INDEX OF ARTICLES:
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TWO SIDES OF THE ALIEN ABDUCTION PHENOMENA
ANCIENT CIVILIZATION / ANCIENT EARTH
SECRETS OF EARLY MAN
GIVE EARLY WARNING OF DISASTERS
'HOBBIT' MAY BE
HOMO GENUS SKULL
FOUND IN 360 MILLION YEAR OLD QUARRY
40,000 YEAR OLD
ASTEROIDS / COMETS / NEAR EARTH OBJECTS
HEADING OUR WAY
APOPHIS: DEALING WITH EARTH'S FUTURE TROUBLEMAKER
OBJECTS - WHAT LIES AHEAD?
EXAMINING THE CROP CIRCLE PHENOMENON
ICE CIRCLE -
SECRETS OF THE
CRYPTOZOOLOGY / FLORA & FAUNA ANOMALIES
SCORES OF STRANDED
WHALES RESCUED IN NEW ZEALAND
GEOLOGY / EARTH
GREENLAND GLACIERS RETREATING
BIG SURF POUNDS
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA COAST
NASA WILL REVEAL
SECRETS OF CLOUDS AND AEROSOLS
THE BIG THAW
MAGNETIC POLE SHIFTING TOWARDS SIBERIA
ERUPTION OF GAS GEYSERS IN OKLAHOMA
WHAT NASA ISN'T TELLING YOU ABOUT MARS
FOUND ON MARS
SPACE / SCIENCE
DISCOVERY OF LARGE
KUIPER BELT OBJECT WITH UNUSUAL ORBIT
MORE RINGS FOUND
AROUND PLANET URANUS
MICE GROW HUMAN
BRAIN CELLS AFTER STEM CELL INJECTIONS
UFO / ET
FOREST/RAF BENTWATERS 25th ANNIVERSARY
UFO SHOOTS DOWN
ATLAS MISSILE WARHEAD
UFO SIGHTINGS IN
RUSSIA - 2005 WRAP-UP
TO SEE 'BUDDHA BOY' SAID TO HAVE FASTED SIX MONTHS
PARANORMAL EVENTS OF 2005
TWO SIDES OF THE ALIEN ABDUCTION PHENOMENA
Are alien abductions real, or are they a product of a dream, sleep
paralysis, or just an overactive imagination? Those who claim to have been
abducted or "abductees," as they are called today, say that they are being
awakened from sleep, and transported to an alien spacecraft. Hard core
scientists believe that these abductees never left their bed.
Once the abductees are
aboard the alien craft they are subjected to medical tests by strange
looking creatures not of this world. These tests vary greatly from one
account to another, but generally consist of a general overview of the
human body, and sometimes sexual probing. Men may be milked of their
sperm; women may have their eggs taken. Tormented afterwards by nightmares
or fragmented memories, they often seek professional help.
What the Disbelievers
Disbelievers in the phenomena of alien abduction offer the theory that the
alleged abductee is reliving memories of an alien scenario that they
either read about, or saw in a movie. Mental and psychological problems
produce these beliefs as a way to relieve tension or deal with other
personal issues. Memories drawn from regressive hypnosis are false,
created by the mind, or evoked by the hypnotist.
Today, alien abductions are
rarely reported for several reasons. The intimate, oft times embarrassing
procedures performed on the abductees are generally details they would
only reveal in private. Public disclosure of an abduction can expose the
abductee to public ridicule, loss of friends, and loss of livelihood. Just
like reporters of UFO sightings, they are also labeled as a "nut." Many
times an abductee will seek professional help in the form of "regressive
hypnosis," a procedure to unlock lost memories. Some abductees have a type
of tracking device implanted in their body.
Modern science has gotten into the act in the last ten years or so. New
technology for analyzing sleep patterns, dreams, and sleep paralysis has
shed a negative light on many abduction experiences. Scientists claim that
a person's memory can trigger bizarre recreations of scenarios the
abductee has seen on television or at the movies. Other psychological or
mental problems lend to the person's susceptibility to have these dreams.
Many disbelievers claim that regressive hypnosis creates memories, instead
of releasing them.
Alien Abduction & UFOs...
The modern abduction era began on a September night in 1961. Barney Hill
and his wife Betty were driving home to New Hampshire from a short
vacation. They began to see a bright light which seemed to follow them on
their way. Soon the object moved close enough that multi-colored lights
were observed. They stopped the car, and Barney, with the aid of
binoculars, could see occupants in the strange, other-worldly craft.
The next thing the Hills
remembered was being in their car again, continuing their journey home.
They never saw the strange craft again. They did, however, hear a strange
beeping sound. After sleeping until the next afternoon, the only thing the
Hills recalled was the sighting of the craft, nothing else. They began to
have nightmarish dreams.
Two writers learned of the
Hill story, and after taking a meticulous accounting of the journey, it
was found that two hours of time was lost to the Hills. Seeking
professional help with Dr. Benjamin Simon, their alien abduction story was
revealed through regressive hypnosis.
The Disbelievers Stand...
There is scientific proof to substantiate abduction claims in the form
of many objects removed from abductees. In theory, these objects were
implanted for the aliens to be able to track them. These artifacts are
available for research. The bizarre nature of the abduction process, and
the stigma placed on the abductees by a skeptical world precludes the
reporting of more abduction accounts. Science needs to lend an open ear
and mind to this phenomena, and research alien abduction on a case by case
Those who disbelieve
accounts of alien abduction list several reasons for their stand. To
believe in the possibility of alien abduction would necessitate the belief
in extraterrestrial intelligence, and that they are visiting our planet.
There is no proof whatsoever that any intelligent beings exist beyond our
own world, and even if they did, where is the proof that they have visited
Even if there were other
beings in the vastness of space, the great distances to traverse make it
an impossible journey. Even with our present technology, the nearest star
that might be inhabitable would take many light years to reach. And the
wear and tear on the body, both physically and mentally, make the trek an
Even if we subscribe to the
multidimensionality theory of existence, and there are other forms of life
that we are not aware of, why would these beings be interested in our
society, being so much less intelligent than they?
Those who claim to have been
abducted may believe in their own stories, but that is all it is, a story.
These individuals are in need of psychological help, and their claims of
abduction are only a form of delusion, or self healing.
For those who make such
claims, we ask, "Where is the proof?" So-called artifacts are nothing more
than foreign objects that entered the body without the person knowing it,
like a small, embedded pieced of metal stepped on, and forgotten about.
Alien abduction belongs in science fiction, not real science.
Case by Case Basis...
Alien abduction claims must be examined on a case by case basis. No
blanket theory or solution can apply to all cases. There are a number of
abduction accounts made by sane, well respected members of society. Many
of these are accomplished while the individual is not in bed, but wide
awake, and sometimes in broad daylight. Many abductions occurred after
seeing an unknown flying object. What will the debunkers do with these?
Write them off as coming from unbalanced people? Are all who report an
abduction mentally unstable?
A number of abductees do not
require regressive hypnosis to recall their experience. Shortly after an
abduction, the individual may be confused by fragmented memories, or
tormented by nightmares, but in time they will gain total recall of their
abduction. Realizing what has happened to them, they often seek counseling
to answer haunting questions of why they were selected for this bizarre
(© B J Booth)
Also see... Alien Abduction
SOURCE: UFO Casebook:
ABDUCTION CASE HISTORIES
Ellie Crystal's Metaphysical and
As a researcher and
hypnotherapist I have worked with people who claimed to have been abducted
by extraterrestrials. I have interviewed UFO researchers, scientists,
authors, and people who claim to have secret information.
Physical evidence seems to
support many case histories, though some experiences may actually be
caused by dreams, mental problems, media indoctrination, or
misinterpretation of what the person has seen. All leave an imprint on the
psyche of the person, or persons (multiple abductions involved).
Most countries have reports
of alien abductions. They occur in large cities as well as the rural
Abductions occur at any time
of the day or night.
Many abductions are not
reported, because there is no one to tell, or the abductee fears ridicule
from others, especially if they feel they have been sexually violated.
People who have been
abducted many times keep journals to determine patterns or timetables.
They sometimes write books about their experiences.
Abductees have tried many
interesting techniques to protect themselves, but to date, I know of no
one specific approach that prevents these experiences.
Abductees have reported
attempts to video or photograph the events. Some abductees have
experimented with infrared film. Most footage is useless.
My opinion of this
experience: We are all part of an experiment/ experience/ program of some
kind. The Grays have always been part of the program. If you can remote
view and you get close to their eyes - you will see that the Greys are
machines - computers - the watchers - who take people in and out of the
program to some do sort of reprogramming - like the movie Matrix - The
Holodeck in Star Trek. It is all
an illusion but this is a nasty part.
Often abductees are told
that the experience is for some 'greater good'. Always remember that
anyone who does anything to you without your permission - or makes your
soul feel uncomfortable - does not have your best interests at heart. Be
careful what you believe.
Consult the link below for:
Possible Signs That You
Have Been Abducted
Karla Turner's 10 Facts in
Respect to Alien Abductions
Description of a Classic
Famous Abduction Cases:
"UFO abductions are not a
rare phenomenon and have been estimated to have occurred to three-million
Americans. There is a remarkably precise correspondence to the reports.
Abductees exhibit relatively little psychopathology. The author uses a
combination of hypnosis and a breathing technique as treatment in helping
the abductees confront and move through the terrifying memories of the
experiences. Abduction events and descriptions of aliens are relatively
uniform. There is both subtle
and highly robust physical evidence that accompanies some of the
abductions. The aftermaths of these events are usually highly traumatic.
But in processing these terrors, abductees are often able to find these
events a source of transformation, in connecting them beyond themselves."
From The UFO Abduction Phenomenon: What Does it Mean for the
Transformation of Human Consciousness? -- John E. Mack, M.D.
Budd Hopkins is a world-renowned artist, author, and pioneer UFO abduction
researcher. Having investigated well over 700 cases, he now heads the
Intruders Foundation, a nonprofit, scientific research and support
organization. Taken together, his three books, Missing Time, 1981,
Intruders, 1987, and Witnessed, 1996, are widely regarded by researchers
and skeptics alike as comprising the most influential series of books yet
published on the abduction phenomenon. These works, Hopkins' lectures, and
his other presentations have been responsible for bringing a number of
other noted researchers-David Jacobs, John Carpenter, Yvonne Smith, and
John Mack, among others-into this extraordinary area of specialization.
David Jacobs, Ph.D.
David M. Jacobs, Ph.D. is Associate Professor of History at Temple
University specializing in twentieth century American history and culture.
Dr. Jacobs began researching the controversy over unidentified flying
objects in America in the mid 1960's, and has amassed over 35 years of
primary research data and analytical hypotheses on the subject. Since 1973
Dr. Jacobs has continued to devote most of his professional and personal
energies to researching the UFO phenomenon in general, and the abduction
phenomenon in particular. Having conducted over 750 hypnotic regressions
with over 125 abductees, Dr. Jacobs is one of the foremost UFO abduction
researchers worldwide. As a result of his extensive primary research, he
has developed the first scientific typology of the abduction experience.
John Mack, M.D.
John E. Mack, M.D., professor of
psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and founder of the Center for
Psychology & Social Change, explores how extraordinary experiences can
affect personal, societal and global transformation. He is the author of
many books detailing how one's perceptions shape relationships with one
another and with the world, including the Pulitzer Prize-winning biography
of T.E. Lawrence, A Prince of Our Disorder, Abduction, and Passport to the
Cosmos: Human Transformation and Alien Encounters.
UFO Evidence is one of the
Internet's largest sources of quality research and information on the UFO
1947: AIRCRAFT/UFO ENCOUNTERS
PROJECT 1947 is a world-wide
effort to document the origins of the modern UFO phenomenon. Research for
the project has yielded many early-era UFO reports via the FOIA, newspaper
articles and contemporary accounts. Some of the material gathered by
PROJECT 1947 is on display here.
AIRCRAFT / UFO ENCOUNTERS
Military, Airline and Private Pilot UFO
from 1942 to 1996 Compiled and © 1997 by Dominique Weinstein
PRIOR TO 1942
By Jan Aldrich
Site Update December 10,
Julian J. A. Hennessey - The U.K.
Government and UFOs
For many years Julian Hennessey worked as NICAP's representative in Great
Britain where he investigated a large number of cases in the U.K. and
Europe. He was chairman of European Investigative Subcommittee #1 of the
National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP), and through
persistent and meticulous efforts was able to create an impressive network
of official and semi-official interest in
Some of this official
interest was less than supportive, and many times Hennessey became a thorn
in the side of British government officials who continued to insist that
there was no real interest in UFO reports other than those with "possible
Jan Aldrich presents an
overview of Julian's work in this introduction to the previously
unpublished essay, The U.K. Government and UFOs, in which Julian outlines
some significant historical British UFO events and his own involvement
with UFO research in the 60s and 70s.
UNLOCK SECRETS OF EARLY MAN
By Mark Kinver, Science reporter, BBC
[IMAGE: Researchers are confident the tools
are 700,000 years old Flint tool found at the Pakefield site (Harry
New research shows early humans were living
in Britain around 700,000 years ago, substantially earlier than had
previously been thought. Using new dating techniques, scientists found
that flint tools unearthed in Pakefield, Suffolk, were 200,000 years older
than the previous oldest finds.
Humans were known to have lived in southern
Europe 780,000 years ago but it was unclear when they moved north. The
findings have been published in the scientific journal Nature.
A team of researchers from the UK, Italy and
Canada found a total of 32 flint tools in a fossil-rich seam at Pakefield.
They say it represents the earliest unequivocal evidence of human activity
in northern Europe.
One of the team, Chris Stringer of the
Natural History Museum's Department of Paleontology, said the discovery of
evidence of early human activity in Britain was startling.
"Until recently I certainly would not have
believed that there would have been humans this far back," he said.
Professor Stringer told reporters at a media briefing in central London
that the tools displayed all the hallmarks of human workmanship, and were
not the result of natural erosion.
[IMAGE: The tools were used for scraping,
cutting and sawing. Flint tools found at the Pakefield site (Harry
"One of the worries is that perhaps things
like this can be produced by rocks bashing together in a river bed. These
are not in this context, so we are confident that these are stone tools."
The scientists said they were happy that the
artifacts were 700,000 years old because there was a range of evidence
that all converged on the same age. One factor was the discovery, at the
same location, of teeth from a species of water vole that existed in this
period. Professor Anthony Stuart, from University College London, told
reporters this played a key role in dating the site.
"A modern water vole has molar teeth that
grow all the time and have no roots. Its ancestor, called Mimomys savini,
had rooted teeth which did not grow. Nobody in northern Europe has before
found any evidence of humans in association with this older water vole."
[Click here to see how northern Europe
looked 700,000 years ago
Until this find, it was thought that humans
arrived in northern Europe 500,000 years ago, after archaeologists
unearthed a shin bone and two incisor teeth along with a number of flint
tools at Boxgrove in southern England.
The earliest evidence of human existence in
southern Europe dates back 800,000 years at sites in Spain and Italy. It
was thought that humans did not move to the colder north because they were
unable to adapt to factors such as longer winters and shorter growing
SUFFOLK 700,000 YEARS AGO Artist's impression of Suffolk 700,000 years ago
(NHM). It was significantly warmer so people could move north without
adaptation. Professor Chris Stringer
However, Professor Stringer said soil
samples from the Pakefield site revealed that the climate 700,000 years
ago was similar to the present day Mediterranean region.
"We have learned from Pakefield and its
fantastic biological evidence that it was significantly warmer so people
could move north without adaptation. They also had the same sort of plants
and animals to exploit."
The megafauna that would have roamed Europe
during this period included rhinoceroses, elephants, sabre-tooth cats and
The geography was also very
different from the present day. Britain was connected to the continent by
a land bridge, which would have allowed early humans to move in and out
easily. The land was low with no steep hills. Very large rivers dominated
the landscape and could have been used as tracks by migrating humans.
'Stone Age gold'
The Pakefield site was on the floodplains of the River Bytham, which was
Britain's largest river before it was destroyed by glaciers some 450,000
Commenting in Nature, Wil
Roebroeks of the Netherlands' Leiden University, said the team's data was
"Stone Age gold" but it did not provide evidence of colonization.
"The Pakefield artifacts
probably do not testify to a colonization of the colder temperate
environments of northern Europe, but more to a short-lived human expansion
of range, in rhythm with climatic oscillations."
Professor Stringer said the discovery opened
up a whole new area of research.
"The fact that we know that there were
people in Britain at this early date means we can start to look for
further evidence of them and perhaps one day be lucky enough to find
fossil remains of these people."
[IMAGE: BBC graphic of
north-west Europe 700,000 years ago (Ancient Human Occupation of Britain
LEGENDS GIVE EARLY WARNING OF DISASTERS
The new science of geomythology is being
harnessed by researchers who believe folklore can save lives.
On the banks of Siletz Bay in Lincoln City,
Oregon, officials dedicated a memorial last week to one of America's worst
calamities: a huge earthquake and tsunami that killed thousands of Native
Americans 300 years ago.
But the memorial's main job is not to
commemorate the disaster, which has only just come to light, but to warn
local people that similar devastation could strike at any time.
The area sits over massive fault lines whose
dangers have been highlighted by a startling new scientific discipline
that combines Earth science studies and analysis of ancient legends. This
is geomythology, and it is transforming our knowledge of earthquakes,
volcanoes and tsunamis, says the journal Science.
According to the discipline's proponents,
violent geological upheavals may be more frequent than was previously
the 'lost' Seattle earthquake, geomythology has recently revealed that a
volcano in Fiji, thought to be dormant, is active, a discovery that
followed geologists' decision to follow up legends of a mountain appearing
have found that Middle Eastern flooding myths, including the story of
Noah, could be traced to the sudden inundation of the Black Sea 7,600
years ago. The Oracle at Delphi has been found to lie over a geological
fault through which seeped hallucinogenic gases. These could account for
the trances and utterances of the oracle's mystics.
'Myths can tell us a great deal about what
happened in the past and were important in establishing what happened here
300 years ago,' said Brian Atwater, of the US Geological Survey in
Oregon and Washington coast, there are Native American stories about
boulders, called a'yahos, which can shake to death anyone who stares at
them. In addition, Ruth Ludwin, a seismologist in Seattle, discovered
tales of villages being washed away and of whales and thunderbirds locked
stories were a key influence on Atwater, who started to study the 680-mile
long Cascadia subduction zone fault along the coast. What he found
provided a shock. Long stretches had suffered sudden inundation relatively
The study of
trees stumps in this drowned landscape indicated there had been a huge
earthquake and a tsunami between 1680 and 1720. 'We didn't know whether it
was one massive quake or a couple of slightly smaller ones. Nor did we
know exactly when the disaster occurred,' added Atwater. Later research on
tree rings put the date at between 1699 and 1700.
Then local legends helped again. Japanese
colleagues studied their records and traced an orphan tsunami - a giant
wave not linked to a local earthquake - that destroyed several villages on
27 January, 1700.
'That told us two things: that our earthquake must have been vast, Richter
scale 9, to devastate part of Japan thousands of miles away. It also gave
us a precise date for our disaster.'
Scientists now believe huge earthquakes and
tsunamis devastate the Seattle area every 200 to 1,000 years. 'We may be
due one soon,' added Atwater. However, until this year, the lesson of that
tsunami was remembered only as a dim legend. Other such stories have been
put to better use, however.
Last year's tsunami was also triggered by a
strong earthquake, and around 300,000 people died. The Moken - or sea
gypsies - of Thailand, however, have a tradition which warns that when
tides recede far and fast, now known as a precursor of a tsunami, then a
man-eating wave will soon head their way: so they should run far and fast.
Last 26 December, they did - and survived.
Another example of the power of geomythology
is from Patrick Nunn, of Fiji in the South Pacific. His studies of
volcanoes on the Fijian island of Kadavu indicated they had not been
active for tens of thousands of years.
'Then I heard legends of recent eruptions,'
he told The Observer. 'I thought them unlikely. When a road was cut there
in 2002, I found there had been a volcanic eruption long after it had been
occupied by humans. It made me look at myths in a new light.'
Now, Nunn is working for the French
government to compile tales that might pinpoint Pacific islands where
scientists should look for warnings of earthquakes, volcanoes and
catastrophic landslides. These include stories of deities who fish up
islands from the water and others in which they are thrown back into the
'If you had asked
me 10 years ago if there was value in local myths I would have said "not a
lot",' added Nunn. 'Since then I have had a Pauline conversion.'
Source: The Observer
Conspiracy Journal 12/9/05
MAY BE EARLIEST AUSTRALIAN
The tiny hobbit-like humans of Indonesia may
have lived in Australia before they became extinct about 11,000 years ago.
The startling claim comes from archaeologist Mike Morwood, leader of the
team that uncovered remains of the 1m-tall hominid at Liang Bua cave on
Indonesia's Flores island in 2003.
They believe the pint-size
person - known officially as Homo floresiensis and unofficially as the
"Hobbit" - was wiped out by a volcanic eruption that spared their Homo
Speaking at a public lecture
in Perth, Professor Morwood from the University of New England in
Armidale, New South Wales, raised the prospect that Hobbits colonized
Australia before Aboriginal settlers arrived about 60,000 years go. He
suggested that the Hobbits may have been pushed out by the bigger people,
in part because their population was too small to compete.
"This is seriously being
discussed now by the archaeological community in Australia as a result of
our work in Indonesia," Professor Morwood said. He suggested that further
field work at sites in Indonesia and northern Australia could provide
But one of Professor
Morwood's colleagues on the discovery team was surprised by the notion of
Hobbits in Australia. "It's the first I've heard about it," said Bert
Roberts, a dating expert with the University of Wollongong. "Call me a wet
blanket, but I'm not sure where Mike thinks he's going to excavate."
Professor Roberts said
conditions during the north Australian wet season meant that small,
ancient remains were unlikely to have survived. He noted that no early
human remains have been unearthed in northern Australia and said that even
the remains of the giant prehistoric animals, the mega-fauna, were scarce.
"Realistically, there's one
cave on the planet with the remains of this species. How about looking
some place close to Liang Bua cave," Professor Roberts said. "Australia is
a wild conjecture."
There is also the troubling
question of how the Hobbits would have traveled south from their
Indonesian homeland. To date, there's no hard evidence they could sail or
raft. Professor Morwood's surprising suggestion follows a recent report in
the journal Nature that the team has been denied exploration permits to
excavate at Liang Bua cave, although other sites are approved.
"We're waiting for the dust
to settle," said Professor Roberts, referring to a long-running dispute
with Indonesia's senior paleoanthropologist, Teuku Jacob of Gajah Mada
University in Yogyakarta.
Professor Jacob, who
temporarily snatched the Hobbit remains, claimed the creature was a
deformed human and wished to work at the cave to prove his point.
SOURCE: The Nation
Conspiracy Journal 12/9/05
GENUS SKULL FOUND IN 360 MILLION YEAR OLD QUARRY
From Brad Steiger 12-2-5
In July 2005, a small primate skull was
discovered in the desert of Tafilalet near Erfound, Morocco. It was in the
sand of a marble quarry where Devonian fossils were already found.
Subsequently, the skull could be around 360 million years old.
Characteristic features in the only 6.1 cm high and 3.9 cm broad fossil
indicate the genus Homo: a globular forehead and hind skull and an
inferior position of the occipital hole under the cranium, which is
typical for upright body posture. The fossil was called Homo alaouite, in
homage to the Alaouite Dynasty.
SOURCE AND IMAGES:
YEAR OLD FOOTPRINTS OF 'FIRST AMERICANS'
By Paul Rincon
BBC News science reporter
People left traces of their presence in
the sediments of a shoreline
Human settlers made it to the Americas
30,000 years earlier than previously thought, according to new evidence. A
team of scientists came to this controversial conclusion by dating human
footprints preserved by volcanic ash in an abandoned quarry in Mexico.
They say the first Americans may have arrived by sea, rather than by foot.
The traditional view is that the continent's
early settlers arrived around 11,000 years ago, by crossing a land bridge
between Siberia and Alaska.
Details of the latest findings were unveiled
at the UK Royal Society's Summer Science Exhibition.
Dr Silvia Gonzalez of
Liverpool's John Moores University and her colleagues found the footprints
in the quarry, some 130km (80 miles) south-east of Mexico City, in 2003.
But they have only finished dating them this year.
The footprints were preserved as trace
fossils in volcanic ash along what was the shoreline of an ancient
volcanic lake. They were soon covered in more ash and lake sediments and,
when water levels rose, became as solid as concrete.
Dr Gonzalez was under no illusions that the
finding would be controversial: "It's going to be an archaeological bomb,"
she told the BBC News website, "and we're up for a fight."
The team used several methods to date a
variety of material from the site near Puebla, Mexico, in order to be sure
they were right about the age.
"We have materials that have been dated
below the footprint layer, the footprint layer itself and on top of the
footprint layer. Everything is making sense," said Dr Gonzalez.
The researchers used radiocarbon dating on
shells and animal bones in the sequences and dated mammoth teeth by a
technique called electron spin resonance. The sediments themselves were
dated by optically stimulated luminescence.
"Some lake sediments were incorporated into
the ash and were baked. They look like small fragments of brick and these
were the ones we dated in the footprint layer. They gave us a result of
38,000 years," Dr Gonzalez.
Under the traditional view, humans
trekked from Siberia to Alaska across a land bridge that linked these land
masses at the end of the last ice age (between about 10,000 and 12,500
the theory, called the Clovis First model, are Clovis points - the tools
these settlers used to hunt large beasts, or megafauna, such as mammoths
existence of 40,000-year-old human footprints in Mexico means that the
Clovis First model of human occupation can no longer be accepted as the
first evidence of human presence in the Americas," said co-investigator
David Huddart, of Liverpool John Moores.
Dr Michael Faught, an expert in early
American archaeology, was reserving judgment until evidence was published:
"It would be significant if it were demonstrated, but usually those
(early) sites don't hold up well," he told the BBC News website. But, he
added: "There's more and more evidence that Alaska was not the only place
people came into the continent."
Dr Gonzalez is a proponent of the Coastal
Migration Theory. This proposes that people arrived on the west coast in
boats, hugging the coastline from North to South. But where these settlers
came from is still a mystery, she says. Some have proposed that the
earliest humans to reach the continent could have come from south-east
Asia or even Australia.
Genetic studies of present-day Native
American populations support a recent arrival from north-east Asia, which
agrees well with an entry through the Beringian land bridge at the end of
the last Ice Age.
Gonzalez suggests that the earliest settlers may have become extinct,
leaving no genetic legacy today. She thinks these hunters may have been
highly mobile, living in small groups, perhaps explaining why they left
scant trace of their presence.
Dr Gonzalez and ancient DNA expert Alan
Cooper, of the University of Adelaide in Australia, have managed to
extract genetic material from three molars belonging to Peñon Woman III, a
13,000-year-old partial skeleton from Mexico. The analysis is still
IN MEXICO CREATE SCIENTIFIC STIR
By Catherine McAloon
Associated Press 05 July 2005
LONDON (AP) _ British scientists claimed on
Tuesday to have unearthed 40,000 year-old human footprints in central
Mexico, challenging previous studies that put the arrival of the first
humans in the Americas at about 13,500 years ago.
Scientists Silvia Gonzalez, from Liverpool
John Moores University, and Matthew Bennett, of Bournemouth University,
found the footprints in an abandoned quarry close to the Cerro Toluquilla
volcano in the Valsequillo Basin, near Puebla, south of Mexico City in
the footprints were preserved as trace fossils in volcanic ash along what
was the shoreline of an ancient volcanic lake.
"Climate variations and the eruption of the
Cerro Toluquilla volcano caused lake levels to rise and fall, exposing the
Xalnene volcanic ash layer,'' Gonzalez said.
She said the footprints, which were
preserved when water levels rose, were now hard as concrete and had been
uncovered without excavation as quarry workers had already removed two to
three meters (6.5 to 9.8 feet) of lake sediment that had been deposited on
top of the volcanic ash layer.
The footprints were analyzed and dated by a
team of international scientists using laser technology. The findings
challenge previously held ideas about the settlement of the Americas.
Scientists have long believed that the first
humans came to North America after the last Ice Age ended about 13,500
years ago. According to that theory, they crossed a land bridge from Asia
into what is now Alaska and spread quickly across the continent.
The theory is supported by the stone tools
they left behind _ all less than 13,500 years old. Their tool technology
was named "Clovis'' for the New Mexico town where it was first described.
"The existence of 40,000 year-old human
footprints in Mexico means that the "Clovis First'' model of human
occupation can no longer be accepted as the first evidence of human
presence in the Americas,'' said David Huddart, a professor at Liverpool
John Moores University, and a collaborator on the discovery.
Gonzalez said the findings supported a
theory that the first colonies may have arrived by water, using the
Pacific coast migration route, rather than by foot.
"We think there were several migration waves
into the Americas at different times by different human groups,'' she
The findings are
being exhibited as part of a summer exhibition at London's prestigious
scientific academy, the Royal Society.
ASTEROID HEADING OUR WAY
Yet another asteroid is heading our way and
could hit us in 31 years—will this one spell our doom, like an earlier one
did for the dinosaurs? This one is called Apophis, after the ancient
Egyptian spirit of evil and destruction.
Alok Jha writes in The
Guardian that the asteroid is now aiming for Earth. It’s being watched by
astronomers all over the world, and if it looks like it will hit a body of
land, they may try to figure out how to deflect it or break it up in
space. Most asteroids that hit the Earth land in the ocean, since oceans
cover most of the Earth’s area. NASA says that an impact from Apophis,
which could come in 2036, would release more than 100,000 times the energy
of the nuclear bomb that was detonated over Hiroshima in World War II. No
matter where it does hit, we would all be affected by the nuclear winter
that effect from millions of dust particles being released into the
atmosphere. This is probably what killed off the dinosaurs.
Astronomers have tracked
Apophis ever since it was discovered in June but it has only started
worrying them now, because they say the odds of it hitting Earth in 2029
are alarming. We don't have much time to lose. It will take many years to
design, test and build the technology we need to deflect the asteroid.
Meteor expert Monica Grady says an impact by Apophis could cause "mass
extinction…We are overdue for a big one."
CALLED APOPHIS. IT'S 390m WIDE
AND IT COULD HIT EARTH IN 31 YEARS TIME
Alok Jha The Guardian
December 7, 2005
Scientists call for
plans to change asteroid's path
Developing technology could take decades
In Egyptian myth, Apophis
was the ancient spirit of evil and destruction, a demon that was
determined to plunge the world into eternal darkness.
A fitting name, astronomers
reasoned, for a menace now hurtling towards Earth from outer space.
Scientists are monitoring the progress of a 390-metre wide asteroid
discovered last year that is potentially on a collision course with the
planet, and are imploring governments to decide on a strategy for dealing
NASA has estimated that an
impact from Apophis, which has an outside chance of hitting the Earth in
2036, would release more than 100,000 times the energy released in the
nuclear blast over Hiroshima. Thousands of square kilometers would be
directly affected by the blast but the whole of the Earth would see the
effects of the dust released into the atmosphere.
And, scientists insist,
there is actually very little time left to decide. At a recent meeting of
experts in near-Earth objects (NEOs) in London, scientists said it could
take decades to design, test and build the required technology to deflect
the asteroid. Monica Grady, an expert in meteorites at the Open
University, said: "It's a question of when, not if, a near Earth object
collides with Earth. Many of the smaller objects break up when they reach
the Earth's atmosphere and have no impact.
However, a NEO larger than
1km [wide] will collide with Earth every few hundred thousand years and a
NEO larger than 6km, which could cause mass extinction, will collide with
Earth every hundred million years. We are overdue for a big one."
Apophis had been
intermittently tracked since its discovery in June last year but, in
December, it started causing serious concern. Projecting the orbit of the
asteroid into the future, astronomers had calculated that the odds of it
hitting the Earth in 2029 were alarming. As more observations came in, the
odds got higher.
Having more than 20 years
warning of potential impact might seem plenty of time. But, at last week's
meeting, Andrea Carusi, president of the Spaceguard Foundation, said that
the time for governments to make decisions on what to do was now, to give
scientists time to prepare mitigation missions. At the peak of concern,
Apophis asteroid was placed at four out of 10 on the Torino scale - a
measure of the threat posed by an NEO where 10 is a certain collision
which could cause a global catastrophe. This was the highest of any
asteroid in recorded history and it had a 1 in 37 chance of hitting the
Earth. The threat of a collision in 2029 was eventually ruled out at the
end of last year.
Alan Fitzsimmons, an
astronomer from Queen's University Belfast, said: "When it does pass close
to us on April 13 2029, the Earth will deflect it and change its orbit.
There's a small possibility that if it passes through a particular point
in space, the so-called keyhole, ... the Earth's gravity will change
things so that when it comes back around again in 2036, it will collide
with us." The chance of Apophis passing through the keyhole, a 600-metre
patch of space, is 1 in 5,500 based on current information.
There are no shortage of
ideas on how to deflect asteroids. The Advanced Concepts Team at the
European Space Agency have led the effort in designing a range of
satellites and rockets to nudge asteroids on a collision course for Earth
into a different orbit.
No technology has been left
unconsidered, even potentially dangerous ideas such as nuclear powered
spacecraft. "The advantage of nuclear propulsion is a lot of power," said
Prof Fitzsimmons. "The negative thing is that ... we haven't done it yet.
Whereas with solar electric propulsion, there are several spacecraft now
that do use this technology so we're fairly confident it would work."
The favored method is also
potentially the easiest - throwing a spacecraft at an asteroid to change
its direction. ESA plans to test this idea with its Don Quixote mission,
where two satellites will be sent to an asteroid. One of them, Hidalgo,
will collide with the asteroid at high speed while the other, Sancho, will
measure the change in the object's orbit. Decisions on the actual design
of these probes will be made in the coming months, with launch expected
some time in the next decade. One idea that seems to have no support from
astronomers is the use of explosives.
Prof Fitzsimmons. "If you
explode too close to impact, perhaps you'll get hit by several fragments
rather than one, so you spread out the area of damage."
In September, scientists at
Strathclyde and Glasgow universities began computer simulations to work
out the feasibility of changing the directions of asteroids on a collision
course for Earth. In spring next year, there will be another opportunity
for radar observations of Apophis that will help astronomers work out
possible future orbits of the asteroid more accurately.
If, at that stage, they
cannot rule out an impact with Earth in 2036, the next chance to make
better observations will not be until 2013. NASA has argued that a final
decision on what to do about Apophis will have to be made at that stage.
"It may be a decision in
2013 whether or not to go ahead with a full-blown mitigation mission, but
we need to start planning it before 2013," said Prof Fitzsimmons. In 2029,
astronomers will know for sure if Apophis will pose a threat in 2036. If
the worst-case scenarios turn out to be true and the Earth is not
prepared, it will be too late. "If we wait until 2029, it would seem
unlikely that you'd be able to do anything about 2036," said Mr. Yates.
APOPHIS: DEALING WITH EARTH'S FUTURE TROUBLEMAKER
Leonard David, Space.com
3 November 2005, Article Posted: December 30, 2005
BOULDER, Colorado – The
potential for a newly discovered asteroid smacking into the Earth in 2036
cannot be discounted. NASA has sketched out a response strategy in the
outside possibility that the space rock becomes a true threat. NASA’s
action plan was the result of prodding by a group of astronauts,
scientists and other technical specialists uneasy about the current lack
of action to protect the Earth from the impact of near Earth objects
The object was found last
year through the efforts of NASA’s Spaceguard Survey. In 1998 NASA
formally initiated the Spaceguard Survey by adopting the objective of
finding 90 percent of the near Earth asteroids larger than 3,280 feet (one
kilometer) diameter within the next decade - before the end of 2008.
Asteroid 99942 Apophis –
first labeled as 2004 MN4 -- is estimated to be roughly 1,000 feet (320
meters) in diameter. Were it to strike Earth, it would not set off global
havoc but would generate significant local or regional damage, experts
Worrisome to asteroid
watchers is the exceptionally close flyby of Earth by Apophis on April 13,
2029. So close in fact, the space rock will be naked-eye visible as it
darts by. And what can’t be ruled out at this time is that Apophis may
pass through a gravitational “keyhole” – a spot that alters the asteroid’s
trajectory as it zips by our planet and might put it on the bee-line lane
for banging into Earth seven years later.
Concern over asteroid
Apophis and the ability to precisely chart its trajectory -- and take
steps if needed to deflect the object -- were fervently voiced by the B612
Foundation, chaired by Russell Schweickart, a former Apollo astronaut.
The group requested that
NASA carry out an analysis that included the possibility of placing an
active radio transponder on the object. Doing so at a fairly early date
would yield the requisite orbital accuracy of the asteroid as it sped
In a June 6 letter to NASA
Administrator, Michael Griffin, Schweickart on behalf of the B612
Foundation called for support in “resolving an issue of critical
importance” - namely whether a scientific mission should be launched to
asteroid Apophis in the near term.
Such a probe, if dispatched,
Schweickart stated, would provide knowledge of the asteroid’s orbit in
time to initiate a deflection mission in the unlikely event one should be
required. The position of the B612 Foundation was that the mission should
be staged, pointing out that NASA’s NEO program personnel apparently did
not concur with that view. A spacecraft mission to Apophis would augment
tracking of the object from the ground, the letter to Griffin explained,
and also carry out a number of scientific duties too.
NASA provided a formal
response to the B612 Foundation’s June communiqué via an October 12 letter
from Mary Cleave, Associate Administrator for Science Mission Directorate.
That NASA reply came with an appended detailed analysis by Steven Chesley
of NASA’S NEO Program Office at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in
Pasadena, California. The study by Chesley dug into Apophis’ orbit, under
varying conditions, and contained other items pertaining to the space
agency’s findings about the Apophis matter.
“The key conclusion to be
taken from this analysis,” Cleave explained in the letter, “is that
aggressive (i.e., more expensive) action can reasonably be delayed until
after the 2013 observing opportunity. For Apophis, the 16 years available
after 2013 are sufficient to recognize and respond to any hazard that
still exists after that time.”
Cleave noted in the letter
that while Apophis “is an object whose motion we will continue to monitor
closely in the coming years, we conclude a space mission to this object
based solely on any perceived collision hazard is not warranted at this
Not ruled out by Cleave,
however, is the prospect of Discovery-class, low-cost missions sent to
Apophis, “based on purely scientific arguments,” she said. “Indeed, the
asteroid’s orbit is particularly attractive for spacecraft rendezvous, and
the extraordinary close encounter in April 2029 provides a unique
opportunity to investigate a number of scientific NEO issues,” Cleave
explained in the letter.
While Schweickart said that
the NASA response to the B612 Foundation’s concern is a step forward,
there are other issues still to be resolved. One matter involves radar
tracking of Apophis.
On one hand, radar plays a
crucial role in being able to rationally determine the future likelihood
of a NEO impact and potentially in planning for a deflection mission when
required. Yet the availability of NEO radar tracking, and the budgets to
support this work in the future is highly uncertain, even precarious,
Schweickart and the B612 Foundation emphasize. Radar hits of Apophis at
each opportunity through 2021 are important to keep watch of the object’s
“Tracking these asteroids
once you know they exist and pinning down their orbits is really not
science,” Schweickart told SPACE.com. “This is public safety. It’s
When Apophis swings by
Earth, Schweickart said the asteroid will likely change its orbit. Also,
its spin characteristics may be altered. Due to Earth’s gravity tugging on
the object, “asteroid quakes” could reshape Apophis, he said.
Moreover, still far from
resolution is a “whose in charge” proclamation about troublemaking NEOs,
“It would be great if we had
NASA doing this as a regular process. Unfortunately, the mindset that’s
essentially required by their budget is to think about discovery, not to
think about the potential need for deflection,” Schweickart added. “Until
your mindset is oriented that way, you’re going to miss things.”
Until an agency is
identified that is responsible for all of this, Schweickart cautioned,
everybody is “begging time and bumming bucks” from some other program.
“This whole thing is sort of in a precarious position until somebody gets
around to assigning agency responsibility,” he said.
Regarding the skill required
to deposit a transponder on Apophis, Schweickart saluted Japan’s Hayabusa
asteroid sample-return mission, now in progress. That craft is scheduled
to make two landings on its target asteroid – Itokawa -- later this month.
The mission is geared to haul back samples of the object to Earth.
Scientists at Japan’s
Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) are working day-by-day
issues in readying the probe for contact with the asteroid, including
release of a mini-robot onto Itokawa that will move about and survey its
rocky surroundings. ISAS is a research arm of the Japan Aerospace
Exploration Agency (JAXA).
“It’s an impressive
mission,” Schweickart said, sure to yield operational experience and
lessons learned on how best to execute duties on asteroid Apophis.
The ruin stemming from
asteroid Apophis colliding with Earth would potentially be very great.
Indeed, the consequences, Schweickart suggested, would dwarf those seen as
a result of the Indian Ocean tsunami in December 2004, hurricanes Katrina
and Rita in September of this year, and the Pakistan earthquake last
In regards to global
preparedness in handling these unusually devastating events of late, “it’s
basically out of sight…out of mind,” Schweickart said. “That’s the real
challenge for society. The things that you don’t know about are one thing.
But the things that you do know about, and don’t do something about…those
are the ones that are really tough.”
Fully concurring with NASA’s
response is Alan Harris, a senior research scientist and asteroid expert
for the Space Science Institute headquartered here. Harris noted, as has
been underscored by the B612 Foundation, that if Apophis is indeed on an
impact trajectory, then ground-based radar observations will not be able
to refine the impact probability to greater than 20 percent. “That is, we
would still not know better than one-chance-in-five whether the impact
would really occur or not,” he told SPACE.com.
“We really would need a
transponder to improve tracking enough to firmly establish that an impact
would occur,” Harris said.
What has been overlooked, or
at best under-emphasized, Harris added, is a point raised in the NASA
response. Ground-only tracking has a 99.8 percent chance of eliminating
any chance at all of an impact. Thus, there is only one-chance-in-500 that
ground-based tracking will fail to resolve the issue in favor of no
impact. “For this reason I think the NASA conclusion is entirely
sensible,” he said.
Harris said that there are
Apophis observing opportunities every 6-8 years, with each one having
about a 90 percent chance of eliminating any possible impact. At each of
these “shoulder” times, he said, one can re-evaluate the “wait and see”
strategy if the impact possibility does not go away.
“Certainly it seems
appropriate to play the ‘wait and see’ game until after the 2013 observing
opportunity,” Harris stated. None of this diminishes the opening that
Apophis presents for purely scientific investigations, which could
incidentally contribute to the NEO hazard issue, he said.
Harris said that he would
not recommend a “deep impact” type of scientific mission, “lest we have
the misfortune to deflect it into a keyhole, but other than that, Apophis
is a very attractive mission target.”
Asteroid Apophis, and the
discussions it has sparked are welcomed, observed David Morrison, a space
scientist and asteroid specialist at NASA’s Ames Research Center, situated
in Silicon Valley, California.
“I am pleased that this
dialog is taking place,” Morrison said. “This is the first time that
serious possibilities for dealing with a real but low-probability future
impact have been discussed in a technically professional way, rather than
receiving the ‘Hollywood treatment’ ”. Morrison said that he considers it
remarkable that the Spaceguard Survey has reached the level of maturity
where such an asteroid could not only be found, but its orbit understood
well enough to deal with “keyholes” and other subtleties. “Apophis
represents for me a symbol of the coming of age of Spaceguard and of
asteroid impact studies in general,” he said.
The possibility of Apophis
hitting Earth on April 13, 2036 is real, Morrison said, even if the
probabilities now seem to be very small. “These probabilities represent
uncertainties in our knowledge of the orbit, not a failure of the
science.” But whether the asteroid will strike Earth or not, Morrison
concluded, the challenge is to resolve which case is correct. “With more
observations over a longer time span, we will be able to tie this down.”
EARTH OBJECTS - WHAT LIES AHEAD?
Friday, 2 December 2005
PPARC -- Telescope
facilities across the world are watching the skies for rocky remnants from
outer space on a collision course with planet Earth. Currently one or two
of these so called 'Near Earth Objects' [NEOs] are being recorded each day
but fortunately for humankind the vast majority are the size of a human
fist and pose no threat.
Nevertheless, the presence
of large impact craters on Earth provides dramatic evidence of past
collisions, some of which have been catastrophic for the planet's species,
as was the case with the dinosaurs. This week, experts from across Europe
and the US met in London to consider current and future efforts to monitor
NEOs in order to better predict those with Earth impacting trajectories,
since it is inevitable that a catastrophic collision will happen again in
Professor Monica Grady, a
leading expert on meteorites from the Open University explains, "It's
simply a question of when, not if, a NEO collides with the Earth. Many of
the smaller objects break up when they reach Earth's atmosphere and have
no impact. However, a NEO larger than 1 km will collide with Earth every
few hundred thousand years and an NEO larger than 6 km, which could cause
a mass extinction, will collide with Earth every hundred million years.
And we are overdue for a big one!"
NEOs, remnants from the
formation of the inner planets, range in size from 10 meter objects to
those in excess of 1 km. It is estimated that 100 fist sized meteorites,
fragments of NEOs, fall to Earth on a daily basis but larger objects
impact with Earth on a much less regular basis.
Professor Alan Fitzsimmons
from Queens University Belfast is a UK astronomer (supported by the
Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council) involved in the study of
NEOs, using telescope facilities such as the European Southern
Observatory's Very Large telescope in Chile, the Isaac Newton Telescope in
La Palma and the Faulkes Telescope in Hawaii. He said, "By the end of the
decade as new dedicated facilities, such as the Pan-STARR project in
Hawaii, come on line there will be a quantum leap in the discovery of NEOs
- with rates anticipated to increase to hundreds per day. This will
provide us with a greater ability to determine which ones are on a
potential Earth colliding trajectory."
Studies of one such asteroid
(Apophis), which was discovered in June 2004, have shown that there is a
low probability that this object will impact the Earth in 2036. This has
raised a whole series of issues about the prospect of deflecting the
asteroid before a very close approach in 2029. Government's across the
world are looking at the issue and in particular at the technologies and
methods required to carry out an asteroid deflection maneuver in space.
The European Space Agency's
NEO Mission Advisory Panel (NEOMAP), of which Professor Fitzsimmons is a
member, has selected "Don Quixote" as their preferred option for an
asteroid deflecting test mission. Don Quixote would comprise two
spacecraft - one of them (Hildalgo) would impact the asteroid at a very
high relative speed while the second spacecraft (Sancho) would arrive
earlier to monitor the effect of the impact to measure the variation of
the asteroid's orbital parameters. This attempt to deflect an incoming NEO
would act as a precursor mission with the primary objective of modifying
the trajectory of a "non-threatening" asteroid.
Richard Tremayne-Smith, from
the British National Space Centre, heads up the coordination of UK NEO
activity and helps provide an international lead on NEO efforts on the
issue. He said, "NEO collisions are the only known natural disaster that
can be avoided by applying appropriate technology - and so it is the
interest of Governments across the World to take interest in this global
issue. Here in the UK we take the matter very seriously and progress is
being made in taking forward the recommendations of the UK NEO Task Force
Report in an international arena."
The current method of
studying NEOs is achieved through a combination of 3 different methods:-
the study of meteorites to understand their structure and composition;
earth based astronomical observations of asteroids; and space based
observations and encounters with asteroids.
Much can be understood about
the nature of asteroids from the study of meteorites which are fragments
of asteroids that have broken up and fallen to Earth. Professor Grady
explains how the ground based study of meteorites is crucial to future
plans for dealing with asteroids.
"In order to define
successful strategies for deflecting asteroids that might collide with
Earth, it is essential to understand the material properties such as the
composition, strength and porosity of asteroids. By putting together such
information with data from both ground based and space based studies we
can begin to build an accurate picture of these diverse phenomena."
UK scientists are involved
in a number of other missions which will also be investigating the
properties of asteroids and comets. This includes NASA's Stardust mission
which collected samples from Comet Wild 2 in January 2004. These samples
are set to return to Earth in January 2006 and scientists from the Open
University will be involved in their analysis. The European Space Agency's
Rosetta mission which is currently on route to Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko
will pass by two asteroids, Steins and Lutetia, before reaching its target
in 2014, gathering data about their properties as it flies past.
THE CROP CIRCLE PHENOMENON
Everybody knows about Crop Circles. But
nobody agrees on just who or what is making them, and why they exist for
brief times in grain fields all over the world. Often showing intricate
geometrical and sometimes occult patterns that are so complex and
perfectly patterned, the designs are best seen from the air and suggest
hours of labor sometimes accomplished within brief time periods while no
one is looking.
That they usually occur
under cover of darkness makes the mystery even more astounding. If
accomplished by human hand, as many would argue, the abilities of such
pranksters to create such profound art without the help of lamps and
measuring devices, including a surveyor’s sextant, leaves the observers
There appears to be two
primary theories as to the origin of these spectacular artworks that come
and go with each growing season. Some say they are an emerging art form; a
contemporary graffiti that one writer in National Geographic suggests
“will be written about in future art history books as the most remarkable
artistic innovation to emerge from the Twentieth Century.”
The second theory is that
they are mysterious messages from extraterrestrials, created by unknown
technology from alien craft passing overhead in the night sky. One thought
is that because of their brief existence, the circles might be markers for
time travelers, giving exact dates in which to land.
Whether they existed prior
to the first stories about them in southern England in the mid-1970s is
not known. The first media records of designs in grain fields showed
relatively simple formations appearing overnight in the area already known
as home for some of the strangest Neolithic sites in the world including
Stonehenge, Avebury and Silbury Hill. In every case the crops are
flattened and the stalks bent, but not broken.
The phenomenon seemed to
gain momentum after the initial stories were told. Now the formations are
showing up in fields in Australia, South Africa, The United States,
Russia, and China. They are just about anywhere that farmers grow crops
and that the field can be altered so that an image is clearly visible from
And each year, the
centerpiece of the circle art appears to continue to be in the fields of
southern England, where more than 100 formations appear each season.
While simplistic at first,
the designs have been growing in complexity until they are getting
downright sensational in their appearance. Sometimes it seems sad to
realize that their existence can only last but a few days until nature
returns to normal or until the crop is harvested.
The UFO theories were set
back in 1991 when Doug Bower and Dave Chorley claimed responsibility for
the crop circles in England. Bower was found to have a group of people
known as the Circlemakers, who designed their mischief before stealing off
in the night to create yet a new and more intricate design.
Supporters of the human
manufacturing theory suggest that many groups like that of Bower and
Chorley must exist all over the world, all doing their covert work in the
dead of night.
On the other side of the
coin, the study of the circles by dedicated UFO-believers, has become a
science in itself. The students have evolved into a thriving cottage
industry of sightings, measurements, speculations and publications. The
serious enthusiasts call themselves cereologists, taking the name of
Ceres, the Roman goddess of agriculture.
The first deformations
appeared as simple, nearly perfect circles of grain flattened in a spiral
pattern. But as the years have passed, the patterns now consist of circles
in groups, circles inside rings or circles with spurs and other
appendages. Retired astronomer Gerald S. Hawkins has noted something
interesting about the designs that could only be appreciated by dedicated
mathematicians. He notes that a number of ingenious and previously unknown
geometric theorems are showing up in what he calls “artwork in the crops.”
Using data from published
ground surveys and aerial photographs, Hawkins measured the dimensions and
calculated the ratios of the diameters and other key features in 18
different patterns that included more than one circle or ring. In 11 of
the patterns, Hawkins found ratios of small whole numbers that precisely
matched the ratios defining the diatonic scale. These ratios produce the
eight notes of an octave in the musical scale corresponding to the white
keys on a piano.
The discovery prompted
Hawkins to look for and find geometric relationships among the circles,
rings and lines of other distinctive patterns.
His first theorem was found
in a triplet of crop circles found in 1988. He noticed he could draw three
straight lines, or tangents, that touched all three circles. By drawing in
the equilateral triangle formed by the circles’ centers and adding a large
circle centered on this triangle, he proved the theorem that reads: “The
radio of the diameter of the triangle’s circumscribed circle to the
diameter of the circles at each corner is 4:3.”
Since that discovery,
Hawkins claims three more geometric theorems, all involving diatonic
ratios arising from the radios of areas of circles among crop-circle
Amazingly, Hawkins could
find none of the theorems in the works of Euclid, the famed Greek geometer
who established the basic techniques and rules for Euclidean geometry. He
also failed to find the crop-circle theorems in any of the mathematics
textbooks and references that he consulted.
Thus Hawkins appears to have
proved that either the artists are amazingly skilled in creative geometry
or that the circles he examined were the creations of beings from out of
this world. In conclusion, all that this writer can say about crop circles
it that they remain a true enigma of our time.
Visit the author's web site
or e-mail him at:
© James Donahue
SOURCE: FarShores.org; The
James Donahue Column; Posted Nov 30.05
CIRCLE - SUDBURY, ONTARIO
December 19, 2005
While only five known crop circle reports
were received by CCCRN this past summer / fall, another "ice circle" was
found on December 9, near Sudbury, Ontario, in snow-covered creek ice.
Approximately 12-18 meters (40-60 feet) diameter, with a 2.5-5 centimeter
(1-2 inch) deep 'V'-shaped groove in the ice defining the circle's
perimeter. There is another possible groove a few inches inside of the
Larger photos here:
The circle is in a bend of
the creek, so it is possible this is a type of ice ring that has formed
from a swirling eddy, as is believed to be the cause of most such
formations (with more diffuse edges), yet the sharp, incised edge is more
difficult to explain, and is similar to the ice circle at Delta, Ontario
in 2000 in this regard.
A strong, unpleasant smell
had also been reported a few weeks previously in the area.
Thanks to David Chevrier,
Brian Vike, Nancy Talbott, Jeff Wilson and Andreas Muller for their
assistance and input. The location is fairly remote and as of yet, CCCRN
Ontario hasn't been able to go to the site yet, but other efforts are
still being made.
SOURCE: Canadian Crop
Circle Research Network
OF THE CROP CIRCLES
Lifting the Lid on Operation Blackbird
A West crop circle expert has lifted the lid
on a previously long-forgotten chapter in the bizarre history of the
West's 1990 crop circle mystery. Colin Andrews revealed to a
coast-to-coast audience in America the goings-on under the cover of a
summer night 15 years ago.
Mr. Andrews, who left his
West home for the U.S. a decade ago, said that far from being an
embarrassing flop, the three-week vigil on the hilltops of Wiltshire was
an astounding and secret success.
Listeners on US radio heard
claims yesterday that the British Army watched and filmed a UFO making a
ground-breaking crop circle near Silbury Hill while the world's media was
camped 20 miles away. Back in 1990, it was the high point of the crop
circle hysteria gripping the world.
Dozens of volunteers, a host
of foreign TV cameras, the world's foremost crop circle experts and the
British Army launched a round-the-clock vigil from the famous white horse
above Bratton, near Westbury, in a bid to spot a crop circle being made.
And within days it appeared
Operation Blackbird had been successful - night vision cameras spotted
something in a field below, and, sure enough, a new crop circle could be
seen as dawn broke. For a few hours, the world reported the crop circle
mystery as solved - but operation leader Colin Andrews soon realized he
had been hoaxed and the figures on night-vision cameras were not aliens
but local mischief-makers.
According to Mr. Andrews,
however, across Wiltshire a more mysterious and sinister event was
happening, which has remained top secret ever since.
He said: "The public knew
but half of what was going on at the time. While the media present at
Operation Blackbird were looking at the right hand, they did not see what
happened with the left.
"The British Army were
looking at a secret site and a very important place nearby."
Strange things did happen at
the Operation Blackbird HQ in Bratton - a strange hum, odd bass noises in
the dead of night, and people seeing flashes of energy in the night sky.
"While, above Bratton, there
was a formation appearing in front of the cameras which was supposed to
convince the world of a hoax, the Army filmed a UFO at the secret site,
and crop circles appeared next to the hill.
"The crop circle story will
not be complete until Operation Blackbird is fully understood and why, and
who, is behind the larger plan" added Mr. Andrews.
Why he has chosen now to
reveal more information now might have something to do with him winding
down his research into the crop circle phenomenon. He recently put his
entire collection of photos, videos, books, sketches and reports up for
sale on eBay.
SOURCE: Conspiracy Journal
Western Daily Press
Also see earlier reference,
"NEW REVELATIONS ON ‘OPERATION BLACKBIRD’? - 16/05/2001"
Did the infamous ‘Operation Blackbird’ surveillance exercise at
Bratton Castle in 1990, supposedly duped by hoaxers, actually video the
creation of a real crop formation? Rumor has long said so – now GEOFF
STRAY has discovered a claimed eye-witness to the events of that night and
reveals new information which suggests that the whole story has not been
SOURCE: Swirled News
OF STRANDED WHALES RESCUED IN NEW ZEALAND
Wed Dec 21, 1:15 AM ET
WELLINGTON (Reuters) - More than 100 pilot
whales stranded on a beach at the top of New Zealand's South Island were
refloated by volunteers on Wednesday and conservation officials in boats
herded the mammals out to sea.
Hundreds of volunteers,
including tourists, refloated the beached whales just before high tide at
around 2 p.m. (2000 EST), about 24 hours after they were stranded. A
handful of the whales tried to swim back and ground themselves again about
three hours later, but rescuers formed a human chain to force them back
into open water.
"This was certainly a lot
easier than this morning's (rescue) because they hadn't completely
grounded, although some of them had to be lifted across the mud," rescuer
Craig Potton told Radio New Zealand. "You grab it by the nose, just like
elephants in Nepal, you manhandle them and push them. You just push like
hell to make it go out, in the final analysis -- you don't muck around,"
In previous strandings,
whales have broken away from a rescued group and led the others back to
About 15 of the estimated
115 long-finned pilot whales died on Puponga Beach, about 93 miles
northwest of the city of Nelson, before volunteers were able to refloat
The whales initially beached
themselves over a wide area on Tuesday but grouped together overnight as
the sea came in. They were washed with water to keep them cool and prevent
their skin from drying out before they were refloated.
New Zealand, which has 41
whale species in its waters, has a high rate of strandings because of its
long coastline and sometimes shallow waters, said Anton van Helden,
collections manager of marine mammals at the New Zealand museum Te Papa.
In January 2003, 159 pilot
whales were stranded on New Zealand's southern Stewart Island. The largest
stranding on record was of 1,000 pilot whales in 1918 on the Chatham
Islands, 500 miles east of the mainland.
Conservation ranger Simon
Walls said it was not known how the latest pod had become stranded, but it
had happened in the area before.
"The shallow shelving beach,
the spit and the configuration of headlands seems to cause navigation
problems for them. These conditions seem to trigger strandings," Walls
told the Nelson Mail newspaper.
PTEROSAURS SURVIVE EXTINCTION?
Dozens of eyewitness accounts and a few
intriguing photographs suggest that this flying monster, thought to have
died with the dinosaurs, might still exist.
They were the largest
creatures to ever attain flight. With wingspans reaching nearly 40 feet,
pterosaurs ruled the prehistoric skies for over 100 million years, until
they died out with the dinosaurs about 65 million years ago.
Or did they?
There have been many modern-day sightings of creatures that by eyewitness
description sound like pterosaurs. There are also intriguing rock carvings
and even photographs that suggest that this species of amazing flying
monsters could have survived extinction, could have soared through the
skies of the southwestern United States until very recently, and might
still exist in small numbers in remote parts of the world.
Pterosaurs were not
dinosaurs, but a family of large flying reptiles ("pterosaur" means
"winged lizard") that includes the pterodactyl and pteranodon. The
pterosaur stood on two rather spindly legs and had wings composed of a
leathery membrane that stretched from the animal's extremely long fourth
finger to its body. Despite their appearance, they were not related to
birds (as dinosaurs are theorized to be), and were highly successful
flyers that might have dined on fish and insects.
Although there seems to be no hard evidence that pterosaurs did not die
out millions of years ago - no pterosaurs have ever been captured and no
bodies have ever been found - sightings have persisted. Stories of flying
reptiles have been recorded for many hundreds of years. Some think that
tales of the "mythical" dragons in the lore of many cultures around the
would could be attributed to the sighting of pterosaurs. Here are some
more modern accounts:
May, 1961, New York
State - A businessman flying his private plane over the Hudson
River Valley claimed that he was "buzzed" by a large flying creature that
he said "looked more like a pterodactyl out of the prehistoric ages."
California - A couple driving through Trinity National Forest
reported seeing the silhouette of a giant "bird" that they estimated to
have a wingspan of 14 feet. They later described it as resembling a
Harlingen, Texas - Jackie Davis (14) and Tracey Lawson (11)
reported seeing a "bird" on the ground that stood five feet tall, was dark
in color with a bald head and a face like a gorilla's with a sharp,
six-inch-long beak. A subsequent investigation by their parents uncovered
tracks that had three toes and were eight inches across.
February, 1976, San
Antonio, Texas - Three elementary school teachers saw what they
described as a pterodactyl swooping low over their cars as they drove.
They said its wingspan was between 15 and 20 feet. One of the teachers
commented that it glided through the air on huge, bony wings - like a
September, 1982, Los
Fresnos, Texas - An ambulance driver named James Thompson was
stopped while driving on Highway 100 by his sighting of a "large birdlike
object" flying low over the area. He described it as black or grayish with
a rough texture, but no feathers. It had a five to six-foot wingspan, a
hump on the back of its head, and almost no neck at all. After consulting
some books to identify the creature, he decided it most looked like a
While other reports of pterosaur-like creatures have come out of Arizona,
Mexico and Crete, it is out of central Africa that some of the most
interesting anecdotes have come. While traveling though Zambia in 1923,
Frank H. Melland collected reports from natives of an aggressive flying
reptile they called kongamoto, which means "overwhelmer of boats." The
natives, who were occasionally tormented by these creatures, described
them as being featherless with smooth skin, having a beak full of teeth
and a wingspan of between four and seven feet. When shown illustrations of
pterosaurs, Melland reported, "every native present immediately and
unhesitatingly picked out and identified it as a kongamato."
In 1925, a native man was
allegedly attacked by a creature that he identified as a pterosaur. This
occurred near a swamp in Rhodesia (now Zambia) where the man suffered a
large wound in his chest that he said was caused by the monster's long
In the late 1980s, noted
cryptozoologist Roy Mackal led an expedition into Namibia from which he
had heard reports of a prehistoric-looking creature with a wingspan of up
to 30 feet.
Out of Stone
If pterosaurs really died out with the dinosaurs and their fossil remains
were not first discovered until 1784 (in Germany), then a depiction of one
could not possibly exist in an ancient rock carving. Yet a pictograph
found high on a cliff face near Thompson, Utah seems to show just that.
While many experts believe the drawing is of a bird, the beak, head
prominence, wings and legs also look very much like those of a pterosaur.
Another fascinating tale of
a pterosaur literally coming out of stone dates back to 1856 in France.
Workmen were digging through Jurassic-era limestone for a railway tunnel
between the St.-Dizier and Nancy lines. When a large bolder of limestone
was split open, the workers were astonished to see a large winged creature
come stumbling out. They said it fluttered its wings, let out a croaking
noise and then dropped dead at their feet. The creature had thick black,
leathery skin, a beak full of sharp teeth, long talons for feet, and
membrane-like wings that spanned 10 feet, 7 inches, by their measure.
The body of the creature was
taken to the nearby town of Gray, according to the story, where it was
identified as a pterodactyl by a student of paleontology. As reported in
the Illustrated London News of February 9, 1856, the rock in which the
creature had apparently been entombed for millions of years, contained a
precise mold of its body.
The April 25, 1890 edition
of the Tombstone Epitaph ran a story of two Arizona ranchers who claimed
to have chased on horseback a flying monster "resembling a huge alligator
with an extremely elongated tail and an immense pair of wings." True to
the spirit of the West, they shot the creature. Taking measurements, they
reported that the monster was 92 feet long with a 160-foot wingspan and a
mouth full of sharp teeth. The story is not taken seriously by many
researchers today, but it corresponds loosely with a story about a
thunderbird that was allegedly shot in the same area in 1886 and dragged
into town to be photographed. Several paranormal researchers claim to
recall seeing that photo, but don't know where, and the photo has not been
seen since. Then in the late 1990s, the photo at top left surfaced on the
Internet, any many wondered if it was related to the long-lost photo in
any way. As it turns out, however, the photo is a hoax, created by Haxan
Productions for their "Freaky Links" television show.
The photo at center left
might also be a hoax. It was sent to Art Bell, the late night radio talk
show host, by someone named Ernest Todd. Details about the origin or
context of the photo were not provided. The photo appears to be taken from
a newspaper, but digital manipulations would make such a forgery quite
Finally, the bottom left
photo was e-mailed to me by a person calling himself George. It resembles
the top photo somewhat and has the added effect of torn edges to give the
photo an old, used look. It, too, may very well be a hoax, perhaps also
from Hexan. George did not provide any details about the photo, where he
found it, or where or when it might have been taken, despite repeated
attempts by me to get the information.
Again, it's relatively
simple in today's digital world to create quite convincing fake
photographs, and such images should be considered with a high degree of
But what of all the
eyewitness accounts of pterosaurs? Are they merely misidentified birds and
bats? Or is it just possible that this ancient species survived into the
20th century, and perhaps still exists? An even more bizarre theory is
that these sightings are artifacts of a slip in time - either a look into
the distant past, or that some of these flying monsters have passed
through some time portal to present day.
Whatever the answer, these
pterosaur sightings present a fascinating glimpse into the unexplained.
Conspiracy Journal #342
Mysterious and enigmatic human
skeletons, skulls, mummies and other remains
From 9-ft. giants to tiny mummies, these
human remains are puzzling
In 2004, scientists were stunned by the
discovery of skeletons of what are thought to be an ancient race of people
that stood about 3½ feet tall – about the height of a modern
three-year-old. Found on the remote island of Indonesia, these pygmies
were named Homo floresiensis and nicknamed “hobbits” because of their
small size (their heads were no bigger than a grapefruit). The scientists
believe this diminutive race died out about 13,000 years ago, although
modern natives reported knowledge of a tiny race of people currently or
recently living in isolated areas of the jungle.
These are not the first or only strange
skeletons unearthed around the world – including the U.S. Whether you
believe humans are the descendents of Adam and Eve, the result of millions
of years of evolution or the genetic creations of the Annunaki, there are
many puzzling specimens of skeletons, skulls and other human (or
human-like) remains that can truly make one wonder about mankind's past.
Here's a bare-bones look at some of the more
Within an ancient burial mound near the
town of Sayre in Bradford County, Pennsylvania, skeletons measuring
approximately 7 feet in length were discovered in the 1800s. But the most
remarkable feature of these tall skeletons was not their height, but the
strange horn-like protrusions above the brow region on their skulls. It
was estimated that they were buried around 1200 AD. According to some
sources, the skeletons were sent to the American Investigating Museum in
Philadelphia, and vanished.
All the Better to Eat You With, My Dear
In 1888, seven skeletons, which had been
placed in a sitting position, were uncovered from a burial mound near
Clearwater, Minnesota. The highly unusual skulls of these beings had
double rows of teeth in both the upper and lower jaws. It was also noted
that the foreheads were low and sloping, compared to "normal" human
skulls, and had distinctly prominent brows.
The December 17, 1891 issue of the
respected journal Nature reported the discovery of a giant man buried 14
feet within the center of one of Ohio’s mysterious burial mounds. The
enormous man’s arms, jaw, arms, chest and stomach were all clad in copper.
Wooden antlers, also covered with copper, rested on either side of his
head. His mouth was filled with large pearls, and a pearl-studded necklace
of bear teeth hung around his neck. Who this man was, or to which race of
people he belonged, is unknown.
The Mica Giant
In 1879, a burial mound in Brewersville,
Indiana yielded another giant skeleton, according to the November, 1975
edition of The Indianapolis News. This one reached 9 feet 8 inches tall!
It wore a necklace of mica stone, and a crude human effigy of clay was
found standing at his feet. The giant skeleton was examined by scientists
from Indiana and New York, and it remained in the possession of Mr.
Robinson, who owned the land on which the mound stood. Unfortunately, the
curious bones were washed away in a flood in 1937.
Researcher Robert Connolly photographed
this strange elongated skull in 1995. It was found in South America and is
estimated to be tens of thousands of years old. Apart from its obvious
abnormalities, it also exhibits characteristics of both Neanderthal and
human skulls – impossible in itself, according to anthropology texts,
since Neanderthals did not exist in South America. Some believe that the
unusual shape of the skulls might be the result of a primitive practice
known as "skull binding" in which a person's head is tightly bound with
cloth or leather straps throughout his lifetime, causing the skull to grow
in this dramatic way. The skull-binding theory is contested, however, for
this and other cone-shaped skulls, and you can read about them in more
detail at Anomalous Skulls.
Near Coshocton, Ohio in 1837, several
fully developed adult skeletons were found buried in tiny wooden coffins.
Why tiny coffins? Because these adult skeletons were only 3 to 4½ feet
tall. No artifacts were found with the remains that might give clues as to
who these small people were, but there were so many of them that
researchers believed they could have been the residents of a small city.
Pedro Mountain Mummy
“Pedro,” as he has been nicknamed, is
one of the most famous enigmatic human remains ever found. He was
discovered by gold prospectors in 1932 when they were dynamiting through
the canyons of the Pedro Mountains, which rise about 60 miles southwest of
Casper, Wyoming. There he was, sitting cross-legged on a ledge with his
hands resting serenely in his lap. He was completely mummified. What’s
astonishing, however, is that this middle-aged-looking man appeared to be
only 14 inches tall! But it might not have been an adult at all. Although
the mummy has been lost, X-rays survive and one modern analysis concluded
that Pedro was actually an infant, or even a fetus, that might have been
afflicted with the disease anencephaly.
In 1911, miners were digging out layers
of guano from a cave located about 22 miles southwest of Lovelock, Nevada
when they happened upon the mummified remains of an individual who must
have stood 6½ feet tall when alive. A tall Native American, perhaps?
Probably not, since the mummy was still crowned with "distinctly red"
hair. Amazingly, the ancient legends of the local Paiute Indians described
a race of red-haired giants – called Si-te-cahs – who were the enemies of
many Indian tribes of the region.
The Starchild Skull
Lloyd Pye, author of Everything You Know
Is Wrong, has taken it upon himself to discover the identity of an unusual
skull he has dubbed "The Starchild Skull." The skull, which was found in a
mine shaft near Chihuahua, Mexico around 1930, is unusually wide at the
back and exhibits larger than normal eye sockets. Although he says the
origin of the skull is uncertain, Pye speculates on whether or not it
could be of alien origin - or at least belonging to a human-alien hybrid.
While some contend that the skull was merely that of a deformed human
child, Pye wanted definitive proof and so, in late 1999, subjected the
skull to DNA testing. The results of the test indicated that the skull was
from a human being, but Pye points out that the lab could not extract
sufficient strands of DNA to make a definitive conclusion, and therefore
the question still remains open.
Robert Connolly has photographed a
similar, more complete skulls. (See photos.) In most respects it appears
to be that of a human, except that it has an extraordinarily large cranium
and eye sockets. The eye sockets are about 15 percent larger than a modern
human's. The age and date of the skull are unknown. Similar skulls appear
in photos by Karen Scheidt of remains found in a Mexican cave. Could they
all be genetic mutations, some unknown species of creature or something
not of this world?
THERE A HORNED RACE OF PEOPLE?
Could this just be another cover-up by
our archeological societies?
Compiled and written by Mary Sutherland 2004
Burlington UFO and Paranormal Center
Elohim, comes from Ellu, meaning “the
Shining Ones.” “Shining Ones” is an ambivalent term used for both the
Nephilim and their first born. The “Shining Ones” are often depicted with
horns on their heads. This was a symbol of wisdom, but also of rulership.
This is why shamans, priests, and kings adopted the convention of wearing
horns also, especially in the form of the crown. This was to primarily
indicate that they were descendants of either the Atlanteans or the
Lemurians and were endowed with power. Michelangelo sculpted Moses with
horns on his head to indicate his blood-bond to the antediluvian kings.
Horns, in Moses' time, were a symbol of
authority and power. Many gods, including YHVH have been depicted as
having them. Kings and holy men were shown sometimes with exaggerated
crowns. Another point of interest: Moses came down from the mountain with
horns at the beginning of the astrological age of the Ram stating, "I am
the ram of God!" coincidence?
HUMAN SKULL ON DISPLAY IN FRENCH
Human skulls with horns were discovered
in a burial mound at Sayre, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, in the 1880's.
Horny projections extended two inches above the eye-brows, and the
skeletons were seven feet tall, but other than that were anatomically
normal. It was estimated that the bodies had been buried around A.D. 1200.
The find was made by a reputable group of antiquarians, including the
Pennsylvania state historian and dignitary of the Presbyterian Church (Dr.
G.P. Donehoo) and two professors, A.B. Skinner, of the American
Investigating Museum, and W.K.Morehead, of Phillips Academy, Andover,
Massachusetts. The bones were sent to the American Investigating Museum in
Philadelphia, where they were later claimed to have been stolen and have
never been seen again Pursuit, 6:69-70, July 1973 Mysteries of the
Unexplained, p. 39 1992
Giant, horned human skeletons
unearthed just south of Elmira and Wellsville, NY
[IRAAP note: no reference given]
A 30 + year old male skeleton was
unearthed in a mining area of the El Paso area. Skull had two small horns
protruding from the forehead area. Witness of this was Texas Ranger
investigating another murder case. [IRAAP note:
no reference given]
Michaelangelo Buonarotti's Moses
at the tomb of Julius II. Circa 1513. Note the horns on Moses' head.
At one time the horns were
purported to be signs of kingship. Alexander the Great was also depicted
with horns on some of his coins. Here we find a possible gene throw back.
Picture of 80 year old woman that had horn surgically removed.
If it is a gene throwback to alien descent,
the only alien I could find that carries the horn is the Varginha EBE. In
1996 a UFO was believed to have crashed in Varginha, Brazil. There were
many witnesses, including 3 young girls walking home from work. They seen
the entities, describing them as between 4 to 5 feet in height, making
strange buzzing sound, similar to the sound of bees. They had 3 rounded
protuberances on top of their heads, like that of horns. Oily brownish
skin, big red eyes and a strong smell like that of ammonia. I think that
is more aliens out there that do carry the horns and it could be that this
particular EBE also inherited the gene from another alien race. I will
continue researching the possibilities.
- - - - - -
INDIA NEWS: 'HORN' GROWS ON MAN'S HEAD
Shimla, Dec 22, 2003
(IANS): A villager in
Himachal Pradesh is attracting a lot of curiosity for the "horn" growing
at the back of his head.
"The horn-like growth is about three and a
half inches long and started growing at the back of my head some six
months ago," says Lekh Ram, 65, of Nalagarh village, some 100 km from
A newspaper even
carried a picture of the man with the grey colored "horn" jutting out from
his head. Medical records say it is a very rare phenomenon. The news has
started attracting curious villagers from neighboring villages.
Uncomfortable at the attention, Ram ties a turban to hide the growth.
"Initially it was soft but it is now
beginning to get harder," Balkrishan Sharma, a local reporter, told IANS.
It isn't clear whether Ram has shown himself to a doctor, but he appears
to be healthy otherwise. A bachelor and a celibate, Ram has served in
temples all his life. He claims to have had several mystical experiences.
More Skulls & Evidence
of A Super Race Cover Up
Race of Giants and a Super Race Cover
GREENLAND GLACIERS RETREATING
By ALICIA CHANG, AP Science Writer Dec.
FRANCISCO - Two of Greenland's largest glaciers are retreating at an
alarming pace, most likely because of climate warming, scientists said
Wednesday. One of the glaciers, Kangerdlugssuaq, is currently moving about
9 miles a year compared to 3 miles a year in 2001, said Gordon Hamilton of
the University of Maine's Climate Change Institute. The other glacier,
Helheim, is retreating at about 7 miles a year - up from 4 miles a year
during the same period.
"It's quite a staggering
rate of increase," Hamilton said at the American Geophysical Union annual
Glaciers play a major role
in discharging water into oceans. Sea levels have swelled globally an
estimated 4 inches to 8 inches during the past century due to melting
glaciers and polar ice - enough to cause some places to be awash at high
tide or during severe storms. Melting of Greenland ice and calving of
icebergs from glaciers is responsible for about 7 percent of the annual
rise in global sea level. Global warming is frequently blamed for
retreating glaciers around the world. The rapid retreat of Greenland
glaciers suggest that climate change is a factor, Hamilton said.
Meanwhile, one of the
fastest melting glaciers in North America has reached the halfway point of
disintegration and will continue retreat for another two decades. Alaska's
Columbia Glacier - about the size of Los Angeles - has shrunk 9 miles
since the 1980s. It is expected to lose an additional 9 miles in the next
15 to 20 years before the bed of the glacier rises above sea level. The
glacier, which moves about 80 feet a day, currently releases about 2 cubic
miles of ice every year into the Prince William Sound on the south coast
Understanding what happens
during Alaskan glacier retreat could help explain the phenomenon in
Greenland, said Tad Pfeffer, associate director of the University of
Colorado's Institute of Arctic and Alpine.
Pfeffer said climate change
warming trends do not directly explain the shrinking Columbia Glacier and
other tidewater glaciers. Instead, scientists think the retreat is
triggered by a slow warming trend that began five centuries ago.
Significant thinning of the
Columbia Glacier is thought to be caused by huge chunks of iceberg that
break off into the sound as a result of seawater pressure rather than
climate change, Pfeffer said. The glacier, which is up to 3,000 feet
thick, has thinned up to 1,300 feet in some places in the last two
SURF POUNDS SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA COAST
By Marty Graham
Thu Dec 22, 6:52 PM ET
SAN DIEGO (Reuters) - Some of the biggest
surf since the El Nino winter of 1997 pounded the Southern California
coast this week, damaging piers, forcing beach closures and overwhelming
even the most experienced surfers.
Driven by a Pacific storm
near Hawaii, sets of waves up to 20 feet tall on Wednesday swept San
Diego-area beaches, where lifeguards on jet skis pulled more than 100
struggling surfers out of danger on the first day of winter.
"There's a lot of machismo
in play, young guys saying I'll be the one to conquer this surf," said Ed
Vodrazka, a lifeguard with the California State Parks authority. "We've
had 12 guys go out and picked up three broken boards afterwards."
Altogether, about a dozen
piers in San Diego, Orange and Los Angeles counties were closed as a
precaution. From Point Mugu at the northern border of Los Angeles County
south to Mexico, authorities warned all but the most skilled surfers to
stay on shore.
At Blacks Beach, a
world-famous surf break north of San Diego, lifeguard Erik Jones stood in
front of garbage cans filled with dozens of broken surf boards.
"We've had more than a dozen
rescues already," he said at mid-afternoon. "If you get caught inside the
impact zone with no fins and no board, we're probably going to have to get
The heavy surf was expected
to last until midday Friday, but such swells are fickle and rare.
Lifeguard Eric Meech, manning the binoculars at Blacks, said he plans to
use his Thursday off to get into the surf. "It's beautiful, the speed and
power and force," Meech said.
This week's surf was some of
the heaviest to lash Southern California since the winter of 1997, when El
Nino ocean currents unleashed heavy rains and monster waves that caused
extensive damage to some coastal areas.
DIES AFTER HUGE WAVES HIT CALIFORNIA
December 23 2005 at 03:39PM
Carlsbad, California - A
surfer was found dead in waters off California, where storms in the
Pacific have generated large swells, authorities said. Fellow surfers
found him found unconscious Thursday about 137m off Carlsbad State Beach,
said Richard Dennison of California State Parks.
Lifeguards tried to
resuscitate the surfer but he was pronounced dead on the beach. He was not
immediately identified but was described as being in his mid-30s.
Surf was about 2m to 2,5m at
the time, although the surfer was found beyond the waves. Investigators
were considering the possibility he had an underlying medical condition.
Thursday's waves were
substantially smaller than the 3m to 4m swells that battered the coast a
day earlier. Those destroyed a concrete building on the Venice Beach pier
and prompted the closure of several other piers.
Mild temperatures on
Thursday made it difficult to persuade people to stay out of the water,
said Chief Garth Canning of the Los Angeles County Fire Department's
lifeguard division. - Sapa-AP
WILL REVEAL SECRETS OF CLOUDS AND AEROSOLS
[IRAAP Note: This article was
released in September of this year. To date, the cloudsat web page is
still being developed. For those interested in revelations about
Chemtrails ... don't expect too much ...]
Two NASA satellites will
give us a unique view of Earth's atmosphere. CloudSat and Cloud-Aerosol
Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (Calipso) are
undergoing final preparations for launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base,
Image right: Artist's
concept of CloudSat and Calipso orbiting Earth. Image credit: NASA
+ Mission multimedia
+ Browse version of image
+ Launch press kit (1 MB - PDF)
CloudSat and Calipso will
provide a new, 3-D perspective on Earth's clouds and airborne particles
called aerosols. The satellites will answer questions about how clouds and
aerosols form, evolve and affect water supply, climate, weather and air
CloudSat and Calipso employ
revolutionary tools that will probe Earth's atmosphere. Each spacecraft
carries an "active" instrument that transmits pulses of energy and
measures the portion of the pulses scattered back to the instrument.
radar is more than 1,000 times more sensitive than typical weather radar.
It can detect clouds and distinguish between cloud particles and
precipitation. "The new information from CloudSat will answer basic
questions about how rain and snow are produced by clouds, how rain and
snow are distributed worldwide and how clouds affect the Earth's climate,"
said Dr. Graeme Stephens, CloudSat principal investigator at Colorado
State University, Fort Collins, Colo.
Calipso's polarization lidar
instrument can detect aerosol particles and can distinguish between
aerosol and cloud particles. "With the high resolution observation that
Calipso will provide, we will get a better understanding of aerosol
transport and how our climate system works," said Dr. David Winker,
Calipso principal investigator at NASA's Langley Research Center, Hampton,
The satellites will be
launched into a 705-kilometer (438-mile) circular, sun-synchronous polar
orbit, where they will fly in formation just 15 seconds apart as members
of NASA's "A-Train" constellation with three other Earth Observing System
satellites. The A-Train includes NASA's Aqua and Aura satellites and
France's Polarization and Anisotropy of Reflectances for Atmospheric
Sciences coupled with observations from a Lidar satellite.
The usefulness of data from
CloudSat, Calipso and the other A-Train satellites will be much greater
when combined. The combined set of measurements will provide new insight
into the global distribution and evolution of clouds that will lead to
improvements in weather forecasting and climate prediction.
CloudSat is managed by
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The radar instrument
was developed at JPL, with hardware contributions from the Canadian Space
Agency. Colorado State University provides scientific leadership and
science data processing and distribution.
Other contributions include
resources from the U.S. Air Force and the U.S. Department of Energy. Ball
Aerospace and Technologies Corp. designed and built the spacecraft. A host
of U.S. and international universities and research centers provides
support to the science team. Some of these activities are contributed as
partnerships with the project.
Calipso was developed
through collaboration between NASA and the French Space Agency, Centre
National d'Etudes Spatiales. NASA's Langley Research Center leads the
Calipso mission and provides science team leadership, systems engineering,
payload mission operations, and validation, processing and archiving of
data. Langley also developed the lidar instrument in collaboration with
the Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp., which developed the onboard
NASA's Goddard Space Flight
Center, Greenbelt, Md., provides project management, system engineering
support and overall program management. Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales
provides a Proteus spacecraft developed by Alcatel, the imaging infrared
radiometer, payload-to-spacecraft integration and spacecraft mission
operations. The Institut Pierre Simon Laplace in Paris provides the
imaging infrared radiometer science oversight, data validation and
archival. Hampton University provides scientific contributions and manages
the outreach program.
For more information on
CloudSat and Calipso on the Internet, please visit
JPL is managed for NASA by
the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.
Alan Buis (818) 354-0474 (CloudSat) Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena,
Erica Hupp/Dolores Beasley (202) 358-1237/1753 NASA Headquarters,
Chris Rink (757) 864-6786 (Calipso) Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va.
WARMING: THE BIG THAW
Global disaster will follow if the ice cap
on Greenland melts. Now scientists say it is vanishing far faster than
even they expected.
Greenland’s glaciers have
begun to race towards the ocean, leading scientists to predict that the
vast island’s ice cap is approaching irreversible meltdown.
Research to be published in
a few days’ time shows how glaciers that have been stable for centuries
have started to shrink dramatically as temperatures in the Arctic have
soared with global warming. On top of this, record amounts of the ice
cap’s surface turned to water this summer. The two developments – the most
alarming manifestations of climate change to date – suggest that the ice
cap is melting far more rapidly than scientists had thought, with immense
consequences for civilization and the planet. Its complete disappearance
would raise the levels of the world’s seas by 20 feet, spelling inundation
for London and other coastal cities around the globe, along with much of
low-lying countries such as Bangladesh.
More immediately, the vast
amount of fresh water discharged into the ocean as the ice melts threatens
to shut down the Gulf Stream, which protects Britain and the rest of
northern Europe from a freezing climate like that of Labrador.
The revelations, which
follow the announcement that the melting of sea ice in the Arctic also
reached record levels this summer, come as the world’s governments are
about to embark on new negotiations about how to combat global warming.
This week they will meet in
Montreal for the first formal talks on whether there should be a new
international treaty on cutting the pollution that causes climate change
after the Kyoto protocol expires in seven years’ time. Writing in The
Independent yesterday, Tony Blair called the meeting “crucial”, adding
that it “must start to shape an inclusive global solution”. But little
progress is expected, largely because of continued obstruction from
President George Bush.
The new evidence from
Greenland, to be published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters,
shows a sudden decline in the giant Helheim glacier, a river of ice that
grinds down from the inland ice cap to the sea through a narrow rift in
the mountain range on the island’s east coast.
Professor Slawek Tulaczyk,
of the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of California, Santa
Cruz, told the IoS that the glacier had dropped 100 feet this summer.
Over the past four years,
the research adds, the front of the glacier – which has remained in the
same place since records began – has retreated four and a half miles. As
it has retreated and thinned, the effects have spread inland “very fast
indeed”, says Professor Tulaczyk. As the centre of the Greenland ice cap
is only 150 miles away, the researchers fear that it, too, will soon be
The research echoes
disturbing studies on the opposite side of Greenland: the giant Jakobshavn
glacier – at four miles wide and 1,000 feet thick the biggest on the
landmass – is now moving towards the sea at a rate of 113 feet a year; the
normal annual speed of a glacier is just one foot.
The studies have found that
water from melted ice on the surface is percolating down through holes on
the glacier until it forms a layer between it and the rock below, slightly
lifting it and moving it toward the sea as if on a conveyor belt. This one
glacier alone is reckoned now to be responsible for 3 per cent of the
annual rise of sea levels worldwide.
“We may be very close to the
threshold where the Greenland ice cap will melt irreversibly,” says Tavi
Murray, professor of glaciology at the University of Wales. Professor
Tulaczyk adds: “The observations that we are seeing now point in that
Until now, scientists
believed the ice cap would take 1,000 years to melt entirely, but Ian
Howat, who is working with Professor Tulaczyk, says the new developments
could “easily” cut this time “in half”.
There is also a more
immediate danger as the melting ice threatens to disrupt the Gulf Stream,
responsible for Britain’s mild climate. The current, which brings us as
much heat in winter as we get from the sun, is driven by very salty water
sinking off Greenland. This drives a deep current of cold ocean
southwards, in turn forcing the warm water north.
Research at the Woods Hole
Oceanographic Institute in Massachusetts has shown, that even before the
glaciers started accelerating, the water in the North Atlantic was getting
fresher in what it describes as “the largest and most dramatic oceanic
change ever measured in the era of modern instruments”.
Even before these
discoveries, scientists had shortened to evens the odds on the Gulf Stream
failing this century. When it failed before, 12,700 years ago, Britain was
covered in permafrost for 1,300 years.
SOURCE: The Independent
Conspiracy Journal #342
NORTH MAGNETIC POLE COULD SHIFT TO SIBERIA IN 50 YEARS
Earth's north magnetic pole is drifting from
North America at such a clip that it could end up in Siberia in the next
50 years, scientists said Thursday.
Despite accelerated movement
over the past century, the possibility that Earth's fading magnetic field
will collapse or that the magnetic poles will flip is remote. But the
shift could mean that Alaska may no longer be able to see the
high-altitude shimmering displays of colorful lights known as auroras.
Scientists have long known that magnetic poles migrate and in rare cases,
swap places. But exactly why this happens is a mystery.
"This may be part of a
normal oscillation and it will eventually migrate back toward Canada,"
said Joseph Stoner, a paleomagnetist at Oregon State University.
Results were presented
Thursday at an American Geophysical Union meeting. Previous studies have
shown that the strength of the Earth's protective magnetic shield has
decreased 10 percent over the past 150 years. During the same period, the
north magnetic pole wandered about 685 miles out into the Arctic,
according to a new analysis by Stoner.
The rate of the magnetic
pole's movement has increased in the last century compared to fairly
steady movement in the previous four centuries, the Oregon researchers
At the present rate, the north magnetic pole could swing out of northern
Canada into Siberia. If that happens, Alaska could lose its Northern
Lights, which occur when charged particles streaming away from the sun
interact with different gases in Earth's atmosphere.
Earth's magnetic poles are
different from its geographic poles, which indicate the rotation axis
around which it spins. The invisible magnetic field is formed by liquid,
molten iron spinning in the Earth's core. The north magnetic pole was
first discovered in 1831 and when it was revisited in 1904, explorers
found that the pole had moved 31 miles since it was first found.
Pole reversals are uncommon,
happening at intervals of several hundred thousands years. The last time
the poles flip-flopped was about 780,000 years ago. In the study, Stoner
examined the sediment record from several Arctic lakes.
Since the sediments record
the Earth's magnetic field at the time, scientists used carbon dating to
track changes in the magnetic field. They found that the north magnetic
field shifted significantly in the last thousand years. It generally
migrated between northern Canada and Siberia, but it sometimes moved in
other directions, too.
SOURCE: SF Gate
MAGNETIC FIELD MOVING FAST
Are we in the midst of a
pole shift? Scientists are divided about this, but earth's magnetic field
has begun shifting much more rapidly than expected. Earth's magnetic pole
flips approximately every 500,000 years, and it has not shifted for
780,000 years, meaning that it's overdue. Unknowncountry.com has
previously reported the opinion of some scientists that a new pole shift
is now underway.
The American Geophysical
Union has announced that Earth's north magnetic pole is rapidly drifting
away from North America towards Siberia. This may cause Alaska to lose its
Northern Lights. During a pole flip, the magnetic field around the Earth,
which shields us from dangerous solar radiation, weakens and may even
cease to exist, which would cause major disruptions to communications, and
should there be solar flares during this time, possible serious
consequences in the form of massive power blackouts, unknown weather
phenomena and lethal radiation reaching earth's surface.
Pole shifts are not
associated with mass extinctions, however, so this is not a likely
consequence of such an event. The human world, however, with all its
electrical and electronic devices, would be vulnerable to solar activity
in ways that ancient life was not.
The magnetic poles are
generated by liquid iron in Earth's core and are different from the
geographic poles. From studies of rock, geologists know that the magnetic
poles have often migrated and even flipped in the past, but why this
happens is still unknown.
ERUPTION OF GAS GEYSERS IN OKLAHOMA
The Enid News and Eagle December 13,
By Cass Rains, Staff Writer
KINGFISHER -- Mysterious unrefined natural
gas leaks erupting in rural Kingfisher County in recent days continue to
have officials puzzled as to their cause.
"We originally thought a
pipeline had exploded," said Matt Skinner, Oklahoma Corporation Commission
public information manager. "We had the pressure to zero pressure, and the
leaks seemed to get bigger. So that's not it."
Skinner had said at a press
conference Monday geologists and hydrologists are beginning to study
underground maps of the area to find an explanation.
"We've ruled out the
probables, and now we're into the unprobables," he said. "We've never seen
one like this before, one that covers such a large area. It's another
Skinner said the leak was
unusual because of its size and that it was "moving with no explanation."
Officials said the U.S. Geologic Survey reported no seismic activity had
been reported in the area. "They said the area had been dead for some
time," Skinner said.
Skinner said the leaks and
geysers were occurring closest to Winter Camp Creek, formerly Dead Indian
Creek. Sunday evening, one eruption was reported in Kingfisher Creek, "up
to within a mile" west of the city of Kingfisher, Skinner said, but that
leak had ceased. Winter Camp Creek flows into Kingfisher Creek, which
could explain why an eruption would occur near the city, he said.
Kingfisher Fire Chief Jack
Crawford said the leaks, which cover a stretch of 12 to 13 miles between
Kingfisher and Okarche "had not progressed toward Kingfisher" since Sunday
afternoon. "The bulk of the action is in the creek -- in terms of the
visual," Skinner said. "It's one long continuous leak."
Skinner said the leaks have
been in areas close to the creek between the cities. "They seem to be
staying near the creek," he said. "It runs over the length."
The Oklahoma Highway Patrol
used a plane to survey the area where the geysers were occurring, Crawford
said, but discovered nothing unusual. "They saw nothing," he said. "There
was nothing out of the ordinary."
Skinner said reports of the
geysers were first received Friday by hunters who reported the gushing
holes of gas, water and mud to the local game warden, who then contacted
the Corporation Commission.
Voluntary evacuation has
been established by Kingfisher Emergency Management, and the Red Cross has
opened a comfort station at First Baptist Church on 13th Street.
"If people don't feel safe
at their homes, we have a place for them to go," said Kingfisher Emergency
Management Director Steve Loftis. As of Monday afternoon, no one had used
the provided comfort station.
By Monday, smaller geysers
had appeared about eight and a half miles west and a mile north of Okarche
on a county road. For about 50 yards, small geysers pocked the north side
of the dirt road, bubbling and spitting gas and mud. Sounding like a pot
of boiling water, other geysers on the south side of the road, for a
stretch of about 20 yards, did the same.
Some of the geysers shot
only inches into the air, but others shot water into the air as much as
two feet. The areas where the geysers have occurred have been cordoned
off, and Crawford advised people to stay away.
"You don't know if it's
coming up from 10 feet or 140 feet below ground," he said. "It's very
Officials have said the
threat of the gas igniting is unlikely. Loftis said ignition would only be
possible if there was direct contact with an open flame, as in a grassfire
or use of a propane torch.
"It would be flammable if
only you were right at the source," Loftis said.
The area about seven miles
southwest of Kingfisher where the leak was first found still spews cold
water mixed with mud. The size of the hole has remained the same since
Saturday afternoon, but signs of water from the geyser reaching further
out are evident. A radius of about 8 feet from the geyser shows signs of
wetness, and a smaller geyser only feet from the big one, gurgles with as
much force as before. About a mile east of a geyser that took a portion of
a county road, a water spout reaching heights of about 10 feet keeps a
constant spray, this time in a wheat field.
"Welcome to Yellowstone,"
joked a passerby Monday. Many people had been driving to the areas where
the geysers are to see what people were talking about.
The U.S. Army National Guard
Civil Support Team from Norman had been sent to Kingfisher, but was sent
back when the need for evacuation was eliminated. However, officials said
the group was on stand-by if the need arose.
No one in Kingfisher County
has left their homes because of the geysers, Loftis said. Authorities have
asked those who smell the gas near their homes to voluntarily evacuate.
Although county officials
are telling residents to check well sites for gas, which smells like
modeling glue or rubber cement, Kingfisher's water supply is safe.
"The city gets its water
from Cimarron Terrace," Loftis said at a press conference near one of the
geysers. "There is little chance it could affect our drinking water."
SOURCE AND IMAGES:
NASA ISN'T TELLING YOU ABOUT MARS
"The book with the same
title is a brand new look at what Mars really must be like, and reveals
numerous important ancient Mars artifacts that NASA knows about and has
been hiding all along. We've all listened for years since we were
children, to the endless stories about what the environment on Mars is and
how no life could have ever lived on the planet. So let's get right to the
point. It's past time to look at the overall picture of what we have been
told, using the sanitizing light of common sense. We will use NASA data to
start connecting the dots. Let's look at some of these common statements
made about the planet..."
"The e-Book "What NASA Isn't
Telling You About Mars" covers unusual discoveries on Mars, from Martian
day 1 through 625. A Mars day is 39 minutes longer than one earth day.
NASA has given Martian days the prefix 'SOL.' Since two months have passed
since Martian day 625, I felt it was time to re-examine the Spirit rover's
images for new discoveries. In this photo essay, I'll present new objects
which have been recently found and evidence of image tampering."
http://www.data4science.net/book for book excerpts, pictures,
and how to purchase the book.
Contact the author: Ted Twietmeyer,
RUINS FOUND ON MARS
PALENQUE – Deep in the Mexican jungle is a
61 meter tall Mayan Pyramid in ruins in that is very similar to ruins
found on Mars by Norman Bryden. It was painted a deep red perhaps to
symbolize the Red Planet. At the top of the pyramid is the Temple of
Inscriptions that takes its name from hieroglyphic plaques decorating the
inside showing king like figures wearing headdresses standing on monster
Mars Photo thanks to NASA/JPL]
It was built during the second half of the
7th century A.D. during the last decades of Pakal the Great's reign. The
upper temple is a wide structure with a stairway which led 65 feet down to
a triangular slab. Here is a spacious crypt or tomb of the great King
Pacal, who ruled Palenque from 615 to 683. He reigned for 67 years.
Pacal's remains lay beneath
the 20 foot high roof of a vaulted secret chamber. His corpse was wearing
a jade face mask and numerous bracelets that he was buried with 1300 years
ago. The pyramid is worthy of comparison with those erected in both Egypt
and perhaps on Mars.
The crypt was covered by a monolithic slab engraved with a depiction of
what appears to be a rocket or perhaps a telescope. Archeologists claim
the sarcophagus lid shows Pakal at the moment of his death descending into
Above him we see the World
Tree, the middle of the Universe, upon which rests the Celestial Bird,
representing the heavens. His son Chan-Bahlamis is depicted with six toes
next to the Temple of the Sun and near Temple of the Moon. The Mayans had
an amazing knowledge of the skies and the lid appears to show the King's
interest in astronomy.
If the ruins on Mars are similar to Mayan
ruins, we have another reason to believe their was an apparent interaction
between the two planets. It also should be noted that Mayan Kings and
Pharaohs of Egypt wore crowns similar to those found on Mars.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #50 - December 7, 2005
PYRAMIDS ON MARS
There are artificial
pyramids on Mars similar but generally much larger and older than those on
Earth. Even if you assume a much older age for the estimated 4500 year old
Great Pyramid at Cheops, Egypt based on astronomical alignment with Orion,
it could be an estimated 10,000 years old. There appears to be a
connection between the pyramids on Earth and on Mars. These similarities
could be coincidences but it is more likely visitors from Mars came to
Earth and taught the art of pyramid building.
The pyramids on both Mars and Earth have
unifying mathematical themes. They contain values of pi, phi, e, and t
values. For example, pi value is incorporated into the base-to- height
ratio of the Great Pyramid (1,760 to 280 cubits = 2 pi). Its slope angle
of 51 degrees 51 minutes 40 second. The cosine of the angle is 0.6179, or
equals the golden phi ratio of 1:1.618.
It is more than a coincidence that the
pyramids are viewed by both ancient Egyptians and Mexicans as gateways to
the stars. In both places the ancient peoples had an extraordinary
interest in the planet Mars. Both the Great Pyramid and the Mexican
pyramid at Palenque were painted in part red and aligned with the rising
that the pyramids on Mars are just mountains, with the pyramidal shape
created by wind erosion. Prevailing winds are not likely to have shifted
periodically with perfect symmetry. NASA also unsuccessfully attempted to
produce the pyramid shape in a wind tunnel. They found an airflow can cut
a flat surface, but the reversed airflow and associated surface-level
turbulence would prevent formation of a perfect pyramid proving that the
pyramids on Mars are not natural formations. In addition, most of the
pyramids are perfectly aligned with the cardinal directions.
Norman Bryden writes, "Take a look at this
image of this step pyramid like object on Mars that looks like it was
intelligently constructed." You need to enlarge the original best quality
image from the links below 4-500% and then break it into sections to get
the best resolution. The full image has many structures and areas of
interest. I looked at the specification page and the full image is about 3
kilometers across from side to side. That would make the first section
below somewhere around three quarters of a mile across.
This NASA/JPL image is enlarged and
The light markings are three dimensional
objects that look like tubes and travel ways. They go up and over and down
and under each other. There are bridges and tunnels as well. Some
structures straddle the road-like tubes. I have been enlarging sections
and there are what look like mounds with tunnels and ramps that look like
aesthetically pleasing landscaping. The markings are not random and you
can follow the tubes across the full image. I have adjusted the brightness
and contrast a bit to help see the structures. In this enlarged section
below I have outlined the steps of the pyramid structure in the center of
the image. There is a fantastic network of travel ways and structures that
can be seen better when the full image is enlarged.
Link to Specification
Page: 1.72°W 71.70°S image centers, Scaled pixel width: 2.91 meters
Below is the Step Pyramid
built by Djoser 46 centuries ago that appears similar to one on Mars.
Editor's Note: The National Geographic book
Ancient Egypt makes some interesting statements on Pyramids: Building for
Eternity by I.E.S. Edwards. "The ancient Greeks numbered them among the
Seven-wonders of the World. Early Christians tradition identified them as
Joseph's granaries, built according to the book of Genesis, in preparation
for the seven years of famine. Arab historians linked them with the
Biblical flood suggesting that the written wisdom of mankind, found refuge
in the imperishable pyramids of Egypt."
"Some say that such colossal structures
could not have been built with the simple tools of ancient Egypt; the
builders must have levitated the huge stones into place by magic, or
watched in awe as visitors from outer space lent skills that our
scientists have yet to discover. But to Egyptologists there are not
mysteries about these great structures, only questions we can not answer"
King Amunemhet (12th Dynasty Ruler of Egypt)
"He sees the Lord of the Horizon sailing in his boat over the sky."
The Eye of God for its capstone, a 13 course
pyramid defies the ages on the Great Seal of the United States—whose
citizens may not notice the pyramid in their pockets on every dollar bill.
The Hieroglyphic inscription on the right below the protecting wing tips
of Hours on the pyramid capstone King Amunemhet says "May he be given
to National Geographic and Norman Bryden.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #51 - December 14,
OF LARGE KUIPER BELT OBJECT WITH UNUSUAL ORBIT
Announced 2005 December 13
A team of astronomers working in Canada,
France and the United States have discovered an unusual small body
orbiting the Sun beyond Neptune, in the region astronomers call the Kuiper
belt. This new object is twice as far from the Sun as Neptune and is
roughly half the size of Pluto. The body's highly unusual orbit is
difficult to explain using previous theories of the formation of the outer
Currently 58 astronomical
units from the Sun (1 astronomical unit, or AU, is the distance between
the Earth and the Sun), the new object never approaches closer than 50 AU,
because its orbit is close to circular. Almost all Kuiper belt objects
discovered beyond Neptune are between 30 AU and 50 AU away. Beyond 50 AU,
the main Kuiper belt appears to end, and what few objects have been
discovered beyond this distance have all been on very high eccentricity
(non-circular) orbits. Most of these high-eccentricity orbits are the
result of Neptune "flinging" the object outward by a gravitational
slingshot. However, because this new object does not approach closer than
50 AU, a different theory is needed to explain its orbit. Complicating the
problem, the object's orbit also has an extreme tilt, being inclined
(tilted) at 47 degrees to the rest of the Solar System.
The new object's orbit compared to the orbits of several
representative Kuiper belt objects. Buffy's orbit is shown in red, with a
green square marking its current position. The blue triangles mark the
positions of the other Kuiper belt objects whose orbits are shown.
--A view of Buffy's and other Kuiper belt object orbits, each in the plane
of their own orbit, to show the separation between Buffy and other Kuiper
belt objects. At the center of the plot, the small circle at center shows
Earth's orbit for scale.
--An edge-on-view of the solar system to show the tilt of Buffy's
You can also see a 3D
[11MB MPEG] of Buffy's orbit, copyright http://dunnbypaul.net/.
The Discovery and Follow-up
The object, which received the official
designation 2004 XR 190 in the International Astronomical Union's official
announcement, was discovered during routine operation of the Canada-France
Ecliptic Plane Survey (CFEPS) running as part of the Legacy Survey on the
Canada France Hawaii Telescope. For now, the discoverers are using the
temporary nickname "Buffy" to identify the new object, although they have
proposed a different official name in keeping with normal procedures for
naming such objects.
Buffy was extracted from the
mountain of Legacy Survey data (about 50 gigabytes per hour of operation)
by powerful computers combing through the telescopic images and producing
hundreds of candidates. Astronomers then sift through the candidates to
identify the distant comets.
Astronomer Lynne Allen of
the University of British Columbia was the first to lay eyes on the new
object, as she completed the initial identification in the course of
processing CFEPS data from December 2004. "It was quite bright compared to
the usual Kuiper belt objects we find", said Dr. Allen, "but what was more
interesting was how far away it was."
The object's brightness
implies it is likely between 500 and 1000 kilometers (300 to 600 miles) in
diameter. Buffy is thus a very large Kuiper belt object, but about half a
dozen are larger.
"We immediately realized
that the object was about twice as far as Neptune from the Sun and that
its orbit was potentially nearly circular," said UBC professor Brett
Gladman, who noticed the unusual nature of the object when determining its
orbit, "but further observations were required."
One to two years of
observations of a Kuiper belt object are required before their orbits can
be precisely measured. The first additional observations of Buffy came in
October 2005 when Gladman and Phil Nicholson of Cornell University used
the Hale 5-meter telescope to re-observe the object.
Measurement of Buffy's new
position proved that the orbit was not only extremely tilted, inclined
(tilted) at 47 degrees to the plane of the planetary system (essentially
tying the record for a Kuiper belt object) but confirmed that Buffy was
unlike any other previously-known object because it was on a nearly
circular orbit while at a very large distance.
More measurements of Buffy's
position on images from telescopes at Kitt Peak National Observatories in
Arizona by team members Joel Parker (Southwest Research Institute), as
well as JJ Kavelaars (National Research Council of Canada, Herzberg
Institute of Astrophysics) and Wes Fraser (University of Victoria),
through November 2005 refined the estimate for Buffy's closest approach to
the Sun. Additional observations, to further confirm the orbit, where then
provided by the CFHT Legacy Survey project. Astronomers will need to wait
until February 2006 to measure the fine details of the Buffy's orbit.
The team have reported their
find to the Minor Planet Center, the clearinghouse for astronomical
measurements of new minor planets. "To find the first known object with a
nearly circular orbit beyond 50 AU is indeed intriguing," reacted Brian
Marsden, director of the MPC.
Although it is neither the smallest,
largest, nor most distant object discovered in this region, the new Kuiper
belt object has a highly unusual orbit which challenges theories of the
evolution of the Solar System.
Why is Buffy's orbit
considered so unusual? Only one other detected object, Sedna, remains
further than 50 astronomical units (AUs) from the Sun throughout its
entire orbit. However, Sedna is on a very elliptical orbit, swooping in to
76 AU before traveling back out beyond 900 AU. In contrast, Buffy spends
all of its time in the narrow range between 52 and 62 AU from the Sun.
Combined with the tilt in its orbit, this new object challenges current
theories about the history of the early Solar System.
Astronomers have detected
other Kuiper belt objects that spend most of their time beyond 50 AU.
These are on very elliptical orbits, and almost all approach within 38 AU
of the Sun. That close approach places those objects within the reach of
the gravitational influence of Neptune. These objects are generally
thought to have been scattered out to their present orbits by a
gravitational slingshot with Neptune. This group of objects was thus
called the "Scattered Disk".
Prior to the discovery of
Buffy, a few other Kuiper belt objects were discovered which spend much of
their time beyond 50 AU like those in the "Scattered Disk", yet did not
approach within the gravitational reach of Neptune. This group has been
named the "Extended Scattered Disk". Two of its members are 1995 TL8 and
2000 YW134, which approach to 40 AU of the Sun but have fairly elliptical
orbits that take them back out beyond 60 AU. Two more extreme examples of
the "Extended Scattered Disk" are 2000 CR105, which approaches to 44 AU,
and Sedna, which never comes closer to the Sun than 76 AU.
Due to their large
eccentricities, these objects are likely to have been strongly perturbed
by something, although it could not have been Neptune because they do not
come close enough to be scattered by that planet's gravitational force. As
both Sedna and 2000 CR105 also travel beyond 500 AU from the sun, one
theory is that after being scattered by Neptune, a passing star could have
pulled their closest approaches away from the Sun.
Buffy is clearly a member of
the "Extended Scattered Disk". However, Buffy's almost circular orbit
makes it stand out from the other members. In addition, Buffy's large
orbital tilt is not so easily explained by the passing star idea. If a
star could have affected Buffy so strongly, it should also have disrupted
much of the main Kuiper belt as well. Since astronomers do not detect that
strong disruption, a more complex theory is needed to explain Buffy's
The elusive explanation may
lie in side-effects from rearrangements of the Solar System early in its
history. One possibility is that as Neptune's orbit slowly expanded in the
young Solar System, complex gravitational interactions could have caused
some Kuiper belt orbits to circularize and tilt. While Buffy's orbit could
have been created this way, this theory would not seem to explain 2000
CR105 and Sedna. This new discovery is exciting because it causes us to
rethink our understanding of how the Kuiper belt formed.
Over the last half decade, theories about the formation of our outer Solar
System have been pushed to their limits: unusual Kuiper belt objects, like
Buffy, which never come close to Neptune yet have high inclination must be
Although theories that
explain individual objects exist, reproducing the entire ensemble of known
objects with one process poses a difficult challenge to current solar
system models. Because the unusual objects, like Buffy, are very rare,
astronomers are still scratching the surface of the dark corners of the
Kuiper belt. Future large-scale surveys that systematically explore the
Kuiper belt are the only way unlock the mysteries of what happened early
in the history of our Solar System.
RINGS FOUND AROUND PLANET URANUS
Thu Dec 22, 7:49 PM ET
LOS ANGELES - Astronomers aided by the
Hubble Space Telescope have spied two more rings encircling Uranus, the
first additions to the planet's ring system in nearly two decades.
The faint, dusty rings orbit
outside of Uranus' previously known rings, but within the orbits of its
large moons, said Mark Showalter, an astronomer at the SETI Institute in
Mountain View, Calif., who made the discovery.
Details will appear online Friday in the
journal Science. The discovery, announced Thursday, means scientists now
believe the seventh planet from the sun possesses 13 rings.
In 1986, Voyager 2 became the first
spacecraft to zip past Uranus and beam back thousands of images of its
dazzling rings and numerous moons. It found two new rings in addition to
the nine previously discovered from Earth.
Scientists peering through the Hubble Space
Telescope made the latest ring discoveries in 2004. Then they went back to
process hundreds of images taken by Voyager and found the rings in the
pictures. Scientists speculate that the rings may not have been discovered
during the spacecraft flyby because of their faintness.
The newly discovered rings are made up of
short-lived, faint bands of dust grains that are constantly being
replenished by erosion of larger space bodies. Scientist think the dust in
the outermost ring is being supplied by the moon Mab, discovered in 2003.
Scientists also measured changes in the
orbits of Uranus' inner moons since 1994. The new measurements suggest the
moons are in a "random and chaotic" fashion, said Jack Lissauer of the
NASA Ames Research Center.
Because of the moons' instability,
scientists think the satellites will collide with one another in the next
few million years.
Uranus, four times the diameter of Earth, is one of the solar system's
giant, gaseous planets that also include Jupiter, Saturn and Neptune.
More information and images at
GROW HUMAN BRAIN CELLS AFTER STEM CELL INJECTIONS
by PAUL ELIAS
SAN FRANCISCO - Add another creation to the
strange scientific menagerie where animal species are being mixed together
in ever more exotic combinations.
Scientists announced Monday that they had
created mice with small amounts of human brain cells in an effort to make
realistic models of neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease.
Led by Fred Gage of the Salk Institute in
San Diego, the researchers created the mice by injecting about 100,000
human embryonic stem cells per mouse into the brains of 14-day-old rodent
fetuses. Those mice were each born with about 0.1 percent of human cells
in each of their heads, a trace amount that doesn't remotely come close to
"humanizing" the rodents.
"This illustrate that injecting human stem
cells into mouse brains doesn't restructure the brain," Gage said.
Still, the work adds to the growing ethical
concerns of mixing human and animal cells when it comes to stem cell and
cloning research. After all, mice are 97.5 percent genetically identical
to humans. "The worry is if you humanize them too much you cross certain
boundaries," said David Magnus, director of the Stanford Medical Center
for Biomedical Ethics. "But I don't think this research comes even close
are nevertheless beginning to bump up against what bioethicists call the
"yuck factor." Three top cloning researchers, for instance, have applied
for a patent that contemplates fusing a complete set of human DNA into
animal eggs in order to manufacturer human embryonic stem cells. One of
the patent applicants, Jose Cibelli, first attempted such an experiment in
1998 when he fused cells from his cheek into cow eggs.
"The idea is to hijack the machinery of the
egg," said Cibelli, whose current work at Michigan State University does
not involve human material because that would violate state law.
Researchers argue that co-mingling human and animal tissue is vital to
ensuring that experimental drugs and new tissue replacement therapies are
safe for people. Others have performed similar experiments with rabbit and
chicken eggs while University of California-Irvine researchers have
reported making paralyzed rodents walk after injecting them with human
have transplanted pig valves into human hearts for years, and scientists
have injected human cells into lab animals for even longer. But the brain
poses an additional level of concern because some envision nightmare
scenarios in which a human mind might be trapped in an animal head.
"Human diseases, such as Parkinson's
disease, might be amenable to stem cell therapy, and it is conceivable,
although unlikely, that an animal's cognitive abilities could also be
affected by such therapy," a report issued in April by the influential
National Academies of Science that sought to draw some ethical research
report recommended that such work be allowed, but with strict ethical
guidelines established. "Protocols should be reviewed to ensure that they
take into account those sorts of possibilities and that they include
ethically sensitive plans to manage them if they arise," the report
concluded. At the same time, the report did endorse research that
co-mingles human and animal tissue as vital to ensuring that experimental
drugs and new tissue replacement therapies are safe for people. Gage said
the work published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences is another step in overcoming one of the biggest
technical hurdles confronting stem cell researchers: when exactly to
inject the cells into patients.
The results suggest that human embryonic
stem cells, once injected into people, will mature into the cells that
surround them. No known human has ever received an injection of embryonic
stem cells because so little is known about how those cells will mature
once inside the body. For now, Gage said his work is more geared toward
understanding disease than to finding a cure.
"It's a way for us to begin to tease out the
way these diseases develop," Gage said.
Human embryonic stem cells are created in
the first days after conception and give rise to all the organs and
tissues in the human body. Scientists hope they can someday use stem cells
to replace diseased tissue. But many social conservatives, including
President Bush, oppose the work because embryos are destroyed during
researchers argue that mixing human and animal cells is the only way to
advance the field because it's far too risky to experiment on people; so
little is known about stem cells.
"The experiments have to be done, which does
mean human cells into non-human cells," said Dr. Evan Snyder, a stem cell
researcher at the Burnham Institute in San Diego. "You don't work out the
issues on your child or your grandmother. You want to work this out in an
is injecting human embryonic stem cells into monkeys and is convinced that
there's little danger.
"It's true that there is a huge amount of
similarity, but the difference are huge," Snyder said. "You will never
ever have a little human trapped inside a mouse or monkey's body."
SOURCE: Mercury News
DEMONSTRATES SELF AWARENESS
By Tracy Staedter, Discovery News
Dec. 21, 2005— A new robot can recognize the
difference between a mirror image of itself and another robot that looks
just like it.
This so-called mirror image
cognition is based on artificial nerve cell groups built into the robot's
computer brain that give it the ability to recognize itself and
acknowledge others. The ground-breaking technology could eventually lead
to robots able to express emotions.
Under development by Junichi
Takeno and a team of researchers at Meiji University in Japan, the robot
represents a big step toward developing self-aware robots and in
understanding and modeling human self-consciousness.
"In humans, consciousness is
basically a state in which the behavior of the self and another is
understood," said Takeno. Humans learn behavior during cognition and
conversely learn to think while behaving, said Takeno.
To mimic this dynamic, a
robot needs a common area in its neural network that is able to process
information on both cognition and behavior. Takeno and his colleagues
built the robot with blue, red or green LEDs connected to artificial
neurons in the region that light up when different information is being
processed, based on the robot's behavior.
"The innovative part is the
independent nodes in the hierarchical levels that can be linked and
activated," said Thomas Bock of the Technical University of Munich in
For example, two red diodes
illuminate when the robot is performing behavior it considers its own, two
green bulbs light up when the robot acknowledges behavior being performed
by the other.
One blue LED flashes when
the robot is both recognizing behavior in another robot and imitating it.
Imitation, said Takeno, is
an act that requires both seeing a behavior in another and instantly
transferring it to oneself and is the best evidence of consciousness.
In one experiment, a robot
representing the "self" was paired with an identical robot representing
When the self robot moved
forward, stopped or backed up, the other robot did the same. The pattern
of neurons firing and the subsequent flashes of blue light indicated that
the self robot understood that the other robot was imitating its behavior.
In another experiment, the
researchers placed the self robot in front of a mirror. In this case, the
self robot and the reflection (something it could interpret as another
robot) moved forward and back at the same time. Although the blue lights
fired, they did so less frequently than in other experiments.
In fact, 70 percent of the
time, the robot understood that the mirror image was itself. Takeno's goal
is to reach 100 percent in the coming year.
FOREST/RAF BENTWATERS 25th ANNIVERSARY
At approximately 2-00a.m. on the 27th
December 1980, an unidentified flying object was picked up on Radar at RAF
Watton in Norfolk (UK). The object went off screen in the area of
Rendlesham Forest (Norfolk) in the direct vicinity of RAF Bentwaters... So
began a series of incidents that became one of the most investigated and
notorious cases in the history of Ufology.
See: The Rendlesham Forest/RAF Bentwaters
(This site contains many audio/video files)
SOURCE: Geoff Richardson
ANNIVERSARY OF RENDLESHAM FOREST UFO LANDINGS
The Interrupted Christmas Party
1980-Great Britain; RAF Bentwaters
Colonel Charles Halt, RAF Bentwaters Base
Commander was enjoying the Christmas season with other senior officers at
a base party when he was abruptly called out and told about some amazing
things that were happening over the woods around the base. Strange lights
were moving around in the night in Rendlesham Forest to the point that
security officers were prompted to investigate.
The second night of these historic sightings
they had had enough. It was time to call in Halt. Halt was one of a group
of senior officers to chase the eerie glowing objects into the forest. He
would become a key figure in the Rendlesham investigation, and Ufology. He
would make a cassette recording of the details of his trek into the woods
which would become a most valuable piece of UFO material. Rendlesham is
observing its 25th anniversary this Christmas season, and has become one
of the most celebrated UFO cases of all.
Read the complete account of The Rendlesham
Forest UFO Landings
SOURCE: UFO Casebook: 12-19-05
SHOOTS DOWN ATLAS MISSILE WARHEAD
Clark (C. McClelland), former ScO,
Space Shuttle Fleet, KSC, Florida 1958 to 1992, writes, I have a VERY
important disclosure of a Atlas ICBM being shot down by a UFO!
When Dr Jacobs from Bradley University was
on active duty in 1964 as a Lt. was observing, with a telescope , the
launch of an Atlas Missile that had been fired from Vandenburg Air Force
Base, California over the Pacific Ocean.
It was traveling between 11, 000 to 14,000
mph, when a saucer shaped craft entered the frame, it flew into the frame
like this, and shot a beam of light at the warhead. Now, remember all this
is flying at several thousand miles an hour. This thing shoots another
beam of light at the warhead then flies away as it came in. The warhead
tumbles out of space. When the lights came on Major Mansmann turned around
and says to me , "Were you guys screwing around up there?" I said, "No
Sir." He said, "What was that? Dr Jacobs says, "It looked to me like we
got a UFO."
the confirmation letter from Major Mansmann.
SOURCE: Filer's Files #50 - December 7, 2005
SIGHTINGS IN RUSSIA - 2005 WRAP-UP
Russian intelligence agencies have
repeatedly stated that no UFOs have ever been spotted over Russian
territory. However, witnesses from the general public continue to
contradict these reports with stories of their personal encounters with
Komsomolskaya Pravda has put together the most reliable of these reports
and come up with a list of UFO sightings in Russia and other post-Soviet
countries for 2005.
This year 18 cases of crop circles have
been reported in Russia’s regions — this is six cases more than last year
and almost twice the number for 2003.
Mysterious signs were seen
in all parts of the country — as far afield as the Komi Republic and the
Far East, and as close to Moscow as the Voronezh and Novgorod regions. But
just like last year, the southern Krasnodar region has had more crop
circles than any other region.
Meanwhile, local people are
not too thrilled by the unexplainable phenomena. In fact they are more
troubled by ufologists who put up their tents in the fields, hoping to
catch the unknown artists red-handed.
UFO Caught on Film at the
“This May I took visiting relatives out
to see an ice drift on the Yenisei,” nurse Raisa Kireyeva from the town of
Igarka says. “We stopped at the bank, I was speaking and gesturing and my
son was taking pictures. We neither heard nor saw anything suspicious or
unusual, so we were totally shocked to see some object hanging in the air
over my head when we had the photographs printed.”
The woman took the picture
and the negative to the Eternal Frost Museum. At first the experts were
skeptical about the photograph... “We’ve had so many of them.” But after
an examination they had to admit the strange object in the picture was
neither a fake nor faulty film.
“We checked all the
negatives,” the director of the Eternal Frost Museum’s department in
Igarka, Alexander Toshchev, said. “But even when we magnified the image
many times, the ’saucer’ remained very distinct.”
Continuous Reports of UFOs Over the Crimea
For many years people have reported the UFOs they have spotted in the sky
above the Crimea in Ukraine, in the seaside city of Yalta. Astronomers at
Crimea’s Physical Astronomy Observatory decided to finally prove or
disprove these reports.
The researchers indeed
located a reddish ball that floated in the sky for about ten minutes,
slowly changing its color from red to light yellow, and leaving a path of
smoke in its wake.
The astronomers estimated
the UFO was about 400 km away. So, in theory, the object could actually
have been a secret flying device that the Turks were testing across the
Extra Terrestrials Trim
This September bright luminous orange-colored objects, round in shape,
became a familiar sight in the village of Yevseyevka in the Primorye
region of Russia’s Far East. Enormous lights moved across the sky in the
evenings, disappearing from view and then returning again.
The balls demonstrated
strange ’behavior’: they froze for some time, started moving again,
changed their path of motion, sent out rays of light towards one another
and what’s more, each ball beamed bright lights towards the ground.
A local farmer conducted an
experiment on Sept. 7. When the balls appeared in the dark sky, Yuri
Galayev took his torch and signaled to one of the balls, turning the torch
on and off. The ball responded immediately with identical signals.
The next morning when the
Galayevs went to their watermelons field they noticed a weird pattern on
one of the watermelons. They remembered the day before the pattern had not
been there, and came to the conclusion it was a note from their night
visitors. The watermelon was taken to a well-known Primorye biologist and
ufologist Valery Dvuzhilny.
“I studied the fruit, both
the healthy and the impacted tissue,” Dvuzhilny said. “This could not be
done by insects, bacteria nor by some fungi — none of these could produce
such a symmetrical pattern.”
The patterned watermelon is
not an isolated case in the region. In September 2002 two watermelons with
complicated pictograms on them were found in the field of farmer Nikolai
“Well, let them draw, I
don’t care as long as they don’t steal from the field,” the farmer said.
Conspiracy Journal #345
UFO FIGURE DIES
Walter Haut, the Air Force press officer who
originally released a statement from the Roswell Army Air Field stating
that the army had captured a flying disk, has died. Haut was 83. In 1989,
he met with Whitley Strieber in Roswell, took Mr. Strieber to the old base
and to the site of the original crash, and stated that the object that had
crashed there had, without question, been something from another world. In
a surprise phone call, Haut verified Whitley’s story of the Roswell crash
when Strieber was on the Larry King Live TV show to promote his 1989 novel
Majestic, which is about Roswell.
Haut's daughter Julie Shuster says that her
father never doubted that the crash really happened and that
extraterrestrials had visited the area. In 1991, he helped found the
International UFO Museum in Roswell, New Mexico, where the UFO crash
occurred in July of 1947.
At that time, Haut was the press officer at
the US Army Air Force Base in Roswell. On July 8, 1947, Haut, on
instructions from base commander William Blanchard, put out a press
release about the discovery of the remains of a crashed UFO on the Brazel
ranch near the base. The Army immediately issued a press release
contradicting this story, saying that the remains were from a crashed
weather balloon. The Roswell base was home to the 509th bomb wing, which
was the only atomic bomb group in existence at the time.
WHO ISSUED UFO RELEASE DIES
ROSWELL NM, United States (UPI) -- Walter
Haut, who as a young Army officer issued the press release about a flying
saucer in Roswell, N.M., has died. He was 83. Haut believed for the rest
of his life the area had been visited by something 'not of this earth,'
his daughter Julie Shuster told the Roswell Record. He went on to become
one of the founders of the International UFO Museum.
A native of Chicago, Haut decided to settle
in Roswell in 1946 after two tours of duty there.
On July 8, 1947, Haut, on instructions from
the base commander, put out a press release about the finding of a flying
saucer on a ranch near the base. Later the same day, the Army retracted
the story, saying that what had been found was part of a weather balloon.
Later news stories have said that the find was part of a balloon involved
in a project to spy on the Soviet Union.
Haut, an insurance agent, became a leading
citizen of his adopted home and member of many local organizations. His
daughter said he did not talk much about UFOs until interest in them
revived in the 1980s. He helped found the museum in 1991 and served as its
Source: Monsters and Critics.com - Glasgow, UK
FLOCK TO SEE 'BUDDHA BOY'
TO HAVE FASTED SIX MONTHS
By Thomas Bell in Bara District, Nepal
Thousands of pilgrims are pouring into the
dense jungle of southern Nepal to worship a 15-year-old boy who has been
hailed as a new Buddha.
Devotees claim that Ram Bomjon, who is
silently meditating beneath a tree, has not eaten or drunk anything since
he sat down at his chosen spot six months ago.
[IMAGE: Ram Bomjon maintains his vigil in
the shade of his pipal tree
Witnesses say they have seen light emanating
from the teenager's forehead.
"It looks a bit like when you shine a torch
through your hand," said Tek Bahadur Lama, a member of the committee
responsible for dealing with the growing number of visitors from India and
elsewhere in Nepal.
Photographs of Ram Bomjon, available for five rupees (4p) from his
makeshift shrine, have become ubiquitous across the region. "Far and wide,
it's the only topic of conversation," said Upendra Lamichami, a local
He said no
allegation had yet emerged of Ram breaking his fast or moving, even to
Raj Subedi, the chief government official in Bara district, appealed to
the capital, Kathmandu, for assistance in dealing with the influx of
visitors, and for a team of scientists to examine the case.
Local doctors failed to reach a final
conclusion, although they were allowed no closer than five yards from the
boy mystic, declaring that they could confirm no more than that he was
of the phenomenon is partly because it resembles an episode in the life of
the historical Buddha, who was born 160 miles away around 543 BC. The
Buddha achieved enlightenment when he meditated beneath a sacred pipal
tree for 49 days.
Bomjon is also sitting beneath a pipal tree, in the same posture as the
Buddha is depicted, but his vigil has already taken longer.
Ram's mother, who is called Maya Devi, like
the Buddha's mother, admits to anxiety, particularly at meal times. But
she tells herself: "God took him to the forest and I have faith that God
will feed him."
said: "He's definitely got thinner. Early in the morning he looks sunken,
like there's no blood in him, but as the sun rises he seems to get
brighter and brighter."
The fervor increased last week when a snake
is said to have bitten Ram, and a curtain was drawn around him.
After five days it was opened and he spoke.
"Tell the people not to call me a Buddha. I don't have the Buddha's
energy. I am at the level of rinpoche [lesser divinity].
"A snake bit me but I do not need treatment.
I need six years of deep meditation."
Despite his protestations, "Buddha boy" is
famous. A thriving market has grown in the once pristine forest, supplying
pilgrims with everything from chewing tobacco and bicycle repairs to
incense and sacred amulets. The ground is covered in litter.
A fence was built around Ram's tree to
prevent pilgrims prodding him, then a second, and now a third is planned,
as well as a bus park, leaving Ram at the centre of an ever growing circle
Lamsal, a businessman said: "Some people are selling 2,500 rupees [£20]
worth of tea a day.
"These lamas [monks] are
going to build mansions out of this. If I wasn't a bit embarrassed I'd
take a van down there and set up a stall."
TEN PARANORMAL EVENTS OF 2005
Another year of strange events and
by Stephen Wagner
ANYONE WHO doubts the existence of the
paranormal, or at least the idea that there’s more to life on this planet
than meets the eye, isn’t paying attention. Every year, fringe and
mainstream news sources alike report on the many strange things that take
place in this world with surprising regularity. There are so many events
that go unexplained and cause us to wonder. 2005 was another banner year
for the unknown. Here are 10 of the top paranormal events.
1. Animals’ Sixth Sense
After the devastating tsunami struck the coastlines of the Indian Ocean on
December 26, 2004, reports began to filter in that although many human
bodies were recovered, virtually no animal carcasses were found. Why? Did
the animals sense the impending disaster? A full hour before the waves
struck, it was reported, elephants became agitated and began to wail.
As the disaster neared, many
broke their chains and headed for higher ground. Flamingos left their
breeding grounds and flew to the safety of the forests. Leopards, tigers,
wild boar, deer, water buffalo, monkeys and smaller mammals and reptiles
all escaped unharmed. All this suggested that animals might possess a
“sixth sense” or “sense of doom” – a heightened instinct – that saved
their lives. French zoologists, seeking a scientific explanation,
suggested that it was a more advanced acoustic system that allowed the
animals to hear the approaching giant surges of water. As further evidence
that dogs, at least, have remarkably keen senses, CBS News reported on
certain canines that have the uncanny ability to sniff out cancer in
2. Paranormal TV
The abundance of television shows with paranormal themes in the 2005-06
season was itself news. The public, it seems, is craving entertainment
with overtones of the unknown. Series such as Supernatural, Ghost
Whisperer, Invasion and Night Stalker all made their debut, with Ghost
Hunters and Most Haunted returning for loyal viewers. The breakaway hit,
however, was the well-written and acted Medium, based on the real-life
psychic medium Allison Dubois. The show’s popularity helped turn the media
spotlight on other mediums and psychics, such as Janna Excell and Jo'Ann
Ruhl , Nancy Myer and Mary Ann Winkowski, who is said to have inspired
Kelsey Grammer, former star
of Frasier and current producer of Medium, claims to have his own contact
with the dead, including a 2,000-year-old ghost he knows as Alex. And he’s
not the only one in Hollywood to admit that ability in 2005. Pop singer
Olivia Newton-John says she received signs from her deceased mother, and
in February Keanu Reeves told reporters he has seen ghosts on at least two
3. Technology and the
Believing in ghosts, the afterlife and other things unseen is one thing,
proving their existence is quite another. While ghost investigators around
the world continued to experiment with electronic voice phenomena (EVP) –
alleged voices of the dead – inventors were busy creating gadgets that
they claimed could detect or even contact the dearly departed. In January,
a German inventor unveiled his Phone Angel, a cell phone device he said
would allow the mourning to contact the recently deceased. Meanwhile,
Japanese manufacturer SolidAlliance presented GhostRadar, which they said
blinked its lights and beeped its tones in the presence of the unseen. And
in December, mechanical engineer Steve Watson announced his spirit sensor
that similarly flashes and chimes when ghosts are near, he says.
But the top story, in a more
serious vein perhaps, was that mainstream scientists continued to
experiment with how the mind alone can affect machines – essentially
proving that psi exists. In July, a new article reported on the
26-year-old project at the Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research (PEAR)
program, which has measured the effects of human consciousness on random
number generators. And a black box in the basement of Edinburgh University
in Scotland, as well as other locations around the world, are part of the
Global Consciousness Project, a network of machines that has shown how
human consciousness has reacted to such events as the Sept. 11 attack.
(Also see “The Consciousness of the World”.) Other scientists were proving
that blind people can “see” with a sixth sense, that people can
subconsciously sense trouble, and that certain stimuli to the brain can
trigger (or mimic) what some people have reported as supernatural
religious experiences and out-of-body experiences.
. Chupacabra Sightings
The fearsome “goat sucker,” so-named because it drains its victims of
blood, made the news several times in 2005. In February, KOBTV reported
the discovery of a strange corpse on Albuquerque’s West Mesa. Although the
creature did not really resemble the eyewitness reports of chupacabra,
reporters hung the label on it anyway. In June, residents in South Texas
wondered if they caught a chupacabra sighting on videotape. Most
researchers believe, however, it was merely another case of a coyote with
mange, as in the Elmendorf case of 2004. In August, a Texas farmer
actually caught and killed one.
The top story was in
December, when the real thing might have struck in Uruguay. Researcher
Scott Corrales reported strange deaths of deer in a hunting preserve; they
were mutilated and their genitalia and reproductive organs were removed.
5. Exorcisms on the Rise
With the screening of the film The Exorcism of Emily Rose, based on the
true experiences of 19-year-old Anneliese Michel, came a new wave of
interest in demonic possession and exorcism. The Vatican, it was revealed,
now provides a course for priests on conducting exorcisms and casting out
demonic spirits. Bob Larson, a controversial American preacher, took his
“deliverances” to Australia, where he said Melbourne's demons are “the
most vicious in the world” because its society is in a religious vacuum.
And people continued to be possessed, including a 43-year-old mother in
Arizona, who claimed to have been possessed by as many as 10 demons over
the last 23 years. The popularizing of such rituals became so offensive
that in February a British television station came under public attack for
planning to broadcast a live exorcism.
The top story in this
category is quite different, however. Understandably, the scientific and
medical community spoke out against exorcism practices, saying that they
can do more harm than good, as in the case of Anneliese Michel. Whatever
afflicts these people should be treated by psychiatrists. Misguided
exorcisms can go horribly wrong, as in the case reported in June when a
Romanian Orthodox priest faced murder charges after crucifying a young nun
that he believed was possessed by the devil. There are other similar
6. Bigfoot Sightings
Despite the claims of recent years that many Bigfoot sightings and
footprint evidence were hoaxed, the large, smelly biped made several
appearances in 2005, and new expeditions were launched to find good proof.
William Dranginis investigated Virginia sightings, Jason Valenti and John
Andrews searched Washington State, the beast was sighted in LeFlore
County, Oklahoma, and Floridians hunted for Bigfoot’s cousin, the Skunk
Some tantalizing new
evidence came to light. Ferry operator Bobby Clarke thought he might have
videotaped a Bigfoot in Northern Manitoba, Canada back in April.
Unfortunately, the creature was too far away and the image too blurry for
any definitive conclusion. Then in July, a hair sample was recovered in
the Yukon after a claimed Bigfoot sighting. DNA analysis, however, proved
that the hair was from a bison. More controversial video footage came out
of New York State, where those who taped it say it could show a baby
Bigfoot clambering up a tree.
The top Bigfoot story
consists of two new photos. In November, a backpacker snapped photos of a
hulking creature on a ridge on Silver Star Mountain in Washington, where
other sightings of Bigfoot have been claimed in the past. And in early
December in West Virginia, a motion-triggered camera captured the image of
an unidentified bipedal creature dubbed the Braxton Beast.
Ghost were hunted and sighted in 2005, of course, and sometimes even
photographed. A family in Kingston, New Hampshire was tormented by
levitating objects, disembodied voices and apparitions, seemingly brought
about by digging on the property. The staff and customers of a lighting
shop in Lincolnshire, England reported mysterious footsteps, slamming
doors and shades thrown about. Soldiers in guard towers in Afghanistan
reported the haunting of a little girl.
The Andrew Bayne Memorial
Library in Bellevue, Pennsylvania is haunted by a presence that turns
lights and fans off and on, fools with the computers and makes shadows in
the hallways; an apparition in Victorian dress has also been seen. A
former lunatic asylum in Chester, England is home to a mysterious “woman
in black.” In Des Moines, Iowa, a security guard was fired because he
reported seeing a ghost. And ghosts were exorcised from Hamlet’s castle in
Denmark. Good evidence was collected also. A closed-circuit security
camera in a store in Gloucester, England recorded video of what may be an
apparition knocking over a stack of boxes. The shop was built on the
grounds or an old theatre that had a reputation for being haunted.
The top story took place in
March when steeplejacks were commissioned to investigate the nesting of
some lovebirds in the spire of Halifax’s Square Church in Halifax,
England. Using a long zoom lens, they attempted to photograph the nest,
but what they captured was most unexpected: the ghostly image of a woman
in a maroon cloak.
8. Sea and Lake Monsters
Loch Ness seemed to be quiet in 2005, but water monsters appeared
elsewhere around the world. Jan-Ove Sundberg, who had been hunting the
monster in Norway's Lake Seljord for years, reported in August that he had
seen “two large objects on sonar; they were four to five meters (13-16.5
feet) long, and this was no fish.” At Lake Massawippi in Quebec, an
innkeeper snapped a photo of what he believes in that
lake’s legendary monster, Whippy. And in some extraordinary photos,
Japanese scientists captured the very first images of a living giant
Champ, the monster of Lake
Champlain, was the top story here, when it may have been videographed in
August. Dick Affolter, Pete Bodette and Affolter's stepson were fishing
for salmon on the New York side of the lake when they noticed something
unusual and large on the surface of the water, moving in a serpentine
manner. Bodette got video of the creature, and as they got closer to it,
it slowly submerged.
9. Atlantis Found – Yet
Every year brings new theories and “evidence” for the true location of
Atlantis, and 2005 was no exception. First of all, 2004’s tsunami gave
scientists plausibility for the sinking of a large land mass – possibly
even an entire island. In fact, a sunken island lies 60 meters beneath the
surface in the Gulf of Cadiz, right "in front of the Pillars of Hercules,"
(the Straits of Gibraltar), as stated by Plato. Researchers say a large
earthquake and tsunami hit the island about 12,000 years ago, roughly the
time indicated in the Greek philosopher's writings for the destruction of
the city. But another researcher proposes that South America could be the
lost continent. Jim Allen says the continent, with its magnificent
pyramids and other structures, could be evidence of the advanced Atlantean
Cyprus has long been
suggested as the site of the great Atlantis, and is again the top story
here. In May, Robert Sarmast, head of the Cyprus/Atlantis Expedition,
presented new evidence in the form of new sonar scans that show manmade
structures one mile below the water’s surface off the southeast coast of
10. Popes and Prophecy
The death of Pope John Paul II caused
many to mourn and others to wonder about the prophecies regarding the
papacy… and possibly the end times. In 1139, St. Malachy O’Morgair,
Archbishop of Armagh, Ireland had a vision in which he gave specific clues
about the identities of every Pope from his time to the end of time. John
Paul II, for example, he named De labore Solis, or “from the labor of the
sun.” John Paul II was born during a partial solar eclipse (May 18, 1920),
and there was also a rare "hybrid" eclipse on the day of his funeral.
There are only two Popes
named by St. Malachy after John Paul II. The first he names Gloria olivae
or "The Glory of the Olive." It was long thought that this prophecy meant
that this Pope would come from the Benedictine order of priests because
the order is also known as the Olivetans. Although Cardinal Ratzinger is
not a Benedictine, he chose the name Benedict XVI.
The second will be named
Peter, and he may be the last Pope. Then what? Does it signify the end of
life as we know it?