunderclouds during powerful storms, have been captured on film in
unprecedented detail by researchers using an ultra-high-speed camera. The best
images yet of the flashes – which resemble a giant undulating jellyfish with its
tentacles falling from a halo of light – have allowed the team to pick apart
their structure and mechanics. Sprites are fleeting events, which normally last
between 10 and 100 milliseconds." In summer 2005, researchers from Duke
University, and collaborators from FMA Research in Fort Collins, Colorado, kept
a watchful eye on the skies above Yucca Ridge Field Station hoping to capture
sprites in action using their 7000-frames-per-second camera. "The whole
structure develops a lot in one millisecond. So by going with the faster video
we really see all the pieces and how they develop in time," says Steven Cummer,
assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at Duke’s Pratt
School of Engineering.
And with so much energy being pumped into a small region, Cummer says sprites
may drive atmospheric chemistry that does not normally occur. "The significance
at this point lies in what chemical effects these [sprites] may have on the
upper atmosphere." The researchers say sprites typically begin at an altitude of
about 50 miles (80 Kilometers) in the sky in single spots where the electric
field creates spark. Those produce falling "streamers" that branch out as they
fall. Much brighter, thicker channels follow, expanding upward from the original
Editor's Note – UFOs videotaped from the Space Shuttle often hover over the
sprites apparently in an effort to take on energy. Thanks to Kimm Groshong New
Scientist.com news service.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #8 - 22 Feb 2006
SPACE ROCK REOPENS MARS DEBATEBy Paul Rincon,
BBC News science reporter
IMAGES: Nakhla meteorite, Natural History Museum
The meteorite fell to Earth in Egypt in 1911;
Dendritic material in the Nakhla meteorite is rich in carbon:
The same team brought claims about ALH84001 to the world's attention;
A carbon-rich substance found filling tiny cracks within a Martian meteorite
could boost the idea that life once existed on the Red Planet.
The material resembles that found in fractures, or "veins", apparently etched by
microbes in volcanic glass from the Earth's ocean floor.
Details will be presented at the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in
Houston, Texas, next month.
All the processes of life on Earth are based on the element carbon.
Proving carbon in Martian meteorites is indigenous - and not contamination from
Earth - is crucial to the question of whether life once arose on the Red Planet.
Initial measurements support the idea that the "carbonaceous material" is not
contamination, the scientists say.
But the evidence so far is unlikely to convince the skeptics.
The research team includes scientists who brought evidence for microbial life in
another Martian meteorite, ALH84001, to the world's attention in 1998.
The Martian meteorites are an extremely rare class of rocks. They are all
believed to have been blasted off the surface of the Red Planet by huge impacts;
the material would have drifted through space for millions of years before
falling to Earth.
The latest data comes from examination of a piece of the famous Nakhla meteorite
which came down in Egypt, in 1911, breaking up into many fragments.
London's Natural History Museum, which holds several intact chunks of the
meteorite, agreed for NASA researchers to break one open, providing fresh
"It gives people a degree of confidence this had never been exposed to the
museum environment," said co-author Colin Pillinger of the UK's Open University.
"I think it's too early to say how [the carbonaceous material] got there... the
important thing is that people are always arguing with fallen meteorites that
this is something that got in there after it fell to Earth.
"I think we can dismiss that. There's no way a solid piece of carbon got inside
Analysis of the interior revealed channels and pores filled with a complex
mixture of carbon compounds. Some of this forms a dark, branching - or dendritic
- material when seen under the microscope.
"It's really interesting material. We don't exactly know what it means yet, but
it's all over the thin sections of the Nakhla material," said co-author Kathie
Thomas Keprta, of Lockheed Martin Corporation and NASA's Johnson Space Center in
Peter Buseck, regent's professor of geological sciences at Arizona State
University, told the BBC News website that he found no strong evidence of a
biological origin for the carbon in the meteorite.
He added that it was difficult to determine the origin of carbon in rocks based
Previous studies of the forms - or isotopes - of carbon in the Nakhla meteorite
found a component of which more than 75% is lacking any carbon-14.
Since all terrestrial life forms contain some carbon-14, this component was
thought to be either indigenous carbon from Mars or ancient meteoritic carbon.
Professor Pillinger and colleagues are carrying out direct isotopic analysis of
the carbonaceous material, but he admits terrestrial contamination is occurring
when thin slices of the meteorite are made for analysis.
However, the ratio of carbon to nitrogen in the epoxy used to prepare the thin
sections is very different from that of the carbonaceous material in the
If it is indigenous to Mars, the authors say the "carbonaceous material" came
either from another space rock that smashed into Mars hundreds of thousands of
years ago, or is a relic of microbial activity.
A resemblance between the material in the meteorite and features of microbial
activity in volcanic glass from our planet's ocean floor further support the
idea they are biological in origin, says the paper.
If this is the case, the remains of these organisms and their slimy coatings
might provide the carbon-rich material found in Nakhla, the researchers
The 37th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference runs from 13-17 March in
MARS: ARTIFICIAL SUBSTANCES
Photos courtesy of NASA/JPL.
Harold Carver writes, "I found what appears to be artificial substances on Mars
taken by the Rovers. I have enclosed them inside the red boxes. One looks like a
wafer or chip, and the other looks like a piece of pottery.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #6 - 8 Feb 2006
- - - - - - -
ADDENDUM: Thanks to NASA/JPL Mars-2M178564842EFFAE03P29772M1
Bob writes from Australia, "I just wanted to point out something in first photo
of Mars. Notice the rounded edge on the large piece of stone above the red box
and also the rounded edge on the bottom of the piece to the left. They are
smoothly rounded, as if plastered or shaped. Also on the large piece above the
red square note the slightly raised edge at the back edge of the smooth surface.
This is typical of a piece of
molding being broken away from an adjoining wall to which it was fixed.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #7 - 14 Feb 2006
- - - - - - -
ADDENDUM 2: Mars Structures
Norman Bryden writes, "In this image section from a photograph taken by the Mars
Global Surveyor, I have discovered what looks clearly like a large lake of
liquid water." Notice the absence of rough craters in the image. This shows a
fairly modern history of formation, and that the area is geologically active.
Observe the lighter band left of center. This terrain is very different than the
surrounding terrain. Take a look very closely at the shorelines. The shorelines
that have not been disturbed are smooth and very well defined. They wave and
meander just like any undisturbed lake found on Earth.
Now look at the light band between the two smoother and darker terrains. The
shore line is very different. There are squared off corners and boxes,
straightened lengths of shore and smaller boxes and crosses where the water
fills what looks like bays. There is also a channel or river to the upper left
that flows down to the lake. On both sides of this river channel the shore lines
have been modified with straightened sides and corners. Various other areas of
the lake have also been squared off into bays to the right. Other areas of the
terrain look to be fairly recently modified in geological terms.
The lighter band also looks segmented into geometric capsules that look very
much like populated housing in satellite images of Earth that you can see built
near the shores of lakes and rivers. I have lived near the Charles River near
Boston most of my life and have looked at satellite images of the coast and the
river many times for comparison to the geography of Mars. This is very similar.
Check out the satellite images yourself on Google Maps which works well for this
purpose. This is strong evidence Mars is geologically active, has regions of
lakes, rivers and in some images what looks like oceans or seas. This is also
strong evidence that Mars has an intelligent species that has greatly modified
the terrain differently than random acts of geological processes. So many well
defined, structured and sharp right angled corners are strong evidence of
Link to NASA Image:
SOURCE: Filer's Files #8 - 22 Feb 2006
MARS: ENDURANCE CRATER HAS WATER
Reservoir and Hieroglyphics
Harold Carver writes, "While looking at images that the Rover Opportunity took I
noticed Endurance Crater lacks the profile of a crater, yet everything about it
suggests that it was built to hold a body of water.
This water flows out of the sides of the crater into a reservoir. The angles are
too precise to be a freak of nature and are suggestive of a purpose. Mars photos
are at left and compare to a dam and spillway on Earth. The entire walls and
floor of Endurance image seem to be made of fitted slabs of rock neatly put
together. There is also evidence of artificially made spill-ways used for the
collection of water.
Editor's Note: I was looking at some of Carver's JPL photos and noticed numerous
petroglyph's on the crater walls that seem to depict writing or symbols. This is
a JPL image taken by the Opportunity Rover of Burns Cliff inside Endurance
Crater that show symbols similar to T, P, Y, I, A, I V, K
SOURCE: Filer's Files #6 - 8 Feb 2006
MARS SYMBOLS SIMILAR TO ROSWELL DEBRISP, Y I face R fish wing
ROSWELL --Major Jessie Marcel the 509th Group Intelligence Officer picked up
debris with rancher Bill Brazel at the Foster Ranch at the crash sight near
Corona, New Mexico on July 7, 1947. Later that night Marcel showed his wife and
son who is now an Army Colonel and medical Doctor (Jesse Marcel Jr.) the strange
writing on the debris. Later others at Roswell Air Base including Lieutenant
Robert J. Shirkey saw the debris.
Major Marcel showed the debris to his Commander William Blanchard, who then
ordered a news release that stated the Army Air Force had recovered a Flying
Disc. Colonel Blanchard ordered the debris to be immediately flown with Major
Marcel aboard a B-29, to 8th Air Force Headquarters at Fort Worth, Texas. The
debris package was carried in the bomb bay with three guards. Marcel was met at
the flight line by the second highest ranking officer at Carswell Army Air Base
Colonel Thomas DuBose. Together they drove to General Roger Ramey's office with
the debris, and waiting for them was James Bond Johnson a Fort Worth Star
Newspaper photographer who took these photos.
- Blowup Photos courtesy of Neil Morris and RPIT
Johnson who is still alive told me, when the officers arrived the package was
still wrapped and they unwrapped the metallic burnt debris and spread them out
on the General's rug. He remembered the debris smelled burnt like it had been in
Shortly, General Ramey arrived holding a message in his hand. Six photos are
taken of General Ramey, Colonel DuBose, and Major Jessie Marcel with the debris.
Four of the 4 x 5 negatives are now stored in the Archives of the University of
Several years ago the Roswell Photo Interpretation Team (RPIT) was formed to
enlarge and evaluate these photographs. The computer enhanced photos show that
General Ramey is holding a message that appears to state,
"THE VICTIMS OF THE CRASH ARE BEING TRANSPORTED TO FORT WORTH." URGENT. POWERS
ARE NEEDED AT SITE TWO NW ROSWELL, N.MEX."
Clearly much of the debris has strange markings or writing on it. A close up of
the debris shows some strange writing taken by photographer James Bond Johnson.
If you compare the Mars symbols with the debris in General Ramey's office there
are striking similarities.
Neil Morris from the University of Manchester discovered that three symbols have
now been cross matched on the debris footage beam. The details discovered in
over fifty year old photographs indicate an object of much greater complexity
than a simple radar reflector. Space ships like our own Moon Lander are made
from surprisingly flimsy materials. The cross matching of these symbols indicate
the debris is from an object alien to Earth, or at least to our methods of
writing and symbols. All involved admit the debris shown was part of a disc
recovered from the Foster Ranch near Corona, New Mexico in 1947.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #6 - 8 Feb 2006
MARS TWIN TOWERS
Norman Bryden writes, "It is difficult to display an image at this file size
where structures can be seen on Mars. I have selected this portion of the Mars
Global Surveyor photograph I discovered to help people possibly see what kind of
structures may be on Mars. Although this section is nearing the limit of
resolution, identifiable structures of geometric and large scale proportions can
I know the image is not the best quality, but I asked NASA for better pictures
and clarification, but for some reason NASA prefers black and white hard to
process photographs, and they do not respond to email.
To the top left of the section below are two very light markings. This looks to
be the top of two twin towers or buildings reflecting light. Rectangular shapes
can be seen standing up next to each other below the light markings. These
rectangular blocks appear to have segmented levels as would be seen on buildings
on Earth. Just above and slightly to the left of the dark lower left marking is
another tower shaped building.
What looks like windows or portals can be seen on the sides and top. If you
follow the tube like structure to the upper right corner of the image, you can
see a giant arm chair shaped structure.
Other structures can be made out at the intersections of the tubes. The standing
structures can be identified by the shadows of one side to the lower right and
the lighter sides to the upper left, with the lightest side on the top. Thanks
to Norman Bryden Link to NASA image:
SOURCE: Filer's Files #7 - 14 Feb 2006
MORE INTRIGUING MARTIAN OBJECTS
Mac (take me to Mars) Tonnies offers his opinion on the below discoveries - the
first by an amateur Martian artifact hunter and the second by NASA: (1)
"Intriguing forms, as always, but nothing that makes me seriously think we're
looking at evidence of anything but geology. But the thing is, I could be wrong;
I'm going with Occam's Razor on this." (2) "Crumpler's got that right. 'Home
Plate' is downright psychedelic."
I found what appear to be artificial substances on Mars. I have enclosed them
inside the red boxes. One looks like a piece of pottery and the other looks like
a wafer or chip.
NASA’s Spirit Mars rover has arrived at a site dubbed "Home Plate" within Gusev
crater. But what the robot found has left scientists puzzled.
SOURCE: PAG E-NEWS: February 15
MOON EXPLOSION MIGHT INDICATE MINING
NASA scientists have observed an explosion on the moon. The blast, equal in
energy to about 70 kg of TNT, occurred near the edge of Mare Imbrium (the Sea of
Rains) on November 7, 2005. Several astronauts claimed to have seen construction
and UFOs on the Moon an explosion could indicate mining or perhaps an accident.
"What a surprise," says Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) researcher Rob
Suggs, who recorded the impact's flash. He and colleague Wes Swift were testing
a new telescope and video camera they assembled to monitor the moon for meteor
strikes. On their first night out, "we caught one," says Suggs.
Lights are frequently recorded on the moon going back to 1540. Often the lights
are noticed within or near craters for extended periods of time ruling out
meteor strikes. Aristarchus is a large crater on the edge of a plateau within
northern Oceanus Procellarum has had 448 recorded Transient Lunar events many
before electric lights existed on Earth. Its at the upper left side at 10
o'clock just left of the red spot.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #7 - 14 Feb 2006
ADDENDUM: Moon Mining
Keith Laney writes, enlargements made from both Apollo and LO photography show
anomalous structures and sites of mining on the moon. I believe these are
remnants of structures that used to be much larger and more defined. The solar
wind from space has eroded down many of the sites.
This photo taken during Apollo shows a close up of a possible mining site. If
you look along the inside of the small crater, you might notice this little bit
of what appears to be a technical remnant, or a very strange almost mechanically
linear arrangement of rusty stone, or some other sort of mechanical debris.
There are also other curiosities lying about, I've noted some of them by arrows.
Image Thanks to NASA.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #8 - 22 Feb 2006
ANOMALOUS STRUCTURES ON THE MOONStratton K Crater Moon courtesy of NASA
Keith Laney writes, Enlargements made from both Apollo and LO photography show
anomalous structures out of the path of further deposition and wasting that have
walls and buttresses higher than the natural terrain. Meteoric rain degrades
them but straight walls within walls simply don't appear on levels higher than
the highest points of crater flanks which some of the ‘archeology’s I've found
seem to do. I believe these are remnants of structures that used to be much
larger and more defined.
If there is a single, ancient, long-abandoned edifice on the moon, if there is a
single object indicating earlier intelligence, if there is still one
recognizable rock drawing to be found, then just think what such a find would do
to our conventional history.
A Soviet scientist who defected to the West claims that photographs taken by an
orbiting satellite clearly show the ruined temples of a civilization—on the
The 58-year-old scientist was a high-echelon member of an elite team that has
worked on Vostok I and carried Yuri A. Gagarin the first man in space. He
reports in 1982, a Soviet satellite reached Mars and beamed back photographs of
a large city.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #7 - 14 Feb 2006
TOP TEN LIST OF HABITABLE PLANETS
Washington -- Margaret Turnbull of the Carnegie Institution released her "top
10" list of potential stars with planets having potential for life. They will be
the first targets of NASA's Terrestrial Planet Finder, a system of two orbiting
observatories scheduled for launch by 2020." This includes nearby stars of the
right size, age and composition to have Earth-like planets circling them.
"There are 400 billion stars in the galaxy, and obviously we're not going to
point the Terrestrial Planet Finder ... at every one of them," said Turnbull.
So, on behalf of NASA and the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, or SETI,
she narrowed down the list to stars with planets with liquid water orbiting
Variable stars, which grow hotter and cooler, probably would not be conducive to
life, so they were thrown out, as were stars that are too young or too old. Some
are too gassy to have spawned planets like Earth, which contains a lot of metal.
Others have massive companions whose gravity could interfere with the steady
conditions needed for life to evolve.
Turnbull's Top 10 List includes 51 Pegasus, where in 1995 Swiss astronomers
spotted the first planet outside our solar system, a Jupiter-like giant. Others
include 18 Sco in the Scorpio constellation, which is very similar to our own
sun; epsilon Indi A, a star one-tenth as bright as the sun; and alpha Centauri
B, part of the closest solar system to our own. "The truth is when looking at
these so-called 'habstars,' habitable solar systems, it is hard to really rank
them. I don't know enough about every star to say which one is the absolute best
one," Turnbull said.
Jill Tarter of the SETI Institute, set up after U.S. government funding for the
program was cut, said the current budget threatens other astronomical programs.
Thanks to NASA.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #8 - 22 Feb 2006
SCIENTISTS SEQUENCE COMPLETE GENOME OF WOOLLY MAMMOTHSequence is the oldest mitochondrial genome determined to date
University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester
Feb 7, 2006
Some 10,000 years after the last of their kind wandered the North American and
Eurasian wilderness, woolly mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius) remain a
fascinating subject of study for scientists, with implications for understanding
the evolutionary origins of present day mammals. Mammoths and elephants belong
to one of the most ancient mammalian groups and various recent studies have
debated the genetic relationships between them. Now, scientists at the
University of Massachusetts Medical School and the Russian Academy of Medical
Sciences have weighed in on the issue, with results supported by the oldest
mitochondrial genome sequence determined to date from the remains of a mammoth
that died approximately 33,000 years ago.
In "Complete mitochondrial genome and phylogeny of Pleistocene mammoth Mammuthus
primigenius," published in the February 7 issue of PLoS Biology, a publication
of the Public Library of Science (PLoS), Evgeny I. Rogaev, PhD, a professor of
psychiatry at U Mass Medical School and professor of genetics at the Russian
Academy of Medical Sciences, with colleagues from the Brudnick Neuropsychiatric
Research Institute at U Mass Medical School, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
State University and the University of California-San Diego, report the sequence
of the complete mitochondrial genome (16,842 base pairs) of a woolly mammoth
extracted from permafrost-preserved remains from the Pleistocene epoch, a period
of time usually dated from between 1.6-1.9 million to about 10,000 years before
present. Their study demonstrates that the woolly mammoth and the Asian elephant
are a sister species that diverged soon after their common ancestor split from
the lineage of the African elephant.
Dr. Rogaev and colleagues used extracted DNA from segments of a woolly mammoth
leg with intact muscle and skin tissue that was found in the Enmynveem River
valley in northeastern Siberia in 1986 and radio-carbon dated to be between
33,750 and 31,950 years old. They found that the DNA extracted from the well
preserved tissue, while degraded, was nevertheless of remarkable quality and
quantity. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques that allow for
investigators to make a significant number of copies of a gene and thus create a
template for sequencing, the scientists used different DNA extracts from the
mammoth muscle tissue to reconstruct the complete mitochondrial genome in
laboratories in Moscow in 2000, and independently, at U Mass Medical School a few
While DNA is present inside the nucleus of every cell of the body, DNA in the
cell's mitochondria offers investigators valuable information on evolutionary
development. Distinct from nuclear DNA, mitochondrial DNA possesses its own
genome of about 16,500 base pairs that exists outside of the cell nucleus. And
whereas nuclear DNA undergoes the process of recombination, where sections of
DNA from the mother and the father are mixed resulting in a more distorted
genetic history, mitochondrial DNA, which is inherited only from the mother,
allows for the tracing of a more direct genetic line.
Using the mitochondrial genome they had sequenced, Rogaev and his fellow
scientists sought to uncover the evolutionary relationship between the extinct
woolly mammoth and the Asian and African savanna elephants. Analysis of the
creatures from the study of their biological form and structure have yielded
conflicting results; for example, while dental characteristics suggest a closer
relationship between the woolly mammoth and the Asian elephant, an examination
of the structure of the trunk tip supports a grouping of the woolly mammoth with
the African elephant.
To resolve this evolutionary mystery, Rogaev and colleagues sequenced complete
mitochondrial genomes of the African and Asian elephants. Their subsequent
analysis indicated that the woolly mammoth shared a common ancestor with the
Asian elephant more recently than with the African elephant. This conclusion
corroborates a paralleled and independent study of a younger mammoth (~12,000
years old) from the Max Planck Institute in Leipzig, Germany as reported in
Nature in December 2005.
Because the modern populations of African and Asian elephants are quite highly
diverse genetically, the investigators also sought to determine if the same was
true of different woolly mammoths living through the Pleistocene. Interestingly,
in comparing the mammoth mitochondrial genome sequence to the longest
mitochondrial DNA sequences available from other individual mammoths, the
authors of this study found that the mammoths were highly similar, suggesting a
relatively low genetic diversity of mammoth maternal lineages in a population
spanning vast territory in Northern Siberia. These preliminary results suggest
that Siberia was occupied by a relatively homogeneous population of woolly
mammoth throughout the late Pleistocene. The scientists hope that further
sequencing of mitochondrial genomes of other mammoth specimens can clarify the
diversity of the ancient mammoth population.
Although previous studies have shown that the problem with using ancient DNA in
evolutionary studies is that DNA modifications can lead to artifact mutations
accumulating in postmortem material and, therefore, produce errors in sequences;
the strategies and data provided by Rogaev et al demonstrate that their long
genomic sequence is essentially free from such artifacts and that the mammoth
genome is authentic. Further, they have demonstrated that large DNA fragments
can be isolated from ancient specimens recovered from permafrost conditions and
that the complete genes can be directly cloned or reconstructed for animals that
disappeared from the earth many thousand years ago.
"The reconstruction of an animal's evolutionary history based on complete
mitochondrial sequence analysis is a powerful method to determine the
relationship between closely related extinct and extant species," said Rogaev.
"However, data from both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA may offer further
information on the development of a species. Given the unique quality of some
specimens from mammoths found in Siberia, nuclear DNA may potentially be
recovered and used for further confirmation of the results of this study."
ARE WE ALONE?NO! says Ex-Area 51 Employee
I came from a family with a strong musical background, and still toy around with
the old guitar once in awhile. My brother, who is an excellent guitarist, is
playing with a group of musicians who practice a couple of nights a week not far
from me, and I talk to my brother a couple of times a week. The group he is
playing with has a bass player with a very interesting background in the United
He has recently returned from active Army duty in Iraq, and is currently
stationed at Fort Hood, Texas. The base lies about 20 miles west of my house.
His job in Iraq was programming surveillance aircraft, and satellites relating
to communications. A week or so ago, he and my brother were talking during a
break in their band session. Only the two of them were present, and my brother
has related this conversation to me nearly verbatim.
After getting to know the gentleman a little better each week, my brother, who
is very interested in anything military, began to probe him about his background
duties. The man admitted that he had spent several years at Area 51. This
immediately sparked my brother's attention, although he knew enough to not tread
too heavily. He asked the gentleman if he ever saw anything strange there. He
answered yes, but could not elaborate. My brother then asked him about what type
of security documents he had signed relating to his work at Area 51.
He told my brother that he was bound for life not to discuss anything he saw or
worked on at 51. My brother, searching for a way to educe more information from
him asked about UFOs, Black Projects, and more. To all of these questions, he
stated, "I cannot discuss that."
Finally my brother asked him one last question, "Can you tell me this, Are we
alone in the universe?"
His one word reply was, "No." Enough Said.
--From a personal conversation with Ex-Area 51 employee January, 2006.
SOURCE: UFO Casebook 1-30-06
MARSHALL BLAMED FOR UFO COVERUP
Kecksburg, which was the location of something mysterious -- some would say
something extraterrestrial -- 40 years ago, isn't Southwestern Pennsylvania's
only connection to unidentified flying objects.
Uniontown native Gen. George C. Marshall was chief of staff of the Army during
World War II, secretary of defense and secretary of state in President Harry
Truman's administration and the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in
the Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of a Europe devastated by the war.
Some extraterrestrial experts believe that he was also part of a government
coverup of alien visitors, although he couldn't be blamed for the handling of
the purported Kecksburg landing since it happened six years after his death.
Larry Bland, the editor of the Marshall papers at the George C. Marshall
Foundation Library in Lexington, Va., said there has been a stream of UFOlogists
visiting the library to authenticate Marshall's signature on various documents.
But Bland doesn't believe there's anything to a UFO coverup, and he said that
Marshall's signature could have been added to the bottom of some documents with
the aid of scissors and a copying machine.
Marshall does have a connection to outer space in NASA'a Marshall Space Flight
Center at Huntsville, Ala. But Bland said the center was named after him because
it was originally an Army facility and it was opened at about the time of his
death, not because he had any particular interest in outer space.
There are a number of reminders of Marshall in Uniontown, including the George
C. Marshall Highway bypass around the city, a park and a memorial plaza at
Uniontown's Five Corners intersection at Main and Fayette streets and Mt. Vernon
The latest likeness is a mural of the general draping the side of a city
building and calling attention to Joe Hardy's Marshall Plan II for the
revitalization of Uniontown.
Local statuary of Uniontown's favorite son includes a bust, a "monumental-scale"
bronze of Marshall on horseback and another of him seated on a park bench across
from the memorial plaza.
There are no plans as of now for a statue of Marshall looking into the sky for a
Source: The Tribune Review
Conspiracy Journal 2/17/06 #353
IS THERE AN UNDERWATER UFO BASE
by Preston Dennett
OFF THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA COAST?
FATE Magazine: February 2006
Shortly after I began investigating UFOs in the late 1980s, I started to receive
reports of unidentified ocean-going craft. Most of these reports came from a
certain stretch of California coastline, from about Santa Barbara south to Long
Beach. This particular body of water, I soon learned, had a widespread
reputation as a UFO hotspot.
After several witnesses told me they believed there was an underwater UFO base
there, I decided to conduct a more in-depth investigation to determine the
...The area has for at least thirty years been the scene of UFO reports of all
kinds: surface sightings of hazy craft which cruise leisurely in full view of
military installations, aerial spheres bobbing in oscillating flight, gigantic
cloud-cigars, and at least one report of an underwater UFO with uniformed
Read the full story -
NINE THEORIES OF EXTRATERRESTRIAL CONTACTA Brief Inventory of the Leading Paradigms
These are categories more than theories; within each definition a number of
theories are possible. However, as categories, they do present a comprehensive
overview of current ways of viewing the ET/UFO phenomenon, i.e., an inventory of
the operative paradigms. Each category contains particular authors and
researchers who fit with it (not a complete list, but just some suggestions).
Some authors might fit into more than one category: for instance, Sitchin
dominates category 3, but he could also go in 4, because of his reliance on
Biblical material (especially the life and activities of the patriarch Abraham),
as well as in category 7, because some elements of his work are close to, if not
identical with, von Daniken. There are close parallels, and some important
overlaps, between categories 8 and 9.
I exclude Star Trek/Star Wars spin-offs and sci-fi-related material in books and
film, which is massive. Also, I do not delve into reports of diverse and warring
aliens, friends and foes. There are simply too many variations to cover. But in
general outlines, these complex, multi-species scenarios will fall into one or
more of the categories listed. All theories exemplify intervention theory,
defined in the Lexicon.
This inventory is nowhere near complete, but perhaps it will provide a helpful
provisional framework for discussion. Readers are welcome to send comments and
suggestions to John Lash.
1. The Extraterrestrial Hypothesis.
Aliens who belong to a technologically
advanced civilization from somewhere in outer space made contact with the US
government (and others, perhaps) in 1947, or earlier. The aliens cut a deal,
offering to trade their advanced technology for the right to experiment with the
population (Corso, The Day After Roswell). Source of innumerable conspiracy
theories and nightmare tales of CIA mind control, cattle mutilations,
labs, etc. Proponents: Timothy Good, David Icke, George C. Andrews (who
carefully distinguishes between extraterrestrial friends and foes), and many
others. This theory assumes that the aliens have an advanced interbreeding
program (David Jacobs, The Threat), and that their aims are not at all benign
but downright sinister.
2. The Benevolent ("Space Brothers") Hypothesis.
Assumes various kinds of
intervention, motivated by kind and helpful intent on the part of the aliens; or
possibly as part of their program for boosting or initiating humanity to a more
advanced level of consciousness. Most well-known example, Whitley Streiber's
"visitors," and the Billy Meier Pleiadian scenario. After much research and
reticence, the late John Mack (Passport to the Cosmos) also adopted this view.
Includes the earliest contactees such as George Adamski, whose tall blond
Venusians came to warn humanity about immanent self-destruction, pollution of
the environment, etc. Earliest modern prototype for this theory, the "Lords of
the Flame" (also from Venus) in the theosophical scenario of Madame Blavatsky.
3. The Sumerian File.
Includes all theories centrally based on the Annunaki
scenario found in Sumerian clay tablets, the oldest written documents on earth.
Main proponent, Zecharia Sitchin, who maintains that the Annunaki descended to
earth, founded civilization, and instituted theocracy. He also claims that these
aliens come from Nibiru, the outermost member of our Solar System, with an
orbital period of 3600 years, but this claim has not (to my knowledge) been
astronomically verified. Spin-offs: Lawrence Gardner, Anton Parks, and many
others. (This category is unique in its reliance on ancient textual evidence.
Compare to category 9.) The Annunaki are space masters rather than space
brothers. The Sumerian myth says they created humanity by genetic boosting of an
apelike native population, so that humans could serve as their slaves.
4. Biblical UFOlogy.
Includes hybrid and crossover theories that develop
category 2 specifically in the context of the Old and New Testaments. Draws
heavily on Apocryphal writings, especially the Book of Enoch with its famous
account of "the Watchers," believed to be fallen angles. Uses a straightforward
and literal-minded equation between aliens and angels. Proposes that angels
described in the Bible — such as those seen in the visions of Ezekiel, or the
one who wrestled with Jacob at the Jabbok ford on the Jordan River, or the Angel
Gabriel who announced the birth of Jesus to Mary — were ET entities who are
assumed to have a benevolent attitude toward humanity, consistent with the
fulfillment of "God's plan."
Some of the angels may be fallen, but the leading assumption here is that the
angel/ETs are on the side of the Father God, and the Father God is working for
humanity (not against it, as the Gnostic theory, category 9, asserts).
Epitomized in the Raelian cult with emphasis on the genetic creation of humanity
by god-like ETs.
This category reflects the deep religiosity of ET/UFO speculation, as well as
its naiveté and attraction to the divine parental image. In some rare instances,
Biblical UFOlogists approach the views of category 9 and challenge the identity
and motives of the Creator God: e.g., Christian O'Brien, The Genius of the Few,
and A. D. Horne, Humanity's Extraterrestrial Origins. These are both
intelligent, sobering books.
5. The Mind Control Hypothesis.
Largely developed by Jacques Vallée in a
brilliant manner. He called the ET/UFO phenomenon "a spiritual control system."
Equally so, John Keel (UFOs: Operation Trojan Horse) has explored this angle
with sober and startling insight. Includes the influential writings of C. G.
Jung. Also, Demonic Reality by Patrick Harpur. ETs are projections of
imagination, or the collective unconscious, intrapsychic phantoms, psychic
shape shifters, etc. The most intellectually sophisticated category (apart from
9, which incorporates it), it assumes that the Phenomenon (as Keel calls it) is
totally real, but not in the sense that it appears to be. It operates as a
“inboard" control system, rather than a miraculous event or supernatural
6. New Age or Visionary theories.
Found in numerous versions which tend to
proliferate wildly. Materials employed to develop this thesis are largely drawn
from channeled writings. Examples are The Prism of Lyra and The Only Planet of
Choice. New Age theories of alien contact tend to present a mixed bag of grand,
starry-eyed plans and divine intentions involving a diverse cast of non-human
species, some benevolent and some otherwise.
7. Ancient Astronauts.
The Von Daniken Hypothesis, has spawned a wide
range of spin-offs. Take away all the smoke and ladders and this is simply a
"cargo cult" interpretation of alien contact. Although von Daniken steered clear
of these explosive issues (Swiss neutrality?), the mystique of ancient
astronauts attaches itself readily to the worst fringe element in modern
thinking: i.e., crypto-fascism. We hear tales of Hitler escaping to South
America in a saucer donated by his alien allies. Catastrophic theories of the
Ice Ages and hollow-earth fantasias proliferate in this category. For a good
critique, see Jocelyn Godwin, Arktos. Bear in mind that von Daniken´s
artifactual and archeological evidence has been largely dismissed as fraudulent
and fantastical. (We tend to assume that an advanced race would have advanced
technology - but would it be that kind of technology, i.e., headphones and such
8. Shamanic – Indigenous – Otherworld.
The most traditional of all nine
categories because it draws upon world-wide folk-lore and mythology, for
instance, the Aboriginal lore of Australia and the testimony of Zulu shaman,
Credo Mutwa (who claims that the alien spirits are malevolent). Classic work:
The Fairy Faith in Celtic Countries by E. A. Evans-Wentz, which inspired Jacques
Vallée, plus Vallée's own, Passage to Magonia. Includes the intentional
production of living phantoms (tulpas) demonstrated in Tibetan Buddhism
(Alexandria David-Neel, Magic and Mystery in Tibet), Kachinas in the magical
rites of the American southwest (Frank Waters, The Book of the Hopi), and many
reports from shamanic cultures, including ayahuascueros of the Amazon and urban
DMT trippers. Carried to a level of high sophistication by the "Gnostic
astronaut,," Terence McKenna in his speculations on the UFO-mushroom connection
(The Archaic Revival).
9. ET/Archon theory, or the Gnostic theory of alien intrusion.
Specific to JLL
and the Gnostic material on Metahistory.org. To my knowledge, only Nigel Kerner
(The Song of the Greys) is the only other author who equates modern Grey ETs
with the Archons of Gnostic writings, but he does not develop this idea in
depth, textually. Through Metahistory.org I do just that. The ET/Archon
Navigator takes you to the relevant articles.
This theory relies on the most solid and complete textual evidence from
antiquity: the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Nag Hammadi Codices. It assumes that
Gnostic teachers in the Pagan Mystery Schools were accomplished shamans who used
paranormal powers such as remote viewing to detect aliens, as well techniques of
psychic self-defense, to resist and repel them. About one-fifth of the surviving
Gnostic materials are concerned with the ET/Archons, their motives, methods,
appearances, tactics, etc. Their most accomplished power is said to be HAL,
"simulation, substitution," i.e., virtual reality. They are imposters allied
with the false Creator God (the Demiurge), Jehovah, who is working against
Kerner assumes that Archons have deeply penetrated our genetic makeup, but
Gnostic writings support the view that they have only duped us into believing
this is so, whereas they are in reality incapable of reaching or breaching the
genomic intelligence we embody. Their victory lies in make-believe, getting us
to act out what they pretend to be doing to us. They work through insinuation.
Gnostic cosmology is closely related to the modern Gaia theory of Lovelock and
Margulis, for which it presents an ancient prototype. Gnostic writings explain
the cosmic origin of the predatory ETs (both the fetal or embryonic and
reptilian types), which no other theory can do. Our planet Gaia plays a key role
in their presence in our minds and lives. The Archons are a spin-off of the
intelligence of the divine being, Sophia, who is embodied in our planet, but
they are not compatible with human intelligence, so they inhabit the solar
system at large, apart from the earth - this is the Mystery teaching. (Gnostics
taught that the earth does not properly belong to the planetary system, but is
captured in it.) Archons introduce a deviant skew into human evolution. Our
responsibility is to detect and correct it. In this way we align ourselves with
Gaia, the planetary intelligence that initially produced the Archon species.
The Gnostic codices found in Egypt in 1945 warn explicitly that these predatory
alien entities infiltrate our minds through spiritual belief systems. These
systems, especially the Judeo-Christian-Islamic program of salvation, are not
entirely of human origin, but arise in our minds due to non-human deviance.
Salvationism is an ideological virus of extraterrestrial origin. Jehovah is a
demented pseudo-deity who pretends to be our creator. Gnostics detected the
presence of ETs in the same forms reported today. The Nag Hammadi texts contain
firsthand accounts of alien abduction. But at a more profound level, the ancient
seers who guarded the Mysteries also discerned the operations of the inhumane
Archontic mind in the religious ideologies that are today tearing humanity apart
at the seams.
WALES UFO CRASH INVESTIGATION'Tell us the truth on moorland UFO'
Feb 23 2006-By Hywel Trewyn, Daily Post
A UFO investigator hopes to unravel a 30-year mystery - did spacemen land on a
North Wales mountain? Unexplained lights in the sky, an earthquake and secretive
men in suits all happened on a dark winter's night in 1974 as the people of
Llandderfel and Llandrillo, villages in the Berwyn mountains near Bala, sat down
to their evening's TV.
But the quiet was shattered by the rumbles of an earthquake, registering 3.5 on
the Richter scale. As people ran from their houses, fearing another tremor, they
witnessed a blaze of light on the mountain side above.
A local nurse and her daughters watched as a huge egg shaped craft lay on the
ground with a pulsating orange and red glow. Police converged on the mountains,
expecting to discover a crashed passenger jet - but what they did find has never
Some think it was an experimental man-made top secret military aircraft,
possibly a prototype Stealth bomber. Others believe it was an alien craft from
another world. The incident fired the imagination of many, including UFO
researcher Russell Kellett, who now is trying to get to the bottom of the
Next month Mr. Kellett, 42, will reveal what he claims are "the true facts" at a
meeting in Bala. It will be at the White Lion Hotel on March 25, at 1pm. Mr.
Kellett, who lives in Filey, North Yorkshire, says he has 115 pages of documents
about the "UFO crash" about which he insists there was a "cover-up."
Last night Mr. Kellett said: "I've had some information given to me, testimonies
from a group of gentlemen. I have 115 pages of documents but the Ministry of
Defense have told me that under the Freedom of Information Act I can't have
documents "because of the fractious and conjure of internal discretion."
Mr. Kellett believes "they're talking gobbledygook." Mr. Kellett said on that
night some personnel were given information to "expect 50 flashes of light in
But, strangely, there are no records this exercise took place.
What was in those mystery boxes?
IN true X-Files style there were reports of soldiers mysteriously arriving in
the area and stopping people on their way home. One woman claimed she saw
"coffin shaped" boxes being loaded aboard MoD vehicles.
Previous UFO researchers said they were contacted by soldiers claiming they
removed "bodies" to Porton Down, the top-secret MoD germ warfare laboratory.
Farmer Hugh Lloyd, of Garthiaen, Llandrillo, who was 14 at the time, remembers
seeing "this incredibly bright light lit up the sky, like an arc welder, two or
three miles away, lasting for about 20-30 seconds." Although he never discovered
the source of the light, a mysterious, colorful rock was found nearby by his
sister a couple of days later. It was sent to London University but they have
never seen it since.
Mr. Lloyd said: "I do not believe that it was a UFO but I would like to find out
exactly what it was."
Also see Wales Crash of 1974
Source and references:
SOURCE: UFO Casebook 2-27-06
UFO SLEUTH ON TRAIL OF MYSTERY AT SEAWales Crash: The Dragon Lights Mystery
February 01, 2006-As the well known X Files catchphrase goes; 'the truth is out
there.' That is what UFO investigator Russell Kellett hopes to uncover on his
saucer searching mission in Conwy. But without the help of Mulder and Scully,
the full-time researcher from Filey, North Yorkshire, has spent eight years
unfolding the details of a paranormal event, believed to have occurred in North
Wales nearly 32 years ago. And Russell is hoping that a return trip to the Welsh
hills and vales will unearth new supernatural soils, and conclude the mystery
that he has named Dragon Lights.
The story began when a group of four men were traveling home on the evening of
January 23 1974. Editors Note: The article listed the date as 1973, instead of
1974. I informed them of their error. (B J)
They were near a field in Llandrillo when they saw an unidentified object land
on the ground. Arriving promptly on the scene, the army ordered the men to leave
but not before they caught a glimpse of five humanoid creatures, two of which
were in distress. The military surrounded the area and told the men not to speak
of what they had just witnessed, but the men later set up meetings to discuss
The plot began to thicken as more and more witnesses spoke out, and after years
of research, Russell discovered that there had also been an earthquake that
night. He said: "My investigation is very detailed and has a lot of background
to it and I have documents and witness statements that really are mind-blowing. I
believe that a military movement out at sea caused the raising of a UFO from
underwater which later crashed in land. My investigations so far have helped
things to fall into place, this blows what happens on sci-fi TV right out of the
water. I am currently searching for people in the area who have been on
battleships and would be grateful if any readers who may have any information
about a battle fleet that was in the Colwyn Bay/ Puffin Island or Liverpool Bay
area at that time could get in touch with me."
Russell's number is 01723 514700
North Wales Pioneer
22 Penhryn Road
Colwyn Bay, Conwy
References: Raiders News.Com
[Thanks to Stuart Miller of
http://www.uforeview.net for the lead]
UFO UpDates - Toronto -
A UFO & Related Phenomena E-Mail List operated by Errol Bruce-Knapp
UFO UpDates Archives are available at The Virtually Strange Network:
SOURCE: UFO Casebook 2-06-06
MOVING EVER CLOSER TO AN ERA OF MIND CONTROLMilitary interest in new brain-scanning technology is beginning to show a
Sunday February 5, 2006
Brain scientists are on a roll. Concern about rising levels of mental distress
have resulted in unprecedented levels of funding in the US and Europe. And a
range of new technologies, from genetics to brain imaging, are offering
extraordinary insights into the molecular and cellular processes underlying how
we see, how we remember, why we become emotional.
Brain imaging has become familiar. Scanners, known by their initials - CAT, PET,
MRI - began as clinical tools, enabling surgeons to identify potential tumors,
the damage following a stroke or the diagnostic signs of incipient dementia. But
neuroscientists quickly seized on their wider potential. The images of regions
of the brain 'lighting up' when a person is thinking of their lover, imagining
traveling from home to the shops, or solving a mathematical problem, have
captured the imagination of researchers and public alike. What if they could do
Recently I published the results of an experiment in which we looked at the
regions of the brain that became active when people chose between competing
products in supermarkets. Major companies, ranging from Coca-Cola to BMW, are
starting to image the brains of potential customers to study how they respond to
new designs or brands. They are beginning to speak of 'neuromarketing' and
Such trends may be relatively innocuous, but the increasing state interest in
what the images might reveal is less so. Specifically, what if brain imaging
could predict future behavior, or indicate guilt or innocence of a crime? There
are claims, for example, that it could reveal potential 'psychopathy', that the
brains of men convicted of brutal murders show significantly abnormal patterns.
In the current legislative climate, where there have been attempts to introduce
pre-emptive detention for 'psychopaths' who have not yet been convicted of any
crime, such claims need to be addressed critically. They are and will be
resisted by the judiciary, but recent developments suggest that this may be a
frail defense against an increasingly authoritarian state.
More seriously, there is increasing military interest in the development of
techniques that can survey and possibly manipulate the mental processes of
potential enemies, or enhance the potential of one's own troops. There is
nothing new about such an interest. In the US, it stretches back at least half a
century. Impressed by claims that the Soviet Union was developing psychological
warfare, the CIA and the Defense Advanced Projects Agency (Darpa) began their
own programs. Early experiments included the clandestine feeding of LSD to
their own operatives and attempts at 'brain-washing'. These were the forerunners
of the hoods and white noise used by the British in Northern Ireland - until
judged illegal - and more recently in Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo, where they
inhabit an uncertain borderline between what the US government regards as an
acceptable level of violence and the torture that it denies committing.
By the 1960s, Darpa, along with the US Navy, was funding almost all US research
into 'artificial intelligence', in order to develop methods and technologies for
the 'automated battlefield' and the 'intelligent soldier'. Contracts were let
and patents taken out on techniques aimed at recording signals from the brains
of enemy personnel at a distance, in order to 'read their minds'.
These efforts have burgeoned in the aftermath of the so-called 'war on terror'.
One US company claims to have developed a technique called 'brain-
fingerprinting', which can 'determine the truth regarding a crime, terrorist
activities or terrorist training by detecting information stored in the brain'.
The stress of lying under interrogation is supposed to result in a specific wave
form which electrodes measuring the brain's fluctuating electrical signals can
detect. We may be skeptical about the validity of such methods, but they
indicate the direction in which research is heading. The company claims its
procedures have been accepted in evidence in court in the US.
The step beyond reading thoughts is to attempt to control them directly. A new
technique - transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) - has begun to generate
interest. This focuses an intense magnetic field on specific brain regions, and
has been shown to affect thoughts, perceptions and behavior. There are
suggestions it could be used to control obsessive-compulsive behavior, while
some even take seriously the scenario envisaged in the film Eternal Sunshine of
the Spotless Mind, in which TMS was used to erase unwanted memories of a love
affair gone wrong. Currently only possible if a subject's head is put inside the
relevant machine, TMS at a distance is now under active military investigation.
So is chip technology, which might provide implanted prostheses to overcome
sensory deficits or control behavior, and whose potential bioethics committees
around Europe have been scrutinizing.
It is tempting to dismiss all these as technological fantasies and their
proponents as sellers of snake oil, but the fact that a technology is faulty
doesn't mean it won't be used. One only has to think of the tens of thousands of
lobotomies carried out on schizophrenic patients in the past century. Britain is
one of the world's leading examples of a surveillance society, observing its
citizens through CCTV cameras and controlling their behavior with Asbos and
Ritalin. The potential for surveillance of citizen's thoughts has moved far
beyond the visions of 1984.
Science cannot happen without major public or private expenditure but its goals
are set at least as much by the market and the military as by the disinterested
pursuit of knowledge. This is why neuroscientists have a responsibility to make
their subject and its potentials as transparent as possible, and why the voices
of concerned citizens should be heard not 'downstream' when the technologies are
already fully formed, but 'upstream' while the science is still in progress. We
have to find ways of ensuring that such voices are listened through the
cacophony of slogans about 'better brains' - and the power of the military and
- - - - -
This is an edited extract from Better Humans? The Politics of Human
Enhancement and Life Extension, a collection of essays to be published by Demos
and the Wellcome Trust on Wednesday. Steven Rose is Professor of Biology at the
GIVING DÉJÀ VU A SECOND LOOK
Dr Chris Moulin
Many of us have experienced déjà vu - the unsettling sensation of
knowing that a situation could not have been experienced, combined with the
feeling that it has. It is usually so fleeting that psychologists have until
recently thought it impossible to study. But for some people, the feeling of
having been there before is a persistent sensation, making every day a
‘Groundhog Day’. Psychologists from Leeds’ memory group are working with
sufferers of chronic déjà vu on the world’s first study of the condition.
Dr Chris Moulin first encountered chronic déjà vu sufferers at a memory clinic.
"We had a peculiar referral from a man who said there was no point visiting the
clinic because he’d already been there, although this would have been
impossible." The patient not only genuinely believed he had met Dr Moulin
before, he gave specific details about the times and places of these
Déjà vu has developed to such an extent that he had stopped watching TV - even
the news - because it seemed to be a repeat, and even believed he could hear the
same bird singing the same song in the same tree every time he went out. Chronic
déjà vu sufferers are not only overwhelmed by a sense of familiarity for new
experiences, they can provide plausible and complex justifications to support
this. "When this particular patient’s wife asked what was going to happen next
on a TV program he’d claimed to have already seen, he said ‘how should I know?
I have a memory problem!’" Dr Moulin said.
For the first time, those who suffer chronic déjà vu can help provide sustained
research into the problem. "So far we’ve completed the natural history side of
this condition - we’ve found ways of testing for it and the right clinical
questions to ask. The next step is obviously to find ways to reduce the
problem," he said.
PhD student Akira O’Connor
PhD student Akira O’Connor, funded by the Economic and
Social Research Council, is working with Dr Moulin to find ways of creating the
phenomenon in the laboratory. Akira has begun inducing déjà vu in Leeds students
using hypnosis, asking students to remember words, hypnotizing them to forget
and then showing them the same word again to induce a feeling that they’ve seen
it before. The students are then asked to make subjective reports - how déjà vu
actually feels - in addition to the data about what they can and cannot
This new program of research, the Cognitive Feelings Framework (CFF), is
unique to the University, and is being conducted by Dr Moulin with ESRC
professorial fellow Martin Conway. "By considering subjective experience -
feelings - from a cognitive science perspective, we hope to better understand
everyday sensations like déjà vu, and also to help understand cognitive
impairment, for example in older adults," said Dr Moulin.
"People might suffer from chronic déjà vu, but be unwilling to discuss this with
their doctor - any hint of ‘mental illness’ is, particularly to older people, a
taboo subject. But as soon as we found this first patient, we discovered that if
you ask the right questions, you find other people have experienced the same
Chronic déjà vu can be distressing to the point of causing depression, and some
sufferers have been prescribed anti-psychotics. But Dr Moulin’s group believe it
is not a delusion, but a dysfunction of memory: "The challenge is to think about
what this means. We can use it to examine the relationships between memory and
"The exciting thing about these people is that they can ‘recall’ specific
details about an event or meeting that never actually occurred. It suggests that
the sensations associated with remembering are separate to the contents of
memory, that there are two different systems in the brain at work." Dr Moulin
believes a circuit in our temporal lobe fires up when we recall the past,
creating the experience of remembering but also a ‘recollective experience’ –
the sense of the self in the past. In a person with chronic déjà vu this circuit
is either overactive or permanently switched on, creating memories where none
exist. When novel events are processed, they are accompanied by a strong feeling
A new collaboration launching this month with the University of York’s
neuro-imaging lab will provide objective evidence to the subjective reports
supplied by the CFF. "When examining someone’s subjective experience, it’s
important to have an idea of whether their subjective account is comparable to
other people’s," said Dr Moulin. "The neuro-imaging facilities allow us to see
if the same areas of brain are activated in different people when they report
certain subjective states. Ultimately, we may even be able to pinpoint the
neural areas important for conscious states such as remembering."
Dr Moulin is keen to develop a network of patients in Leeds and across the globe
who experience chronic déjà vu. "We’re finding people all over the world with
these problems. Chronic déjà vu sufferers need the reassurance that they’re not
alone, and we need them to help us learn more about who has it, what causes it,
For more information on Dr Moulin’s work see
SCIENTIFIC SEARCH FOR THE PARANORMALBeyond the Visible
Humanity has been socialized in such a way as to be blinded to the true nature
of reality. Psychic phenomena, or psi, are mysterious to us because our
perception of them is distorted. The scientific study of psi (parapsychology)
has a stigma of illegitimacy attached to it. Despite attempts by some rather
adventurous researchers, the scientific community remains overall indifferent or
even hostile to parapsychology. Nevertheless, public polls in North America have
shown that the majority of people believe in some kind of paranormal activity.
What are the foundations of such beliefs, and can we study them scientifically?
Few would argue that intuition does not exist. Whether as a collection of sense
information or a supernatural ability, we have all experienced intuition. Some
refer to this as their "gut" feeling while others view it as part of their
psychic abilities. Despite the lack of an official endorsement from science,
parapsychology has become accepted by many people.
While skeptics and believers debate the validity of parapsychology, researchers
are attempting to prove its existence scientifically. A group of like-minded
intellectuals have founded the Institute of Noetic Sciences to "sponsor
leading-edge research into the potentials and powers of consciousness."
Many of its members are actively involved in psi research to support an
institute that "explores phenomena that do not necessarily fit conventional
scientific models." There are also numerous companies that offer parapsychology
training for a price. They have simply ignored the questions concerning
parapsychology and put it into practice.
Literally thousands of tests have been conducted to prove the existence of the
paranormal. A common test administered requires the participant to "see" an
image only visible to the controller. When the results are cumulated, the
participants exhibit an accuracy substantially higher than one generated by
random guessing. The problem with studies like these is that a single
reproducible instance of paranormal activity is not yet achievable. These
studies do, however, seem to indicate something profound about the nature of
human consciousness. What mystery, if any, lies behind these growing testimonies
to the paranormal?
Dean Radin, a member of the Noetic Institute, is one of the most visible
supporters of parapsychology and has published a few books on the subject. He is
constantly hosting lectures and trying to change the perspectives of his more
traditional colleagues. His objective is to constantly challenge long-held
beliefs and establish improved tests for psychic phenomena.
Attempts have also been made to scientifically study the healing powers of
prayer. This somewhat controversial approach uses science to prove something
traditionally taken on faith. Religious people do not require a scientific
explanation of prayer. Psychic phenomena often deal with communication and
empathy between two human beings. Connecting with other people in a non-physical
way is an essential part of many religions. If parapsychology is analogous to
spirituality, the religious community will have the same problems accepting it
as the scientific community.
The difficulty of proving the existence of psychic phenomena by traditional
means has created a need for a different interpretation of the data. Paranormal
activity could lurk in the shadows hidden to our conditioned eyes. Maybe there
is no distinction between the normal and paranormal. Human minds collect and
organize information from many sources according to a unique belief system.
Guided by science or religion, our current models seem unable to adequately
Renowned director, writer and producer David Lynch places great value on mental
relaxation and Eastern meditation. He has founded The David Lynch Foundation,
which endorses an educational system that encourages meditation and a
stress-free environment. Eastern philosophies and religions seem to incorporate
relatively recent advances in physics and modern philosophy. While this is not
exactly the same as parapsychology, the David Lynch Foundation does represent an
attempt to rationally examine our consciousness. If there is any merit in
parapsychology it would manifest itself in students of the DLF.
Fundamentalists may dismiss parapsychology as pagan nonsense just as easily as a
purely materialistic scientist does. Perhaps a more complete picture of
consciousness needs to be developed before serious inquiries can begin. The
limits inherent in our perceptions of reality are paradoxically revealed as our
Does parapsychology reside in a "no man’s land" between the absolutes of science
and religion? By using one exclusively to examine the paranormal produces an
understanding that is limited. As with most of the mysteries that engage our
curiosity, reducing parapsychology to mere figures reveals only a part of the
Ignoring the material facts and focusing on the spiritual doesn’t fully satisfy
our needs, either. It seems as though we need a combination of the two or a
radically new perspective. To become more aware of the nature of reality, we
have to recognize how we filter information and then pursue the most rational
Source: The Manitoban
Conspiracy Journal 2/17/06 #353
THE PARADOX of TIME TRAVEL
Aren't time travel paradoxes fascinating? And even though the author's
conclusion stated in the quote below is the most logical - it still doesn't
explain the paradox of the man with no parents: "What happens when you go back
in time and kill your parents before you are born? If your parents died before
you were born, then how could you have been born to kill them in the first
So by going back in time and altering the past, we merely create a parallel
universe. So we are changing someone ELSE’s past by saving, say, Abraham Lincoln
from being assassinated at the Ford Theater, but our Lincoln is still dead. In
this way, the river of time forks into two separate rivers. But does this mean
that we will be able to jump into H.G. Wells’ machine, spin a dial, and soar
several hundred thousand years into England’s future? No. There are a number of
difficult hurdles to overcome.
SOURCE: Peter Gersten PAG E-NEWS: February 21